In the past, how did criminologists view crime victims?
As an indirect role in a criminal incident.
As merely the passive targets of a criminal’s anger or greed.
As fully responsible for the criminal incident.
As an active role in the incident.
Which of the following is considered an indirect or intangible cost of crime?
Pain and suffering
Legal defense costs
The cost of psychological counseling
The cost of the damaged property
How many murders are committed each year in the United States?
Victims of __________ crime are most deeply affected, fearing a repeat of their attack.
People who are crime victims are ___________ likely to commit crimes themselves.
People living ___________ are more likely to be vandalized.
On military bases
In rural areas
In suburban communities
Victim precipitation can be either:
Scientific or empirical
Active or passive
Encouraged or discouraged
Instigated or non-responsive
Most crime victims are people who are simply in the wrong place at the wrong time.
Crime victims are more likely than non-victims to commit crimes.
Only adult victims are at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).