According to Zalman,” many have argued that a jury trial is not the most efficient or effective method of separating the guilty from the innocent; nevertheless, it is embedded in American culture and is guaranteed by Article III and by the Sixth and Seventh Amendments of the U.S. Constitution, as well as by every state constitution. (Zalman, Ch. 11) ” The purpose of a jury trial is to determine the defendant’s legal guilt or innocence. The steps in a jury trial are carefully structuralized based on precedence and legal procedures. The Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees the right to a speedy trial, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to an unbiased jury. Most people who are arrested never make it to a trial. They usually admit to guilt and accept a plea bargain in efforts to avoid a lengthy trial and receive a more lenient sentence. Nevertheless, when there is a trial certain procedures must be followed. These procedures will be identified and defined below.