Module/Week 1: Introduction to Theology
Towns: Introduction & Ch. 1
- How did the term “Christian” originate?
- Who was this book written for?
- Why do some have mistaken ideas about Christianity?
- What year was Jesus born?
- When was Christianity made Rome’s national religion?
- What is the Incarnation?
- Does the Bible states that Jesus was the creator of the world?
- Did Jesus claim to have supernatural origins?
- Who baptized Jesus?
- Did Jesus allow people to worship him?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Introduction & Chs. 1–5
- Why does the author say that everyone is a theologian?
- What areas of our lives are influenced by the way we see God?
- How did Jesus show that he is worthy of our faith?
- Do Christians need to ignore intellect and reason in order to have faith in Jesus?
- What does Jesus teach about truth?
“Understanding the Faith”
- What is more important than the sincerity of your belief?
- What are the six types of faith that describe the believer's relationship to God?
“Prolegomena to Theology”—Pg. 18–24
- What are the four tools for accurately arranging a systematic theology?
- What four questions must we ask about faith?
- What 5 factors can limit our theology?
“The Names of Christ”– Pg. 160–173
- What chapter of the New Testament does the author suggest contains the most names of Jesus?
- Which of God’s names do some scholars think that Jesus is claiming with his “I am” statements?
- What is the term“only begotten” used to describe about Jesus?
- Why does the author think that the Gospel of John calls Jesus the “word”?
- What would Jews think who heard Christ calling Himself the “Son of Man”?
“The Deity of Christ”—Pg. 155–160
- T/F Jesus Christ is the second member of the trinity, is equal with the father in nature and yet submissive in duty.
- T/F Christ was a single and undivided personality.
- T/F Jesus claimed to be one with the father.
- T/F Jesus claimed to have the ability to forgive sins.
- T/F Jesus allowed people to worship him.
- T/F Jesus claimed to have omnipresence, omniscience and omnipotence.
- What does the term “preexistence” mean?
- What does the term “eternality” mean when referring to Christ?
- T/F The fact that Christ allowed people to worship him shows that He thought that he was divine.
Presentation Week One:
Module/Week 2: The Bible
Towns: Ch. 2
- What does dual authorship mean?
- What was the Old Testament written on?
- What are the three divisions of the Old Testament?
- What did the Psalms scroll contain?
- What is a codex?
- Where does the name “Bible” come from?
- Where does the term “Scripture” come from?
- *What are three ways the Bible can influence its reader?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 6–10
- Who is God's revelation available to?
- Is general revelation enough to bring someone to salvation?Why?
- What is the significance of the fact that the words of the Bible were inspired by God?
- Inspiration and Inerrancy apply to which manuscripts?
- What is the discipline that studies the principles and theories of how texts ought to be interpreted?
- What are the three basic steps to understanding the Bible?
“Preservation: Insuring the Authenticity of the Text”—Pg. 73–78
- What is “Textual Criticism”?
- What is “lower Criticism”?
- What is “Higher Criticism”?
“Inspiration: Guaranteeing the Word of Scripture”—Pg. 59–72
- What are the four qualities of inspiration?
- T/F Inspiration incorporates the personality of the writer into the final product.
- What does Conceptual inspiration state was inspired?
- What does partial inspiration state?
- What does limited inspiration state?
- According to the text, what is “Bibliolatry”?Who was accused of it?
- According to the text, about what percent of the New Testament is either quotation or allusion to the Old Testament?What are the 5 arguments for inspiration/inerrancy?
“Canonicity: The Standard for Including Books in Scripture”—Pg. 79–88
- What four criteria determine that a person is a biblical prophet?
- What are the 12 main arguments against adding the Apocrypha to the canon (the Bible)?
“Arguments that the Bible is the Word of God”—Pg. 43–48
- What three arguments are the basis for arguments from revelation?
- What empirical evidence sets Christianity apart from other belief systems?
- Name two sources that establish an early date of scripture.
- What is Revelation?
- What is inspiration?
- What is inerrancy?
- What is the Canon?
- What is hermeneutics?
- What is illumination?
- What does Hebrews 1:1–2 teach about divine revelation?
- What are the two areas of revelation?
- What is natural revelation?
- What is special revelation?
- What is reason?
- What does the Cosmological argument state?
