The following paper is that of a required assignment from the author’s Introduction to Cultural Anthropology class. The topic of this paper is that of early centuries foraging and horticulturists’ societies and the social and cultural structures of these bands and/or tribes who lived by these structures. One key part of those structures was termed as “kinship”. This paper will present information that is factual and is supported by reference material of renowned experts in the field of Anthropology and Culture Anthropology and the author. Discussion will be of kinship and how it is structured in the Iroquois social and culture structures in their daily life. It will be determined by the reader of the multi-meaning terminology of kinship and the importance of its existence in the Iroquois and other cultures of pre-millennium time. In comparison to todays’ Western World societies there are still some similarities present.