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Liberty University PHIL 201 quiz 2 complete solutions A+++
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1. Identify the following type of argument: If Frank goes to the store, then Ben will go to the library. Frank went to the store, so Ben went to the library. –
2. It is possible for an argument to be valid and all the premises to be false.
3. We know that the laws of logic are self-evident and undeniable because-
4. Propositions are evaluated according to their-
5. In a valid deductive argument the conclusion follows necessarily from the premises-
6. Identify the fallacy: There are more churches in New York City than in any other city in the USA. New York City also has the highest amount of violent crime than any other city. It’s pretty obvious that to relieve the crime problem we should reduce the churches.-
7. Identify the fallacy: He’s the third student I’ve caught cheating on the test. It just proves that you can’t trust students these days.-
8. This fallacy occurs when an argument is distorted to an extreme and becomes a false imitation of the original argument
9. One should avoid using emotional language in an argument as it usually distorts and misleads the argument:-
10. The fallacy that applies a double standard without warrant is called:-
11. In the best explanation approach, illumination-
12. Tactically which of the following should we do first in our analysis of an argument:-
13. Plausibility is the aspect of a best explanation approach that:-
14. A positive/negative approach is the weakest approach to take in presenting an argument:-
15. Of the two basic ways to structure an argument, the best way is to state the conclusion first and then offer the premises.
16. An inductive argument include is measured in degrees of probability.-
17. An argument where one gathers identical particular instances and arrives at a common conclusion.-
18. The conclusion is the most important part of the argument.-
19. Deductive arguments are judged as valid or invalid.
20. Type of argument that begins with a problem with an unknown explanation, forms a theory and tests the theory.-
21. Identify the following kind of argument: All philosophers are good looking. All good looking individuals are intelligent. Therefore all philosophers are intelligent. –
22. A mixed hypothetical syllogism in which the premise denies the consequent is called-
23. The first and perhaps most primary law of logic is:
24. According to the reading, even God cannot create a contradiction. –
25. The Latin phrase that means “it does not follow” is:
26. This fallacy argues erroneously from the whole to each of the parts:
27. A well-known fallacy that is usually the result of ambiguous grammatical construction is called:
28. The fallacy of equivocation occurs when the meaning of a significant term changes in the middle of an argument.-
29. Identify the fallacy: the Bible says we should do to others what we would have them to do for us. Therefore I have no problem sharing the questions and answers of this quiz with another student. –
30. The explanation that can be understood with the least amount of effort, vagueness, and ambiguity has the best:
31. One way to resolve the problem of conflicting authorities is to:
32. The first element of a good argument is that it has:
33. The principle of simplicity says we should try to simplify complex arguments. –
34. Knowing the main point of the argument will help me find the conclusion. –
35. An argument may be evaluated as “true” or “false”.-
36. Invalid deductive arguments are the same as inductive arguments. –
37. In a deductive syllogism, if the premises are true and the conclusion is true, then the argument is valid. –
38.
39. If an argument is sound, it means-
40. We know that the laws of logic are self-evident and undeniable because
41. Propositions are evaluated according to their-
42. If one agrees with the conclusion of an argument then it is a good argument
43. No inductive argument can arrive at a logically certain conclusion, i.e. in which the conclusion is necessarily true.
44. Slippery slope and straw man are really doing the same thing, just in a different order.
45. A fallacy of ambiguity:
46. This fallacy is sometimes referred to as the false dilemma:
47. In the best explanation approach, illumination:
48. Occam’s razor says:
49. A best explanation approach is often the best way to argue because many issues in philosophy do not have perfect solutions:
50. A sound deductive argument could be mostly valid:
51. If you have enough evidence you can be logically certain of a conclusion arrived at inductively:

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