Race: physical characteristics::ethnicity:
A. actual characteristics
B. cultural characteristics
C. environmental characteristics
D. emotional characteristics
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a formal organization?
A. A formal hierarchy includes leaders or people who are “in charge.”
B. Norms governing social relationships specify the members’ rights.
C. Social statues and roles are organized around shared expectations and goals.
D. Social structure is informal and contingent upon the members’ experiences.
Wright Mills introduced the concept of the “sociological imagination.” He used this term to describe the connection between:
A. history and the physical environment.
B. historical issues and biography.
C. biography and the physical environment.
D. man and biography.
20. At the Barkley Company, there are forty employees. Addison is the President and CEO. Below her, Jack and Ross are managers. The thirty-seven others work below the managers in the storeroom or on the show floor. Which of Weber’s ideal characteristics does this scenario exemplify?
A. Explicit written rules and regulations
C. Hierarchy of authority
D. Division of labor and specialization
Riley, a medical assistant, earns $49,000 annually. She decided to move from the emergency department to the pediatrics department for about the same salary. Riley has experienced:
A. intergenerational mobility.
B. horizontal mobility.
C. intragenerational mobility.
D. vertical mobility.
Opposition to same-sex marriage is highest among which of the following groups?
Persons age 55 and older
Persons who live in the North West
Persons age 40-54
Persons who live on the East coast
Which social class is known as the one that most American’s classify themselves as including those with annual incomes below $20,000 and those with annual incomes above $150,000?
A. Middle class
B. Under class
C. Working class
D. Upper class
Which of the following is NOT a sexual orientation?
Which of the following, created in 1978, made it illegal for employers to fire, demote, or penalize a pregnant employee?
A. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act
B. Equal Pay Act
C. Pregnancy Discrimination Act
D. Fertility Enhancement Act
The hierarchical ranking of people who have different access to valued resources is referred to as:
C. social networking.
D. social stratification.
Stephanie is a best-selling author of children’s books. While she makes a very good income, she has very little power or prestige. This is an example of:
A. role reversal.
B. status conflict.
C. status inconsistency.
D. role conflict.
Sociologists use which of the following dimensions as indicators of social stratification?
Your sociology class this semester is an example of a/an:
A. primary group.
C. secondary group.
D. ideal group.
More prestigious occupations require:
A. less technical training than low prestige occupations.
B. less abstract thought than low prestige occupations.
C. more formal education than low prestige occupations.
D. more technical training than low prestige occupations.
Pam was inviting children to her daughter’s birthday party. She invited all of her neighbors, except the new family, the Chos, who recently moved from South Korea. By not inviting the Cho family, Pam exhibited:
Bryan’s mother taught him to be kind and honest. When faced with the opportunity for dishonesty, Bryan remembered his mother’s words and was honest. What does Bryan’s behavior illustrate?
A. Informal social controls
B. External social controls
C. Formal social controls
D. Internal social controls
Language, geographic roots, traditions, and religion are all components of:
Which of the following statements about crime is true?
A. Property crime is more prevalent than violent crime.
B. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes
C. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes
D. There are more arrests for violent crimes than for property crimes
Men are _________ likely to be victim of a homicide, robbery, or aggravated assault than women.
C. Slightly less
Gender identity is typically developed:
A. early in life.
B. during young adulthood.
C. after puberty.
E. during adolescents.
The terms “society” and “culture” are:
A. mutually dependent.
C. mutually exclusive.
D. literal opposites.
When her father gets mad at her mother, Ellen’s father yells at her mother. Now, when Ellen gets mad, she yells. This is an example of:
A. primary socialization.
C. indirect learning.
D. secondary socialization.
When are crime and deviance dysfunctional?
A. They erode trust in formal relationships
B. They dissolve tensions
C. They create trust in poor relationships
D. They provide temporary safety
Marlin is a 33 year-old male and an avid swimmer. He has competed in several national championships. Marlin is also the father of three young children, and is married to Peggy, a computer engineer. Marlin and Peggy live in the suburbs and own a nice home. What type of status is Marlin’s gender?
Every ten years, the U.S. Census Bureau mails forms to every home in the United States to collect federally mandated data. Which data collection methods is the Census Bureau using?
A. Field research
C. Secondary Analysis
D. Evaluation research