The establishment of Jim Crow laws in the South was enacted to segregate black people from white people. The rationale behind these laws was separate but equal. Homer Plessy was from Louisiana and was one eighth black. He decided to ride in the whites section on a train when he was asked to move to the colored car he refused and was subsequently arrested. Civil Rights activists brought the case to the Supreme Court after losing in the lower courts. The landmark case Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) would ultimately be the start of racial discrimination.