1. Aristotle conceives of a virtue as:
a rule that tells you what the right action is.
a state of character that enables practically wise choices.
a positive self-image.
a way to gain as much pleasure as possible
2. According to Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”, a person who has integrity is someone who:
Does what is right, only if it is approved of by others
Does what is right, even when it is disapproved of by others
Does what is right, only when commanded to do so
Does what is right, unless they are commanded to do otherwise
None of the above
3. What would best express Colonel Nicholson’s (Alec Guinness) view regarding what makes a good soldier, as expressed in the The Bridge on the River Kwai clip?
The virtues of a good soldier are consistent no matter the circumstance.
A good solider only acts virtuously when it benefits himself and hiscountry.
The good soldier regards the enemy as having less intrinsic worth than one’s own people.
All of the above
4. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson describes integrity as a virtue that
Excess such as arrogance and deficiencies such as weakness of will
Excess such as generosity and deficiencies such as weakness of will
Excess such as arrogance and deficiencies such as weakness of pleasure
Excess such as generosity and deficiencies such as weakness of pleasure
5. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson argues that integrity should be regarded as:
An absolute value in all military activities
An absolute value in the honor group
An absolute value only on the battlefield
An absolute value only for noncombatants
None of the above
6. Aristotle states that if we ask what the highest good is:
there is no agreement about the answer.
most people agree that it is pleasure.
nearly everyone agrees that it is happiness.
there is no objective answer to this question
7. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson describes “magnanimity” as the mean between the extremes of:
Vanity and pusillanimity
Vanity and vice
Generosity and selfishness
Generosity and greed
8. In “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments,” Thomas Hill claims that a fruitful way to think about the badness of destroying the environment is:
To think about what kind of human would choose to destroy the earth.
To appeal to theories about God and care for the earth.
To examine people’s intuitions about whether it is right to harm the environment.
To examine the rights that belong to the environment and act on the basis of those rights
9. According to Aristotle, we should begin ethical inquiry by specifying:
which things are intrinsically valuable.
the ultimate aim of all that we do.
what our fundamental duties are.
what constraints on behavior it would be reasonable to agree to
10. In his discussion of virtue and honor in the military, what does Robinson consider to be the relation between integrity and magnanimity?
They both should be pursued to the greatest extent possible.
The inner honor of integrity should always take priority over the outer honors associated with magnanimity.
Finding a suitable balance between the two helps prevent the excesses of each on its own.
The prospect of honors from one’s peers is the only realistic motivation for a soldier to act virtuously.
11. In The Emperor’s Club, what best describes the teacher’s (Kevin Kline) response to his student’s (Emile Hirsch) admission of cheating?
He hugged him and thanked him for being honest.
He threatened to turn him in and have him punished.
He challenged him to regard virtue and character as more important than success alone.
He reminded him that it is against school policy to cheat, and thus that he erred by breaking the school’s rules.
12. In what way would Thomas Hill’s notion of “self-acceptance”, as described in “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments”, correspond to Aristotle’s conception of eudaimonia?
They both are inherently immoral and contrary to virtue.
They both require the total rejection of standards outside the self.
They both have nothing to do with ethics.
They both involve acknowledging and respecting the kinds of creatures that we are.
13. According to Thomas Hill’s account of environmental ethics, a person might show a lack of virtue when they:
fail to realize that human needs and interests are worthless and unimportant.
fail find any aesthetic value in nature.
fail to recognize the rights of nonsentient beings.
All of the above
14. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson suggests that the more closely one associates with one’s identity with a certain group, the more one will
Associate one’s own honor with rejecting the honor of the group
Associate one’s own honor with the honor of the group
Associate one’s own honor with that of the enemy group
Associate one’s own honor with the virtue of prudence
15. Aristotle describes each virtue as:
a relative mean.
an absolute mean
16. According to “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments,” Thomas Hill would claim that a failure to appreciate the aesthetic value of the environment
might indicate an inability to express proper self-deception.
might indicate an inability to appreciate the true value of things in general.
might indicate that the person simply has a different set of subjective tastes.
might indicate that one lacks a precise philosophical account of the beautiful
17. Which of the following would be an idea shared both by the teacher (Kevin Kline) from the clip of The Emperor’s Club, and by Aristotle?
If you act dishonestly, you are bound to eventually get caught, and thatis why you should always be honest.
Cheating might lead to external success, but at the cost of internal failure.
If one exercises the virtues like honesty, one is bound to achieve greater wealth, success, and honor.
Watch what you say because you never know who might be listening.
18. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson argues that honor can:
Encourage restraint in warfare
Encourage heroism in warfare
Encourage abuse in warfare
All of the above
19. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson agrees with Aquinas’ idea that
Honor is unrelated to integrity
Honor is a subjective state of mind
Honor must be displayed in action
Honor is unimportant
20. Aristotle regards passions and feelings, such as anger, as:
always either an excess or a defect in one’s character.
capable of excess, defect, or the intermediate state characteristic of virtue.
good when directed by reason toward the right objects and the right amounts
Both (a) and (b).