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ACCOUNTING PAPER SOLUTION- PROBLEM 14.24
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ACCOUNTING: What the Numbers Mean, 10e

Chapter 14 Problem 14.24                                                                       Name: Enter Name

Problem Description:

Freese, Inc. is in the process of preparing the fourth quarter budget for 2013, and the following data have been assembled:

The company sells a single product at a selling price of \$60 per unit. The estimated sales volume for the six months is as follows:

 Units September October November December January February 13,000 12,000 14,000 20,000 9,000 10,000

All sales are on account. The company's collection experience has been that 32% of a month's sales are collected in the month of sale, 64% in the month following the sale, and 4% are uncollectible. According to the budget, the net realizable value of accounts receivable (i.e. accounts receivable less allowance for uncollectible accounts) is expected to be \$499,200 on September 30, 2013.

Management's policy is to maintain ending finished goods inventory each month at a level equal to 40% of the next month's budgeted sales. The finished goods inventory on September 30, 2013, is expected to be 4,800 units.

To make one unit of finished product, 5 pounds of raw material are required. Management's policy is to have enough materials on hand at the end of each month to equal 30% of the next month's estimated usage. The raw materials inventory is expected to be 19,200 pounds on September 30, 2013.

The cost per pound of material is \$4, and 70% of all purchases are paid for in the month of purchase; the remainder is paid in the following month. The accounts payable for raw material purchases is expected to be \$75,960 on September 30, 2013.

Instructions:

Please proceed to the "Analysis" worksheet and complete the basic problem requirements. Complete the problem requirements by entering appropriate amounts or formulas in shaded worksheet cells:

1. Prepare a sales budget in units and dollars, by month and in total, for the fourth quarter (October, November, and December) of 2013.
2. Prepare a schedule of cash collections from sales, by month and in total, for the fourth quarter of 2013.

1. Prepare a production budget in units, by month and in total, for the fourth quarter of 2013.

1. Prepare a materials purchases budget in pounds, by month and in total, for the fourth quarter of 2013.

1. Prepare a schedule of cash payments for materials, by month and in total, for the fourth quarter of 2013.

After completing the "Analysis" worksheet, please proceed to the "What the Numbers Mean" worksheet and respond to the additional requirements presented.

 ACCOUNTING: What the Numbers Mean, 10e Chapter 14 Problem 14.24 Name: Enter Name

Complete the Modeling:

 a. Sales Budget September Quarter Ended December 31, 2013 January Expected sales in units: October November December Total Selling price per unit: Total Sales: b. Cash Collections from: Quarter Ended December 31, 2013 Sales % Collected October November December Total September sales: \$- \$- October sales: \$- - October sales: \$- - November sales: \$- - November sales: \$- - December sales: \$- - Total cash collections: \$- \$- \$- \$- c. Production Budget Quarter Ended December 31, 2013 Finished Goods % Budgeted October November December Total January Beginning Inventory: 4,800 Units to be produced: (4,800) - - - - Goods available for sale: - - - - - Desired ending inventory: Quantity of goods sold: - - - - - d. Materials Purchases Budget October November December Total January Units to be produced: (4,800) - - - - Pounds required for each unit: Total pounds used in production: Raw Materials % Budgeted Quarter Ended December 31, 2013 October November December Total Beginning Inventory: 19,200 Purchases of materials: (19,200) - - - Materials available for use: - - - - Desired ending inventory: Total pounds used in production: - - - - e. Cash Payments for: October November December Total Purchases of materials: (19,200) - - - Cost per pound of raw material: Total cost of raw material purchases: Purchases % Paid Quarter Ended December 31, 2013 October November December Total September Net A/P: \$75,960 \$75,960 October purchases: \$- - October purchases: \$- - November purchases: \$- - November purchases: \$- - December purchases: \$- - Total cash payments: \$75,960 \$- \$- \$75,960

February

ACCOUNTING: What the Numbers Mean, 10e

Chapter 14 Problem 14.24                                                                       Name: Enter Name

What does it mean? Question 1:

Assume that Freese, Inc. decided that because of strong economic conditions in general, a 10% increase in the expected number of units to be sold each month was realistic. Explain the effect, in general, on each of the budgets presented of a 10% increase in the number of units sold.

What does it mean? Question 2:

Assuming that the number of units sold would not change, explain the effect on the budgets presented of a 5% increase in the selling price of the product. How does this price change effect differ from the sales volume effect you described above?

What does it mean? Question 3:

The purchasing manager is evaluating an alternative supplier that would provide a slightly lower grade of raw material at a savings from the current price of \$4 per pound. The new price would be at \$3.50 per pound but the product would now require six pounds of the lower grade of raw material to produce the same number of good finished units as currently achieved. Would you recommend the change to the new supplier? What if the new price was to be \$3.00? How about a price of \$3.285307? Explain your answers.

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• ACCOUNTING PAPER SOLUTION- PROBLEM 14.24
\$30.00

ACCOUNTING: What the Numbers Mean, 10e Chapter 14 Problem 14.24 Name: Enter Name Problem Description: Freese, Inc. is in the process of preparing the fourth quarter budget for 2013, and the following data have been assembled: The company sells a single product at a selling price of \$60 per unit.

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