Between the ages of two and seven, children in the preoperational stage are continuously investigating the environments in which they are in, both “through direct experience with objects” (Bojczyk, Shriner, & Shriner, 2012, Chapter 5.1) and the interactions that they have with others. Preoperational children see these experiences through what is known as an egocentric lenses, “which affects the way they develop understanding and build their schemas” (Bojczyk et al., 2012, Chapter 5.1). Children receive and acquire their attitudes and beliefs in different ways. One of these ways comes from their microsystem, hence, the immediate group that children are around that will immediately have influence on that child’s development like; family members, teachers, as well as their peers. In addition, understanding how these microsystems can affect a child’s socialization and development of their attitudes and beliefs is also important. By understanding how children process and receive these messages, we can have a better understanding of their cognitive development, therefore, assuming a part in helping shape their attitudes and beliefs.
During the preoperational stage, children’s learning is