Muslims believe Mohammed created the perfect Islamic community at _____.
The National Organization of Cypriot Fighters ( EOKA) was focused on ____.
Partitioning Cypress into Greek and Turk populations
Maintenance of Cypress under British rule
Maintenance of Cypress under Turkish rule
In 2004, New Scientist reported that Middle Eastern terrorist groups were working on a two-stage military-style weapon called a ______.
The first decade of the twenty-first century brought seemingly peaceful solutions to three violent separatist movements: the renewed troubles in Ireland resulting from civil disturbances in 1969, the ETA's campaign for Basque autonomy, and a long campaign of savage guerilla warfare and terrorism among two ethnic groups on the island nation of Sri Lanka. All of the conflicts appeared to end.
The apparent end to the three noted violent separatist movements were achieved primarily in the form of a _________ solution.
Terrorism by WMD presents a potential strategic and include biological agents, or biological weapons, which have been used for centuries. Modern arsenals contain bacterial weapons and viral weapons, with microbes cultured and refined, or weaponized, to increase their ability to kill. Because bacterial agents are susceptible to antibiotics, nations with bacterial weapons programs have created strains of bacterial microbes resistant to such drugs.Viral agents are produced in the same manner, and they are usually more powerful than bacterial agents. Biological agents are difficult to control but relatively easy to produce. Terrorists may find them to be effective weapons.
There are four types of biological agents: (1) natural poisons, or toxins that occur without human modification, (2) viruses, (3) bacteria, and (4) plagues. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies the most threatening from the groups as smallpox, anthrax, plague, botulism, tularemia, and hemorrhagic fever.
Hemorrhagic fever is classified under which category?
_____ was a French Captain who fought in Algeria in 1956-1958.
The Balfour Declaration of November 1917 promised to create the state of _____.
The Black and Tan War is associated with which organization?
Which of the following is NOT a pillar of Islamic faith?
Ritual prayers with the community
Fasting, especially during holy periods
In October 2002, about 50 Chechen rebels took over a ______ in Moscow.
The Basque region incorporates land regions in both Spain and ______.
The National Conference of State Legislature defines ________ as, "the use of information technology by terrorists to promote a political agenda."
The United Kingdom and Germany began vying for imperial control of East Africa in the late nineteenth century with Britain gradually pushing the Germans out and solidifying control after World War I. After establishing British rule in Kenya, the colonial government gave Kenya's agricultural areas to European farmers displacing tribes from the ancestral lands. One tribe, the Kikuyu, was forced to resettle deep in western Kenya in an area that threatened its ability to support all of the families in the tribe. British commissions recommended the expansion of Kikuyu land in the 1930s and 1940s, but the expansion was far less than the land given to white settlers. Around 1950, rumors reached the government in Nairobi indicating that there was some type of violent movement taking place in the Kikuyu tribal area.The movement, according to the rumors, was called Mau Mau.
Imperial powers sought to control regions of Africa for what primary reason?
Access to mineral and energy resources
Access to shipping routes
The outcome of the EOKA's struggle with the British in Cyprus most closely resembled the outcome of which conflict?
The IRA and British parliament
The Chinese and the Uighars
Sikh separatism in India
Chechnya and Russia
Separatist violence differs from ideological and religious terrorism. Violence plays a special role in ethnic terrorism. Whereas political terrorists use violence in a symbolic manner and religious extremists use it to make a theological statement, violence is the raison d'être of ethnic terrorism. It keeps an idea alive. Some data even suggest that separatist terrorism is the most violent form of terrorism in the modern world (Masters, 2008). As long as a bomb goes off or a police officer is murdered, the identity and existence of ethnic differences cannot be denied. Violence sustains the conflict, even when political objectives are far out of reach. The fear created by violence serves ethnic interests. Violence also serves to undermine moderates who seek peaceful solutions; yet, peaceful negotiated settlements have proved to be the most effective method for ending ethnic and nationalistic terrorism.
Which of the following would be the least likely target of an ethnic terrorist group?
Which of the following would be the least desirable target of an ethnic terrorist group?
Residences of supporters
In 1949, Xinjiang province was ______Uighar, but it may be less than fifty percent today.
According to the text, the _____ have conducted more suicide bombings than any other group.
LTTE Black Tigers
____ refers to the political party of republicanism.
_____ enter the body through ingestion, respiration, or contact.
The Al Qaeda Manual cites _____ as a source of inspiration.
Ayman al Zawahiri
Nerve agents, blood agents, choking agents, and blistering agents are all examples of ______agents.
The failure of the _____ in Northern Ireland can be directly linked to modern Irish terrorism and the rebirth of the IRA.
Civil rights movement
Algeria achieved independence from ______in 1962.
The Soviet Union
The Mau Mau movement is based in which of the following countries?
The political party of the IRA was known as ________.