- What 3 things is the Cosmological argument dependent upon?
- What does the Teleological argument state?
- What does the Anthropological argument state?
- What does the Anthropological argument reason?
- What does the ontological argument state?
- What does congruity mean?
- What does the existence of laws imply?
- What does law in society give evidence of?
- The extraordinary claims that the Bible is from God.
Module/Week 3: Mankind and Sin
Towns: Chs. 8 & 10
- What point does the author illustrate with an elephant and 4 blind men?
- Do Moslem leaders claim that Christianity and Islam are alike in that Allah was “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ?”
- What are the 4 questions that Darwinians have not been able to answer?
- What question did the old Presbyterian catechism address first?
- What do Christians believe the source of suffering to be?
- What two reasons does the author suggest that we can know that Christianity actually explains life as we know it?
- What is the relationship to works and salvation?
- Why do Christians do good works?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 11–15
- Does the image of God refer to something a human is or something a human does?
- Being created in the image of God should help to point one another to whom?
- Is the image of God mentioned in both the Old Testament and the New Testament?Yesf.
- What ideas are included in the six different Greek words in the New Testament that talk about sin?
- What does the heart represent in the Bible?
- What are the three aspects of the human personality?
“The Fall of Man”
- Satan began his temptation of Eve by placing doubt in her mind concerning what?
- T/F: Prior to the Fall recorded in Genesis 3, Adam and Eve were all-knowing.
- How much time did Adam and Even spend in Eden before they sinned?
- What did Adam and Even do when God began to question them concerning their sin?
- When Satan tempted Even in the garden, he appealed to what three avenues of temptation?
“Origin of Humanity”—Pg. 556–560
- What are 4 reasons to question evolution?
- What is the difference between an open and closed system?
- What is Fiat Creationism?
- What is Deistic Evolution?
- What is Theistic Evolution?
- What is Progressive Creationism?
- Which two possibilities of Creationism does the author say are closest to scripture?
“Creation in the Image of God”
- T/F: All of creation is created in the image of God.F
- T/F: The image of God in man solely refers to his immaterial nature.T
- T/F: Only Christians maintain the image of God.F
- T/F: The image of God in man was lost as a result of the fall of man.
- What four primary aspects are included in the image of God?
“Essential Elements of Sin”
- What are the two types of sin that exist?
- Does God tempt man to sin?
- Is it a sin to be tempted?No
- What are the four kinds of sin discussed in the article?1. Presumptuous (sin of commission) - Purposely and intentionally rebelling against God’s law, for the simple purpose of disobeying God (i.e., purposely killing another human). 2. Presumptuous (sin of omission) - Intentionally failing to do something (i.e., failing to tithe or help your brother). 3. Ignorance (sin of commission) - Exercising the will to do something, but unconscious of the evil effects (i.e., driving 60 mph in a 45-mph zone). 4. Ignorance (sin of omission) - Unintentionally failing to do something that you should have done (i.e., failing to pay back a debt you had forgotten about).
- What are the spiritual consequences for sin?
“The Material and Immaterial Aspects of Man”
- What terms are usually used to describe the various aspects of the immaterial nature of man?
- The extensive use of which word places it in a position of supreme importance in Biblical psychology?
- T/F: The use of the term “heart” is best understood by simply saying “me.”
- What is the conscience?
- What helps to develop the conscience in man?
- Why is man described as essentially evil?
- T/F: The heart of both the saved and unsaved is capable of being deceived by sin.
- T/F: The heart can be “hardened” because of sin.
- What does it mean to say that the soul-spirit is “amoral”?
Module/Week 4: Jesus Christ
Towns: Chs. 4 & 6
- List the eleven proofs of Christ’s resurrection.
- T/F:Jesus predicted His death and resurrection.
- What does the Greek word proseuchamai mean?
- T/F:The Lord’s Prayer embryonically contains everything a Christian must know and every way that a Christian must pray.
- *Since a Christian has the righteousness of Christ, what should he do daily?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 16–20
- “The making of enemies into friends by averting the punishment that their sin would otherwise incur” defines what word?
- What was the Day of Atonement?
- T/F: One difference between the sacrifices of the Old Testament and the sacrifice of Jesus is that Jesus' sacrificial offering for sin was permanent.
