Question details

LEG 500 Final Exam Part 1&2
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Question 1

Which of the following statements best illustrates the view of “utilitarianism”?
I.          From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.
II.         The risk reasonably to be perceived defines the duty to be obeyed and risks imports relation; it is risk to another or to others within the range of apprehension.
III.       An action is right when maximizing welfare and total well-being.
IV.       Individuals should pursue his or her own self-interest, even at the expense of others.

Correct Answer:

 

III only

 

Question 2

The best example of a source for virtue ethics for a business is

Correct Answer:

the corporate mission statement.

 

Question 3

According to Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which of the following is not a reason to allow corporations the right to spend money and advertise for political candidates?

Correct Answer:

The immense wealth of a corporation allows it to be the most accurate in providing messages to people. 

 

Question 4

Which of the following views on outsourcing would be consistent with the free market ethics approach advocated by Milton Friedman?

Correct Answer:

Outsourcing enhances competitiveness, modernization, and bigger market opportunities.

 

Question 5

Corporate director or officer decisions to dedicate corporate  funds for social causes is called:

Correct Answer:

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

 

Question 6

Under the legal doctrine of “employment at will” an employee can be lawfully terminated from her job for:
I.          wearing a shirt that clashes with her suit
II.         any non-discriminatory reason
III.       complaining about illegal activity in the workplace
IV.       only for good cause

Correct Answer:

I and II

 

Question 7

In the essay, Work Matters, by law professor Marion Crain, all of the following are the result of working except:

Correct Answer:

People stay out of jail.

 

Question 8

Exceptions to the rule of employment-at-will include which of the following?
I.          organization of unions
II.         passage of Sarbanes Oxley Act
III.       raising of public policy issues
IV.       promise of implied-contract  or covenant-of-good-faith

Correct Answer:

I, II, III, IV

 

 

Question 9

The Constitution does not always protect free-speech rights for what public employees say on the job.  Which of the following is true?

Correct Answer:

Public employees may speak out on matters of public concern and have First Amendment protection but not when they speak out in the course of their official duties.

 

Question 10

To determine whether a public employee receives First Amendment protection from speech (and therefore cannot be fired for it), the Supreme Court has stated that all of the following are important except:

Correct Answer:

The speech cannot be about political topics.

 

Question 11

As Facebook and other social media sites grow in users and popularity

Correct Answer:

Many user’s have been unhappy with the privacy policies of the sites.

 

Question 12

One reason employers use to justify giving honesty or integrity tests is:

Correct Answer:

Employee theft is a tremendous expense each year and employers believe that these tests will remove the largest potential offenders.

 

 

 

Question 13

The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA):

Correct Answer:

fails to protect employees in most situations involving e-mail monitoring by public and private employers.

 

Question 14

In considering the legality of employer interception of employee e-mails at work, pick the correct statement.
I.          Employees have complete expectation of privacy since they can select their password for in-house and remote access of e-mails.
II.         A subpoena is required by the employer to read any e-mail that is clearly marked “confidential” by the employee.
III.       No expectation of privacy exists over an employer-owned computer system at work. 
IV.       Statement by the employer that e-mails are confidential and privileged cannot be later used by an employer to defeat an employee’s claim of privacy

Correct Answer:

III only

 

Question 15

A majority of states have enacted "lifestyle rights laws" that protect workers' off-duty activities including cases of smoking, cohabitation, drinking. and single parenthood.  What is the least effective argument by an employer to regulate off-the-clock activities in a state that has not enacted such lifestyle rights legislation?

Correct Answer:

There is no invasion of privacy since the employee is “at will.”

 

Question 16

Equal protection is the constitutional guarantee:

Correct Answer:

embodied in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

 

Question 17 

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