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HCP -0530 Fall 2016 Exam Ch 10 (A++++ Answer)
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Chapter 10: Emotional Development

QUESTION 1
1. Which of the following statements about research on emotions is true?
The relationship between emotion and cognition is bidirectional.
Emotions are unrelated to either attention or memory.
Older children express their emotions more freely and openly than younger children.
It is almost impossible to control one s own emotional expressions.
5 points 
QUESTION 2
1. Depressed mothers
generally use consistent discipline techniques.
engage in emotionally positive, responsive caregiving.
rarely respond favorably to antidepressant medication.
view their children more negatively than independent observers do.
5 points 
QUESTION 3
1. Erica has confidence in her own ability to control events in her surroundings. Erica has developed
a sense of self-efficacy.
emotional self-regulation.
joint attention.
effortful control.
5 points 
QUESTION 4
1. __________ are universal in humans and other primates and have a long evolutionary history of promoting survival.
Separation and stranger anxiety
Feelings of pride and envy
Basic emotions
Feelings of guilt and shame
5 points 
QUESTION 5
1. In infants, expressions of _______ are less common than expressions of __________.
fear; sadness
happiness; sadness
sadness; anger
anger; shame
5 points 
QUESTION 6
1. Joshua, who is a friendly baby, begins showing signs of fear at about 8 months whenever an unfamiliar person enters the room. Joshua is exhibiting
stranger anxiety.
insecure attachment.
separation anxiety.
avoidant attachment.
5 points 
QUESTION 7
1. Which of the following is a self-conscious emotion?
guilt
anger
fear
happiness
5 points 
QUESTION 8
1. Preschoolers are able to
recognize that people can experience more than one emotion at a time.
pick up strategies for regulating emotions by watching adults handle their own feelings.
give coherent explanations of emotions that emphasize internal states.
consider conflicting cues when explaining the emotions of others.
5 points 
QUESTION 9
1. When alone, Kajsa abbreviates her emotional expressions, representing them internally. She reserves the full performance of emotional expressions for communicating with others. Kajsa is probably between the ages of
12 and 18 months.
2 and 3 years.
4 and 5 years.
6 and 8 years.
5 points 
QUESTION 10
1. Some researchers claim that young babies respond in kind to others emotions through a built-in, automatic process of
scaffolding.
effortful control.
social referencing.
emotional contagion.
5 points 
QUESTION 11
1. Preschoolers whose parents _____________ are better able to judge others emotions when later tested.
explicitly teach them about diverse emotions
have trouble regulating their own emotions
discourage sibling disputes
stifle emotional displays
5 points 
QUESTION 12
1. Beginning in the preschool years, _________ is an important motivator of altruistic behavior.
guilt
anxiety
empathy
fear
5 points 
QUESTION 13
1. Between the ages of 1 and 2 years, children
detect emotions by matching the caregiver s feeling tone in face-to-face communication.
begin to engage in social referencing.
begin to appreciate that others emotional reactions may differ from their own.
can reconcile conflicting cues when explaining others emotions.
5 points 
QUESTION 14
1. Maurizio is inactive, shows mild, low-key reactions to environmental stimuli, is negative in mood, and adjusts slowly to new experiences. According to Thomas and Chess, Maurizio is a(n) __________ child.
easy
disorganized
difficult
slow-to-warm-up5 points 
QUESTION 15
1. In which of Thomas and Chess s dimensions of temperament is the energy level of response, such as laughing, crying, talking, or gross-motor activity, measured?
threshold of responsiveness
adaptability
intensity of reaction
approach/withdrawal
5 points 
QUESTION 16
1. In the first few weeks of life, the _________ of shy children are consistently _________ than those of sociable children.
blood pressure levels; lower
heart rates; higher
cortisol levels; lower
body temperatures; higher
5 points 
QUESTION 17
1. Because Alice s inhibited disposition interfered with learning and getting along with others, Alice s mother gently but consistently counteracted Alice s maladaptive style. Alice s mother demonstrates
emotion-centered coping.
effortful control.
goodness of fit.
a nonshared environment.
5 points 
QUESTION 18
1. In John Bowlby s preattachment phase,
infants respond differently to a familiar caregiver than to a stranger.
babies do not mind being left with an unfamiliar adult.
babies display separation anxiety.
children negotiate with the caregiver, using requests and persuasion to alter their goals.
5 points 
QUESTION 19
1. Baby Wesley uses his nanny as a secure base from which to explore. Wesley is in Bowlby s ____________ phase.
preattachment
reciprocal relationship
attachment-in-the-making
clear-cut attachment
5 points 
QUESTION 20
1. One-year-old Lamar stays close to his mother, fails to explore, and is distressed when she leaves the room. Upon his mother's return, Lamar clings to her with angry behavior, crying, and screaming despite her efforts to comfort him. Lamar is demonstrating ________ attachment.
disorganized/disoriented
resistant
avoidant
secure
5 points 
QUESTION 21
1. Compared with the Strange Situation, the Attachment Q-Sort
is less suitable for preschool children than infants.
fails to capture the complexity of the parent child relationship.
is less time consuming.
taps a wider array of attachment-related behaviors.
5 points 
QUESTION 22
1. When considering cultural variations in attachment development, which of the following statements is true?
The secure pattern is the most common attachment quality in all societies studied.
Infants in Israeli kibbutzim frequently show avoidant attachment.
Japanese infants rarely show resistant attachment.
German infants tend to be more securely attached than American babies.
5 points 
QUESTION 23
1. Parents with _____________ internal working models talk about their childhood experiences with highly charged emotion, sometimes expressing anger toward their parents.
unresolved
dismissing
autonomous/secure
preoccupied
5 points 
QUESTION 24
1. Which of the following statements regarding the Aka hunters and gatherers of Central Africa is true?
Aka fathers rarely pick up, cuddle, or play with their babies.
The bond between Aka husband and wife is unusually cooperative and leads to loving interaction between the father and the children.
Aka fathers spend little time in physical proximity to their babies.
Marital dissatisfaction in the Aka culture is associated with sensitive paternal care.
5 points 
QUESTION 25
1. In a large study by the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Development, part-time maternal employment during the baby s first year was associated with
defiance and aggression.
lower social skills.
insecure attachment in the Strange Situation.
greater maternal sensitivity.

 

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  • HCP -0530 Fall 2016 Exam Ch 10 (A++++ Answer)
    $20.00

    Question Chapter 10: Emotional Development QUESTION 1 1. Which of the following statements about research on emotions is true? The relationship between emotion and cognition is bidirectional. Emotions are unrelated to either attention or memory. Older children express their emotions more freely and openly than younger children. It is almost impo

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