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Post PHL203 Unit 3 Quiz (100% Answer)
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Question

In consequential ethics, an action is right if it promotes the ______________.

A. easiest profit

B. best outcome

C. will of God

D. virtuous character

Question 2

2 out of 2 points

Consequentialism forges a link between _________ & _________.

A. happiness & consequences

B. will & power

C.truth & lies

D. universalism & absolutism

Question 3

2 out of 2 points

Saying that “we should always act to maximize our own individual interests,” is a form of consequentialism known as __________.

A. individualism

B. maximization theory

C. egoism

D. sinful

Question 4

2 out of 2 points

Saying that “we should act to maximize the happiness of all those who are affected by the action,” is a form of consequentialism known as __________.

A. qualificationism

B. just war theory

C. eudaimonia

D. utilitarianism

Question 5

2 out of 2 points

Those who are inherently against laws or rules, are known as __________.

A. anabaptists

B. anaerobic

C. atheists

D. antinomians

Question 6

2 out of 2 points

Is this statement true: “In order to do determine the best consequence, some argue that you must add up the happiness in one person and then multiply the total happiness in the total number of people and subtract the total pain. If the result is positive then the action is good. If the result is negative then the action is bad”?

A. Yes

B. No

C. Maybe

D. I have no idea

Question 7

2 out of 2 points

One argument against utilitarianism, is that utilitarian acts have no __________.

A. willpower

B. extrinsic worth

C. intrinsic value

D. worth

Question 8

2 out of 2 points

Which philosopher/ethicist is NOT associated with utilitarian thought:

A. R.M. Hare

B. Immanuel Kant

C. John Stuart Mill

D. Jeremy Bentham

 

Question 9

2 out of 2 points

Karl Popper’s idea, written about in The Open Society & Its Enemies (1945), argues that we should promote the least amount of evil or harm; and prevent the greatest amount of harm for the greatest number. This is known as ________.

A. Negative Utilitarianism

B. Qualified Utilitarianism

C. Speculative Utilitarianism

D. Deontological Utilitarianism

Question 10

2 out of 2 points

John S. Mill argues that cultural, intellectual, and spiritual pleasures are of greater values than just mere physical pain or pleasure. Because his system is still based on the pursuit of pleasure, it is a form of _________ utilitarianism.

A. Principled

B. Pithy

C. Hedonistic

D. Automatic

Question 11

2 out of 2 points

G. E. Moore argued that the rightness or wrongness of acts is determined by their actual consequences. He believed that our duty was to produce the best possible consequences. This is known as __________ utilitarianism.

A. Perfect

B. Religious

C. Military

D. Ideal

Question 12

2 out of 2 points

In Consequentialism, whether an act is morally right depends only on consequences , NOT on _____________.

A. circumstances

B. the intrinsic nature of the act

C. anything that happens before the act

D. all of the above

Question 13

2 out of 2 points

In Universal Consequentialism, moral rightness depends on the consequences for ____________________, as opposed to only the individual agent, present people, or any other limited group.

A. all people or sentient beings

B. all people in your own country

C. your immediate family and friends

D. humans but not animals

Question 14

0 out of 2 points

Mill was an advocate of rule utilitarianism. In this system you obey those rules which experience has shown will produce the greatest happiness of the greatest number. When you always know what people will do you get _________________.

A. boredom and tedium

B. predictability and security

C. power and insight

D. truth and lies

Question 15

2 out of 2 points

Although he favored democracy, Mill sees the possibility for domination of the minority (smaller groups) by the majority (larger groups) under a strict system of _________. Accordingly, Mill argues that safeguards be put in place to protect the interests and viewpoints of minorities in the political process. This is the idea behind our Bill of rights.

A. “one vote one person”

B. “cogito ergo sum”

C. “laissez fare”

D. “mob rule”

 

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  • Post PHL203 Unit 3 Quiz (100% Answer)
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    Question In consequential ethics, an action is right if it promotes the ______________. A. easiest profit B. best outcome C. will of God D. virtuous character Question 2 2 out of 2 points Consequentialism

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