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BIOL 101 Study Guide Quiz 8 Liberty University complete Answers | Rated A+
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BIOL 101 Study Guide Quiz 8 Liberty University complete Answers | Rated A+

 

Study Guide: Quiz 8

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14

An Infinity of Diversity

 

14.1

The Challenge of Classifying Life’s Diversity

 

 

A problem that confounds attempts to organize the entire living world for study is that it is unknown how many separate ____________ of life forms exist on this planet.

 

 

A problem that confounds attempts to organize the entire living world for study is that there are too many organisms with too much overlapping ____________ to support a simple means of classification.

 

 

A problem that confounds attempts to organize the entire living world for study is the need of evolutionists to bring the entire diversity of living things ultimately into ____________ ____________.

 

14.2

Classification: Engaging the Challenge

 

 

Seeking to scientifically name each variety of life form found and relate it to other similar species is a discipline known as ____________.

 

 

The term ____________ refers to attempts to derive a biologically meaningful filing system for organizing genera and species.

 

 

What criteria are used for collecting species of organisms into a genus?

 

 

Compared to a species, a ____________ is more inclusive, with broader structural and functional variations.

 

 

Be able to properly write the scientific name for human beings according to the rules for naming species.

 

 

The convention used for representing scientific names for newly discovered species is that ____________ root words are used in order to name the organism’s primary ____________ ____________.

 

 

List these 4 taxonomic levels in their correct order, from least inclusive to most inclusive: species, genus, family, order

 

 

List these 5 taxonomic levels in their correct order, from least inclusive to most inclusive: family, order, class, phylum, kingdom

 

14.3

Characteristics Used in Classification

 

 

List and describe 7 basic characteristics used to classify living things.

 

14.4

Using Characteristics: Priorities and Presuppositions

 

 

The state of flux in modern systematic groupings could best be described as/seen in a variety of conflicting kingdom or ____________ structures.

 

 

List 2 currently accepted classification schemes shared in your text. Each scheme attempts to take in all known organisms.

 

 

In the mind of evolutionary theorists, separate clades (large groups) derived from a single common ____________ at the point where clade lineages meet.

 

 

In the minds of design theorists, separate clades (large groups) derived from separate ____________ in the Mind of a Designer.

 

14.5

Using Characteristics to Derive Groups

 

 

List the names of 10 groups of living organisms and a representative species of organism belonging to each group.

 

 

List 10 small sets of defining characteristics that can be used to place organisms within each of the 10 groups.

 

 

 

 

15

Ecology: Interactivity by Design

 

 

Your textbook describes two sequential ____________ of interaction between organisms and their environments that have existed since God’s creative work began.

 

15.1

Thinking like an Ecologist: Exploring a Lake

 

 

Name the 3 zones of life found in a lake.

 

 

The phytoplankton of a lake would be found in highest numbers in the ____________ zone.

 

 

During the springtime, a light wind blowing across a lake will foster the process of lake overturn. This timely event will bring together accumulated ____________ with living ____________.

 

 

Explain how the unusual relative densities of water and ice are critical to the viability of life in a deep lake.

 

15.2

Hierarchical Organization in Ecology

 

 

List the names of several different levels of organization at which ecology is studied.

 

 

Studying competition between the Peaks of Otter salamander and the Eastern redback salamander would be an example of studying ecology at the ____________ level.

 

 

At which of the levels of organization listed above can the Peaks of Otter salamander be studied?

 

15.3

Organismal Ecology

 

 

The functional role of a species within its habitat is referred to as its ____________.

 

 

An area providing cool, moist conditions with rocks and decaying logs at an appropriate elevation and rainfall level constitutes a good ____________ for the Peaks of Otter salamander.

 

15.5

Community Ecology

 

 

A relationship between individuals of two species in which members of one species are benefited and members of the other species are unaffected is termed ____________.

 

 

The relationship between the wildebeest and Thompson’s gazelle represents a good example of commensalism.

 

 

Interspecific Competition

 

 

Define the phrase “interspecific competition” in terms of how the species within its relationship are affected.

 

 

Explain why young Balanus barnacles cannot compete with Chthamalus barnacles in higher intertidal regions.

 

 

How do species of warblers (birds) living in the same general region minimize their interspecific competition?

 

 

One Species Benefits and the Other is Adversely Affected

 

 

Baleen whales use ____________ to prey on herring fish.

 

 

Thorns, toxic products of metabolism, fuzzy structures, and predator satiation are all defense tactics that what large group of organisms use to keep from being preyed upon?

 

 

When a species of fly has a bold coloration very similar to that of an unpalatable (stinging) yellow jacket, the fly’s “strategy” is termed ____________ ____________.

 

 

Both Species Benefit

 

 

The best term to describe the species-species interaction between Pseudomyrmex ants and the bullhorn acacia plant would be ____________.

 

 

In the human and greater honeyguide mutualism, how is the honeyguide bird benefited?

 

15.7

A Final Word about Our Interaction with God’s Household

 

 

Summarize a rationale for why a fallen, decaying created order still needs to be stewarded carefully by its human inhabitants.

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