A(n) ____ is a formal group of people responsible for approving or rejecting changes to a project.
The project procurement management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activity of administering procurements.
d. monitoring and controlling
The first step in determining the NPV is to ____.
a. determine the estimated costs and benefits for the life of the project and the products it produces
b. determine the discount rate
c. calculate the net present value
d. determine the cash flow
Some people say that ____ achieve the vision of a project.
4 out of 4 points
A(n) ____ is a document that formally recognizes the existence of a project and provides direction on the project’s objectives and management.
a. balanced scorecard
b. business case
c. net present value analysis
d. project charter
Many companies have realized that information technology is integral to their business and have created a vice president or equivalent-level position for the head of information technology, often called the ____.
The ____ model uses an approach in which developers work with an evolving prototype.
a. incremental build life cycle
b. waterfall life cycle
c. RAD life cycle
d. spiral life cycle
During ____ processes for a new project, the organization recognizes that a new project exists, and completes a project charter as part of this recognition.
The ____ should list and describe all of the deliverables required for the project.
The goal of ____ is to influence the factors that cause scope changes, assure changes are processed according to procedures developed as part of integrated change control, and manage changes when they occur.
The project scope management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activities of scope verification and scope control.
d. monitoring and controlling
The ____ model requires heavy user involvement, and developers use a model to generate functional requirements and physical design specifications simultaneously.
a. RAD life cycle
b. prototyping life cycle
c. spiral life cycle
d. incremental build life cycle
In the ____ stage, organizations tie information technology strategy to mission and vision of organization and identify key business areas.
a. Project Planning
b. Business Area Analysis
c. Resource Allocation
d. Information Technology Strategy Planning
A ____ is a collection of project phases.
a. project life cycle
b. project feasibility
c. project planning cycle
d. project acquisition
A ____ is a meeting held at the beginning of a project so that stakeholders can meet each other, review the goals of the project, and discuss future plans.
a. kick-off party
b. launch meeting
c. kick-off meeting
d. project launch meeting
____ include defining and authorizing a project or project phase.
a. Initiating processes
b. Planning processes
c. Executing processes
d. Monitoring and controlling processes
____ project management software integrates information from multiple projects to show the status of active, approved, and future projects across an entire organization.
Projects that address ____ are much more likely to be successful because they will be important to the organization.
a. a balanced scorecard
b. a weighted scoring model
c. broad organizational needs
d. net present value
During the Cold War years of the 1950s and ’60s, ____ continued to be key in refining several project management techniques.
b. the military
c. steel manufacturing
d. marine biology
____ is a set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterize the functioning of an organization.
a. Organizational politics
b. Organizational philosophy
c. Organizational culture
d. Organizational structure
Project managers have the least amount of authority in a pure ____.
a. functional organizational structure
b. project organizational structure
c. matrix organizational structure
d. circular organizational structure
In a ____ matrix organizational structure, the project manager controls the project budget and has moderate to high authority.
The project schedule information section of the project management plan might include ____.
a. a detailed budget
b. key deliverables
c. a detailed schedule
d. project staffing
According to the Standish group, which of the following factors contributes most to the success of information technology projects?
a. Executive support
b. User involvement
c. Experienced project manager
d. Clear business objectives
Achieving high performance on projects requires ____, otherwise called human relations skills.
a. capital skills
b. soft skills
c. light skills
d. hard skills