The Apprentice Boys
The Muslims who followed Mohammed agreed on many aspects of the new faith. God's revelation to Mohammed was critical. The angelic utterances received by Mohammed were eventually codified in a single book, the Quran. The things Mohammed had said and done were recorded, and his actions became the basis for interpreting the Quran. All Muslims came to believe that it was necessary to confess the existence of one God and Mohammed as God's Prophet. They were also expected to pray as a community, to give to the poor, to fast during holy times, and to make a pilgrimage to Mecca when able to do so. Problems came, however, in the question of leadership. According to Arabic tradition, Mohammed's male heir should lead the community, but Mohammed claimed to have revealed a new law that said the importance of the community would take precedence over tribal rules of inheritance. One group of people believed the community should select its own leaders, but another group believed that Mohammed had designated Ali, his cousOAjÎ|áþC Ëin and son-in-law, as the Muslim leader. The proponents of community selection carried the day, but Ali's followers came to believe that God had given a special inspiration to Mohammed's family.
The angelic utterances referred to above came from the angel, _____________.
Azreal (Malak al-maut)
In 1972 British paratroopers opened fire on Catholic protesters in Londonderry - a day that has come to be known as _______.
Orange and Green Day
The reserve force of the royal Ulster constabulary (RUC) was known as ______.
The Sein Fenn
The Irish Brotherhood
The major factor in deciding to employ suicide terrorists is the ______ of the group.
The social structure and culture
In 1922 Great Britain received permission from _____to create the Mandate of Palestine.
The League of Nations
The United Nations
The European Council
The Shah of Iran
Geographically, ancient Persia occupied the area known as _______.
On August 15, 1969 fighting in Ireland was focused in which two cities?
Belfast and Londonderry
Belfast and Limerick
Londonderry and Dublin
Belfast and Dublin
Rohan Gunaratna sees three things that all suicide bombings have in common:
Secrecy, reconnaissance, and rehearsal
Secrecy, religion, and political agendas
Political agendas, chance of success, and secrecy
Secrecy, rehearsal, and chance of success
Muslim states suffer more _____ than Western states.
In 2003, Al Qaeda began targeting oil facilities in what country?
At the end of __________, the entire Middle East was controlled by the British, French, and Russians.
The Six Days Way
The 100 Years War
The Mau Mau movement originated in ______.
Turkey has lost 40,000 people to _____ since 1980.
Faced with anti-colonial revolts after World War II, _____ created a special military unit known as the African Cell.
The British established the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1909 and started taking oil profits out of ____.
What is the name given a technological program that typically copies itself and moves through a computer system in order to disrupt a computer or computer network?
The EOKA used an urban strategy using a small amount of terrorists to fight 40,000 British soldiers. Their efforts brought international attention to Cyprus and aroused international support for independence. The struggle ended with a negotiated settlement. Like the EOKA, the FLN focused on urban areas and used terrorism to attract international publicity. Unlike the situation in Cyprus, most French people believed northern Algeria to be a part of France, and they saw the separatist movement as an internal rebellion. As a result, both the FLN and French security forces employed terrorism against each other. The Mau Mau movement in Kenya represents another postwar colonial revolt, but it differed from urban terrorism in Cyprus and Algeria. It was a rural resistance movement from a tribe displaced by colonial agricultural policies. Mau Mau fighters were defeated by repression, but Kenya achieved independence when the British public rejected inhumane measures.
The struggles noted in the aforementioned scenario all have major foundations in ____?
Which of the following tactics is most often employed by terrorists?
The Spanish Civil War occurred in what decade?
The 1916 Easter Rising is associated with what group?
The Zionist movement took place at the same time the Ottoman Empire was breaking up, and this created opportunities for several groups interested in the region. For Arabs in general it signaled the possible recreation of the Arab empire shortly after the death of Mohammed. Palestinian Arabs, much more modest in their political views, sought to join with Syria to form a new country. Many Palestinians welcomed the Zionists, thinking that Jews would assist them in the formation of a new country. The Zionists held no such belief: the Jews had no intention of becoming part of Syria. Nasr (1997, pp.6-7) argues that the Palestinian Arabs represented a cohesive mixture of Muslims and Christians and that they were leery of Jewish settlements.Regardless, Palestinians sold land to the Zionists, who linked their holdings with the ultimate purpose of creating a Jewish state.
Both the Zionists and the Arabs in the Palestine region harbored anti-imperial sentiment against which nation which controlled the area?
The _____ in eastern Turkey conducted the least deadly attacks in the course of modern suicide bombing, killing an average of two people per incident.
Kurdistan Workers Party
Russian Orthodox Christians
Emphasizing _____, or the oneness of God, ibn Taymiyyah attacked anything that threatened to come between humanity and God.
After _____, the British began to view Iran as the northern gate to India.