- Understand the significance of the various Greek words used in the New Testament for “redemption.”
- It has been said that the story of the Bible could be summarized with what word?
- Does the Bible affirm that Jesus is both 100 percent God and 100 percent man?
- T/F: The Bible records the virgin birth as a fact?
- What is the central claim of Christianity?
“New Life in Christ”—Pg. 298–307
- What is the term that describes why we have a legal standing by which we are declared righteous before God, and, on the basis of this judicial act, the Christian enjoys the life and peace of God?
- Who is the first person in the Bible described as having been justified by faith?
- According to the excerpt, which two words are linked in Scripture, in that both come from the same word “dikaios?”
- When does Justification occur?
- What four words does Paul use in Romans 6 to aid us in applying this truth to our Christian life?Explain.
- What is Sanctification?
- How do some wrongly define sanctification?
- What is Positional sanctification?
- What is Progressive sanctification?
- What is Prospective sanctification?
“The Virgin Birth of Christ”—Pg. 184–191
- What Old Testament Authors spoke about Christ’s future birth?
- Why is it essential that Christ have been born of a virgin?
- What are the two meanings for the word ‘almah?’
- What does the author believe is the best translation for the word ‘almah’ in Isaiah 7:14?
“The Nature of Resurrection”—Pg. 238–245
- What is the biblical definition of death?
- What did the Roman soldiers do (and not do) that showed that Jesus was dead?
- After Jesus’ resurrection, what became his new responsibilities?
- What were five things that Jesus accomplished through His resurrection?
“The Death of Christ”—Pg. 213–224
- What is “vicarious suffering”?
- What is a “vicar”?
- What does the word “redemption” mean?
- What does the word “propitiation” mean?
- What does “reconciliation” mean?
- What is a “sin nature?”
- What is “imputed sin?”
- T/F The law is a unit; to break one is to break all.
- How is every person a sinner on three counts?
- What is the difference between judicial guilt and personal guilt?
- T/F Man is not reconciled to God through the blood of Christ; rather, the moral and noble life of Christ should compel man to seek after God.
Module/Week 5: Salvation
Towns: Chs. 3 & 5
- According to the author, Christ’s death was
- Where was Jesus crucified?
- What day does the author believe Jesus was crucified?
- What were the two accusations made against Jesus?
- What two men asked to bury Jesus’ body?
- What did the blood and water that Jesus shed show?
- What is a substitutionary death?
- What is a redemptive death?Reconciling death –
- What does propitiation mean?
- According to the Bible, what is conversion?
- What are the three parts of a conversion experience?
- T/F:One can be saved by a choice alone.
- T/F:Feeling remorse over your sin is enough to save you.
- T/F:The terms “regeneration” and “born again” have the same meaning.
- T/F:Conversion is what God does in a sinner’s life.
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 21–25
- Where in the Bible can the idea of regeneration be found?
- What two components could be viewed as salvation from the perspective of the individual?
- What does it mean to be justified?
- How does Grudemdefine Justification?
- Understand the three aspect of sanctification.
- Why is mankind in opposition to God?
- T/F: Repentance and feeling sorry are basically the same thing.
- God provides us with the faith to do what?
“Election and Salvation”—Pg. 426–434
- What are the five points of Calvinism?
- What does “total depravity” mean?
- What is “Unconditional election?”
- What is “Limited atonement?”
- What is “irresistible grace?”
- What does the author give as an alternative to perseverance of the saints?
“What is Conversion”—Pg. 287–298
- What is Regeneration?
- What are the results of Regeneration?
- The term anothen, translated “born again,” can also be translated as what?
- T/F Adam died physically within days of eating the fruit in the Garden.
- T/F As a result of Adam’s sin, everyone is born into the world spiritually dead because of trespasses and sins.
- T/F When a person receives Jesus Christ, he becomes a new creation, and the sin nature is eliminated.
- What are the three steps that the “Roman’s Road” teaches one must know to be save?Explain.
- How is sin like a marathon runner who misses beating a record by three seconds?
- What part does baptism play in the salvation process?
“The Weakness of Arminianism”—Pg. 434–440
- Who originated the theological system of Arminianism?
- Describe the major tenants of the Arminian view.
- What does Arminianism tend to limit its definition of sin to?
- Do Arminians believe in Eternal Security as Baptists do?
