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Unlike other industrialized countries, the U.S. has not adopted globally accepted principles for privacy protection, such as the 2013 OECD guidelines, in privacy legislation at the federal level.
However, the principles reflected in these guidelines have influenced a number of federal and state privacy laws impacting health care in what is called a "sectoral approach."
Please describe this approach, provide examples of such laws, and explain what they regulate.
Federal privacy law is typically associated with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). However, if you look at the letter of the law, you won’t really find privacy provisions there.
The regulations we’ve come to know as the HIPAA Privacy Rule have evolved incrementally, as regulatory issuances rather than federal law passed by Congress. The HITECH Act of 2009 brought substantive changes to the HIPAA Privacy Rule, however, focusing primarily on tightening enforcement.
Please summarize these "Omnibus Rule" changes, when they went into effect, and their impact on patient and consumer privacy rights