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Five types of power.
Legitimate power is the power that stems from a formal management position
in an organization and the authority granted to it.
Eg: being a manager of a department the individual can direct his/her employees to
Reward power is the power that results from the authority to bestow rewards
on other people.
Eg: if employees have contributed to the profit of organization, they will be rewarded in
terms of bonuses, salary increases.
Coercive power is the power that stems from the authority to punish or
Eg: the manager will punish employee who are lazy and cannot perform expected.
Expert power is the power that stems from special knowledge of or skill in the
tasks performed by subordinates.
Eg: when the leader is a true expert, subordinates go along with recommendations
because of his/her superior knowledge.
Referent power is the power that results from characteristics that command
subordinates’ identification with, respect and admiration for, and desire to emulate the
Eg: when workers admire a supervisor because of the way she deals with them, the
influence is based on referent power.
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