“Hell's Best Kept Secret” (audio clip)
- What percentage of converts did the lecturer say he found were falling away from the faith?
- What was the lecturer’s point with his illustration about the 2 men on a plane?
- What was the lecturer’s point concerning Groaninzin’s disease?
- Why does the lecturer suggest that when sharing our faith we should start with the natural and then go to the spiritual?
- According to the lecture, what did John Wycliffe, Martin Luther, John Wesley and Charles Spurgeon have in common in the gospel message?90% Law and 10% Grace
- What does the lecturer suggest NOT to preach in the gospel message?
Module/Week 6: The Church
Towns: Chs. 9 & 11
- What did Jesus say was the Greatest Commandment?
- What did Jesus say was the second greatest commandment?
- Does the Bible refer to a church as a building or a denomination?
- Does the Bible refer to the church as a community of believers?
- What are two benefits of mentoring?
- List and explain the seven pictures the New Testament uses to describe the church.
- What is it about local churches that so many misunderstand Christianity?
- When did Christianity become Rome’s national religion?
- What was the Ulster revival?
- What did European missionaries do wrong in their approach?
- What is “trickle down” influence?
- What is “bubble up” influence?
- Which is more effective, the “trickle down” influence or “bubble up” influence?Why?
- When is a nation considered to be “Christianized”?
- T/F Oikos conversion in the New Testament is the promise that the presence of one Christian in a family guarantees the eventual conversion of all other family members of his family.
- What term do foreign missionaries use to describe oikos conversion?
- What is a “people movement”?
- How did the term “the Protestant work ethic” come about?
- What does “Redemption and Lift” refer to?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 26–30
- What is the meaning of the Greek word baptisma?
- Do the followers of Jesus in the New Testament get baptized before or after they profess their faith in the risen Jesus?
- The Last Supper was a part of what Jewish celebration?
- T/F: Participating in Communion is a step of obedience to Christ's command.
- T/F: The Bible describes the local church as a building where people meet together.
- What does the author mean by the phrase, “We are not corporately more than what we are individually”?
- Who is the “head” of the church?Jesus.
- What are the different kinds of “church government” described by the author?
- What is the mission of the church?
- T/F: It is important to be a member of a church because it is an indication of your commitment level to that local congregation.
- T/F: Church discipline can only be effectively administered if, and when, individuals are committed to and connected with a local congregation.
“Organization of the Church”—Pg. 672–675
- How is the church both an organism and organization?
- List 13 ways the New Testament Church was organized?
“Theological Definition of the Church”—Pg. 649–651
- What is a Church?
- What are the two ordinances given to the church?
- What is baptism symbolic of?
- What is the purpose of the Lord’s table?
Module/Week 7: Christian Life
Towns: Chs. 7 & 12
- According to the Westminster Confession, what is sin?
- List the principles that guide the Christian in discipling his life.
- What are some of the main motivators for a Christian to discipline their life?
- What shouldn’t be a motivator for discipline?
- Why is legalism bad?
- T/FThe author believes that the great commission was Jesus’ command to his disciples and therefore it is faulty to apply it to all believers.
- What are the two imperatives in the Great Commission?
- What are motives for Christians to evangelize non-Christians?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 31–35
- What is the great commandment?
- How many times is the great commission recorded in the Bible?
- Is renewal in the life of a believer a one time event or an ongoing process?
- T/F: The indwelling and filling ministry of the Spirit is referenced exclusively in the New Testament.
- What are the primary differences between the indwelling and the filling of the Spirit?Which aspect of the indwelling/filling ministry of the Spirit deals with the character of the believer?
“Habits of the Heart”
- How does the author define “character?”right thingright way
- Where a Spirituality__ results in inner power to do good, characterresults in your habits that make you do good.
- Belief is more than a decision to accept Christ.It is the _conviction__ that something is true.
- You can’t determine your _circumstances___, but when you have the right _attitude______ you get the best out of circumstances and rise above your circumstances.
- A person with character is able to ____carry out a decision long after the emotion_ is gone that first motivated the choice.
- What do you think was the most helpful portion of this article?Why?
- Do you think you will change anything in your approach to life based on this article?Why or why not?
- Did you agree with the article?Why or why not?
- What are the seven kinds of prayer that the article listed?
