Week 1: Cardiovascular Clinical Case
52 year old Irish American Male that was hospitalized 2 weeks ago for a stent placement. Presenting to your clinic today for follow up as he has not felt well. He sates he has been lightheaded and felt palpitations of his heart. He has also had shortness of breath the last 2 days.
Walks 2 miles daily and rides an exercise bicycle 3 times a week; has previously felt the palpitations associated with exercise that usually went away with rest; 2 days ago while washing dishes he began to feel shortness of breath and felt that his heart was “racing”; He hoped the palpitations would go away but they have continued and that is why he is here today.
History of hypertension for 10 years, hyperlipidemia for 5 year, status post stent placement 2 weeks ago, and rheumatic heart disease (mitral valve) as a child. He reports adhering to a low cholesterol low fat diet for the last 2 years.
Past Surgical History
Stent placement 2 weeks ago.
Social: Smoked 15 pack/year X 20 years. Quit 5 years ago.
Lisinopril 20 mg PO QD
Furosemide 20 mg PO QD
Gemfibrozil 600 mg PO BID
BP 160/90 (clinic visit 2 months ago 155/85) HR 146, RR 22, T 98.6 F, Wt 254, Ht 5’ 7”
Gen: Well developed male in moderate distress. HEENT: PERRLA, (-) JVDm mild AV nicking. Cardio: Rate irregularly irregular, no murmurs or gallops. Chest: Clear to auscultation. Abd: soft, non-tender, active bowel sounds. GU: Deferred. Rectal: Normal. EXT: No edema, normal pulses throughout. NEURO: A&O X3.
Laboratory and Diagnostic Testing
Na - 136
K - 4.5
Cl - 97
BUN - 20
Cr - 1.2
Total Chol- 240
INR – 1.1
Chest Xray - Clear
ECG – Atrial Fibrillation, no P waves, variable R-R interval normal QRS