Question 1 of 20
All of the following effects are observed as a result of caffeine withdrawal EXCEPT for ______.
B. impaired concentration
C. a tingling in the fingers
Question 2 of 20
Filtered cigarettes _______.
A. contained a lower-tar blend of tobacco in them
B. were a major step toward improving the health consequences of smoking
C. gave the illusion of improving the health consequences of smoking
D. were the beginning of an improvement in the health of smokers in the U.S.
Question 3 of 20
Smoking cessation _______.
A. results in a recovery of several aspects of one's health status
B. results in a further deterioration of one's health status
C. results in essentially no change in one's health status
D. results in a complete recovery of one's health status within a matter of days
Question 4 of 20
Adenosine produces all of the following effects except _______.
A. lowered heart rate
B. slowing down of the body's reaction to stress
D. dilation of bronchial passageways
Question 5 of 20
The most striking cases in which caffeine improves performance are in tasks _______.
A. that are exciting and challenging
B. taken on in the morning
C. that 9involve verbal skills
D. that are boring and repetitive
Question 6 of 20
Each day, _____ people in the United States die as a result of cigarette smoking.
Question 7 of 20
In the 1998 tobacco settlement, tobacco corporations agreed to _______.
A. go out of business by 2014
B. ban all sales of tobacco products in the United States
C. pay $15 million to the states
D. refrain from marketing tobacco products to those under eighteen
Question 8 of 20
About 60 milligrams of nicotine _______.
A. are found in approximately a half-pack of cigarettes
B. would be ingested from two or three cigarettes
C. is the minimal effective dose for relaxation
D. can quickly kill a healthy human adult
Question 9 of 20
Compared to white smokers, African-American smokers _______.
A.smoke fewer cigarettes and carry a lower risk of tobacco-related disorders
B.smoke more cigarettes and carry a higher risk of tobacco-related disorders
C.smoke more cigarettes, but carry a lower risk of tobacco-related disorders
D.smoke fewer cigarettes, but carry a higher risk of tobacco-related disorders
Question 10 of 20
Currently, caffeine consumption is suspected to be linked to _____.
B. infertility and low birthweight
C. low birthweight and miscarriage
D. irritable bowel syndrome
Question 11 of 20
The ingestion of highly caffeinated energy drinks mixed with alcohol _____
A. will not reduce alcohol intoxication.
B. reduces a person's perception of intoxication.
C. Neither A nor B
D. Both A and B
Question 12 of 20
John is a smoker. He just finished his last cigarette about six hours ago. Which of the following symptoms
is John most likely to encounter?
A. stomach cramps
B. decreased heart rate
C. increased blood pressure
D. increased ability to concentrate
Question 13 of 20
Caffeine consumption in young people can aid in the treatment of _______.
A.attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Question 14 of 20
Environmental tobacco smoke _______.
A. dissipates in a matter of minutes
B. changes its character once it diffuses into the air
C. fails to affects families of smokers
D. affects anyone in an enclosed space
Question 15 of 20
The World Health Organization estimates that, in the twentieth century, _____ million people died prematurely of tobacco-related diseases.
Question 16 of 20
According to the University of Michigan survey, the peak years when smokers start to smoke are
A.during the fourth and fifth grades
B.during the sixth and seventh grades
C.during the ninth and tenth grades
D.during senior year in high school
Question 17 of 20
Caffeine from a cup of coffee or tea is absorbed _______.
A. almost immediately upon drinking the beverage
B. five to ten minutes after drinking
C. thirty to sixty minutes after drinking
D. one to two hours after drinking
Question 18 of 20
One of the strategies in marketing cigarettes to women was the claim that they could be _____.
A. useful as a laxative
B. a weight-control aid
C. an alternative to common housecleaning products
D. excellent for household pest control
Question 19 of 20
The total xanthine content of a one-ounce piece of chocolate is roughly equivalent to _______.
A. ten milligrams of caffeine
B. a five-ounce cup of medium brewed tea
C. a twelve-ounce can of Coca-Cola
D. a five-ounce cup of instant coffee
Question 20 of 20
The caffeine content of a 5-ounce cup of coffee is about _____ milligrams, with instant coffee having _______.