- What are seven conditions that hinder prayer?
“What is Revival?”
- What church’s revival does the author recount in this reading?
- What started the revival in that church?
- T/F According to the author, revival is only a recent phenomenon, a unique cultural event erupting in the late 19th and early 20th century.
- How does the author define revival?
“The Greatness of the Great Commission”
- Geographically, to what portions of the world did Jesus command his disciples to take the good news?
- What significant response did the disciples show Jesus when he appeared to them the third time?
- What was Jesus’ systematic plan to preach the Gospel to the world?
- What was Jesus’ last commandment called?What did it entail?
- What are 4 lessons that the author suggests for the individual?
- What are 4 lessons that the author suggests for the church?
“Simple Steps to Solid Study”
- List and explain MacArthur’s Five Step Bible Study method.
“But What Does it Mean to Me?”
- What does MacArthur feel about the belief that we should guard against preachers whose emphasis is on interpreting Scripture rather than applying it?
- According to MacArthur, “There is no danger of _______; the real threat is an ________ attempt at _______.”
- We don't make the _Bible relevant_________; it is inherently so, simply because it is God's Word.
- What are your thoughts on this excerpt?
“Making Hard Decisions Easy”
- What are the 10 Questions that the author suggests you should ask in order to make hard decisions easy?
Module/Week 8: End Times
Towns: Ch. 13
- According to the author, what is one of the best arguments that Heaven is real?
- How many heavens does Paul talk about?
- What is the first heaven?
- What is the second heaven?
- What is the third heaven?
- Does the author agree with the notion that “Heaven is nothing more than a state of bliss?”
- Is there day and night in heaven?
- Is there death in heaven?
- What are nine of the “inexhaustible blessings of Heaven?”
- Why did God give his children assurance that they would go to live with Him after they die?
Etzel & Gutierrez: Chs. 36–40 & Conclusion
- What four things do we learn from the ascension of Christ?
- What is Jesus’ primary ministry now?
- How many books of the New Testament mention the second coming of Christ?
- Will Christ's second coming be a physical return or a spiritual return?
- What did Jesus teach about heaven?
- What are the three important things to remember about heaven?
“The Nature of Prophecy”
- What are six of the dangers to watch out for when studying prophesy?What is the Amillennial view of the Kingdom?
- Does the Amillenial view believe that the Old Testament predictions of the kingdom were fulfilled in a literal way?
- Does the Amillenial view interpret prophetic Scriptures more figuratively or literally?
- Does the amillennial recognize a distinction between Israel and the church?
- What was the most popular view of the kingdom at the turn of the 20th century?
- What does the Postmillennial view believe?
- What is the Premillennial View?
- When did the Premillennial view become popular?
- What is “literal interpretation?”
- Why is “Contextual interpretation” important?
- What is “Double Fulfillment?”
- What happens at the rapture?
- Who are the only two people that have entered heaven in a similar way to the rapture?
- What does the word “rapture” mean?
- Where does the word “rapture” come from?Is it in the Bible?
- Does the author see the rapture and the second coming of Christ as the same event?
- Those who say the rapture will occur in the middle of the tribulation say that it will happen after what event?
- What in Daniel helps to bring light on the timing of the Rapture?
- Does the pretribulational view see a distinction between Israel and the Church?
- What does immanency mean?
“The Signs of the Times”
- What two religious groups have predicted Christ’s coming incorrectly?
- Where do some commentators believe that Jesus was chronologically outlining the characteristics of this present age?
- Where do some commentators believe that Jesus was outlining the future events of the church age?
- What things did Ezekiel prophesy would happen with Israel?What has come to pass?What has not yet come to pass?
- What are some of the implied Signs of the Times?
- What are the 5 crowns that are listed to describe the rewards in scripture? Explain.
- What happens at the “Great White Throne Judgment?”
- What is the “Separation of the Sheep and Goats Judgment?”
“Hell: The Eternal Abode of the Unsaved”
- Is there any difference between Hell and the Lake of Fire?
- What is the common word for hell in the Old Testament?
- What does “Sheol” mean?
- How is the Hebrew word “Sheol” translated into Greek as?
- What are six characteristics of hades shown in the story of the rich man and Lazarus?
- What is the “Second death?”
- Who did God design hell for?