Patterned social arrangements that have an enabling or constraining effect on agency are referred to as:
_____ is considered the first female sociologist and argued that injustices such as slavery and women’s inequality stunted a society’s moral development.
Formal organizations characterized by written rules, hierarchical authority, and a paid staff, intended to promote organizational efficiency, are referred to as:
The relationship between agency and structure is _____, as ______.
one-sided, agency influences structure
one-sided, structure enables or constrains agency
reciprocal, they both have an effect on one another
nonexistent, there is no relationship between the two
Accepted social behaviors and beliefs are referred to as:
The bonds that unite the members of a social group is referred to as:
_____ believed that nearly all known societies are characterized by some system of division by economic class, which results in conflict as classes compete for wealth, power, and resources.
The ability to evaluate claims about truth by using reason and evidence is referred to as:
The ability of individuals and groups to exercise free will and to make social change is referred to as:
A researcher finds that as income increases, square footage of respondent’s home also increases. This is an example of:
A variable is defined as:
The description of a relationship
A phenomena that is constantly changing
A term used to summarize a set of phenomena
A concept that can take on two or more possible values
A _____ relationship is one in which one variable is the cause of another variable.
The degree to which two or more variables are associated with one another is referred to as:
_____ reasoning starts from specific data and tries to identify larger patterns from which to derive more general theories.
A researcher finds that as years spent driving increases, the number of accidents decreases. This is an example of:
The term used to summarize a set of phenomena is:
The repetition of a previous study using a different sample or population to verify or refute the original findings is referred to as:
A culture that exists together with a dominant culture but differs from it in some important respects is referred to as:
The ability of a local culture to absorb outside influences that fit in and enrich their culture while resisting those that are alien is known as:
The beliefs, norms, behaviors, and products common to the members of a particular group are referred to as:
Powerful mores, the violation of which is considered serious and even unthinkable, are referred to as:
Cultural representations of social realities are referred to as:
The worldview whereby we judge other cultures by the standards of our own is referred to as:
Particular ideas that people accept as true are referred to as:
Abstract and general standards in society that define ideal principles such as right and wrong are referred to as: