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PSY2012 According to Adler, feelings of helplessness and incompetence
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Question 1.According to Adler, feelings of helplessness and incompetence during childhood results in _____.

mistrust

an inferiority complex

basic anxiety

learned helplessness

Question 2. _____ is associated with both novelty-seeking and extroversion.

Serotonin

Adrenaline

Dopamine

Norepinephrine

Question 3. _____ theories emphasize the importance of genetics in the development of personality.

Biological

Evolutionary

Genological

Phenomenological

Question 4. According to Jung, our collective unconscious consists of _____.

all of these options

the "archaeology of the soul"

one's cultural architecture

inherited archetypes

Question 5. According to Horney, an emotionally healthy person will _____.

move toward or away from people

move against and away from people

balance moving toward, away, and against people

move toward people only

Question 6. A major premise underlying psychoanalytic or psychodynamic theories of personality is that _____.

conscious thoughts and feelings overcome unconscious motives

unconscious forces have an enormous impact on our behavior, such as feelings, thoughts & actions

unconscious forces are responsible for negative behaviors, whereas conscious forces are responsible for positive ones

unconscious motives direct all behavior, positive or negative

Question 7. The rational part of the psyche that deals with reality and tries to meet the needs of the other two mental structures is called the _____.

ego

id

none of these options

superego

Question 8. A relatively stable and consistent characteristic that can be used to describe someone is known as a(n) _____.

trait

temperament

personality

character

Question 9. Which of the following is the CORRECT sequence of Freud's psychosexual stages of development?

Oral latency anal genital phallic

Oral anal genital latency phallic

Oral phallic anal latency genital

Oral anal phallic latency genital

Question10. Which of the following is FALSE about humanistic psychology?

Most of its concepts cannot be empirically tested.

None of these options are false

Its assumption that all people are inherently good has not been proven.

It merely explains personality, rather than teaching how to change it.

Question11. One reason people tend to believe in pseudo personality tests is because they have "something for everyone." This is called the _____.

Sucker Effect

Rule of Universals

Bailey Effect

Barnum Effect

Question 12. Three of the most influential neo-Freudians were _____.

Adler, Jung, and Horney

Dr. Laura, Dr. Phil, and Dr. Ruth

Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes

Pluto, Mickey, and Minnie

Question 13.The personality theorist who believed in the basic goodness of individuals, and their natural tendency toward self-actualization was _____.

Abraham Maslow

Carl Jung

Karen Horney

Alfred Adler

Question 14. Horney believed that the strongest influence on an individual's personality was that person's _____.

birth order

relationship with his or her parents

power envy

biological imperative

Question 15. According to Freud, the thoughts and information that you can easily bring to awareness is called your _____.

psyche

preconscious

conscious

subconscious

Question 16. A multiphasic personality test measures _____.

personalities that emerge during different developmental phases

a range of personality traits

multiple personalities

personalities that emerge during different phases of the moon

Question 17. Which of the following is the CORRECT list of traits in the Five-Factor model?

Strength, honesty, openness, respect, expectations (SHORE)

Openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism (OCEAN)

Worrisome, adaptable, venerable, extroverted, stable (WAVES)

Bravery, eagerness, adaptability, cheerfulness, honesty (BEACH)

Question 18. The trait theory that explains personality in terms of openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism is called the _____.

Cattell and Eysenck model

Five-Factor model

factor analysis theory

BEACH theory

Question 19. According to Bandura, _____involves a person's belief about whether he or she can successfully engage in behaviors related to personal goals.

self-actualization

self-esteem

self-congruence

self-efficacy

Question 20. Unconditional positive regard is a Rogerian term for _____.

accepting any and all behavior as a positive manifestation of self-actualization

phenomenological congruence

positive behavior toward a person without attaching any contingencies

nonjudgmental listening

 

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