Question details

UHV CRIJ3317 Exam 1 Spring 2018
$ 36.00

Question

Question 1

The Black and Tan War was fought in what country?

Answers:

England

Ireland

Wales

Scotland

Question 2

Who wrote of principles of revolution in his "Catechism of the Revolutionary."?

Answers:

Nechaev

Rubenstein

Marighella

Bakunin

Question 3

The _____ is the critical target for counterterrorism.

Answers:

Node

Unit

Mode

Cell

Question 4

The Taliban is also referred to as __________.

Answers:

The Students

The Teachers

The Professors

The Pupils

Question 5

The Enlightenment was an 18th century international intellectual movement that gave rise to rise to science and a new age of discovery - deductive logic giving way to empirical observation. Although diverse in political opinions, the philosophers of the Age of Reason produced a common idea about government - they believed that governments should exist to protect individual rights. Philosophers argued that citizens had rights and that governments' duty was to protect those rights. Common people were to control the government by a social contract, or constitution, that spelled out the rights of citizens and limited governmental power.

During the Enlightenment, which group lost its monopoly on providing answers to all human questions?

Answers:

Ruling/Upper classes

Military

Middle/lower classes

Clergy

Question 6

The Cuban Revolution occurred during what years?

Answers:

1918-1921

1956-1959

1991-1994

1965-1969

Question 7

After being released from prison in a general amnesty, IRA's Michael Collins studied the tactics of the Russian Peoples' Will and the writings of earlier anarchists and terrorists. Collins developed a strategy called "selective terrorism." Collins reasoned that indiscriminate terror was of no value - random or large-scale attacks would alienate public opinion. Conversely, launching an attack and waiting for the population to spontaneously rise to rebellion was equally futile.

Collins viewed himself as a:

Answers:

Terrorist

Anarchist

Nationalist

Socialist

Question 8

Jerrold Post reports that radicalization is passed on through _____.

Answers:

Social processes

Generations

Missionary activity

Political groups

Question 9

Many Lebanese believe ________to be the true source of terrorism.

Answers:

Jordan

Palestine

Iran

Israel

Question 10

Due to the carnage of the __________, many European rulers opted to tolerate different sects of Christianity within the same realm to achieve peace.

Answers:

Thirty Years' War

Eighty Years' War

Nine Years' War

One Hundred Years' War

Question 11

_____ is defined as the idea that social constructs are based on systems that provide order.

Answers:

Meaning framework

Structural framework

Organizational framework

Functional framework

Question 12

According to Fraser and Fulton, the hierarchical structure of terrorist groups is divided into four levels. The smallest group, at the top of the pyramid, is responsible for command. As in military circles, leadership makes policy and plans and provides general direction. The second level of the hierarchy is the active cadre, or the people responsible for carrying out the mission of the organization - the striking arm of the terrorist group. The third are the active supporters. They maintain communication channels, provide safe houses, gather intelligence, and ensure that all other logistical needs are met. The last and largest category is the organization's passive supporters. This group is extremely difficult to identify and characterize because passive supporters do not readily join terrorist groups; they simply represent a favorable element of the political climate.

Imagine you are a security analyst for the Department of Homeland Security and have just been given several intelligence briefs that describe the activities of several individuals, described below:

A young college student (Adain) has just left a meeting with the niece (Bella) of a well known HAMAS member (Mahmud) who has been in hiding after a series of videos had been leaked to the press showing him overseeing a terrorist training camp. Adain immediately goes to a hardware store and purchases several bomb making items which he delivers to a nearby farm. The hardware store owner (Mansour) intuitively aware of Adain's impending plan offers his goods at a deep discount and wishes him well on his journey. The farmer (Shari) accepts the items and wishes Aiden goodbye. Shari creates the bomb and calls for Adain to return. Adain returns and detonates the bob in a local café and dies in the process. Ross, Glen, and Keary (uninvolved in the incident) view Adain's activities as brave and offer words of respect to the family.

Your supervisor asks you to classify each individual's according to Fraser and Fulton's levels outlined above. Reflecting upon the scenario, at what level in the terrorist organization would you classify Shari?

Answers:

Command

Active cadre

Active supporter

Passive supporter

Question 13

It can be argued that religion often helps to produce the ______, a person striking out with an ideology but no group.

Answers:

Crazed avenger

Solitary avenger

Independent avenger

Lone wolf avenger

Question 14

According to the text, terrorists achieve social justification for their actions by group reinforcement, ideology, and ________.

Answers:

Symbols

Finances

Media

Promotion

Question 15

What is the smallest element of James Fraser's structure of terrorist organizations?

Answers:

Active cadre

Command structure

Passive support

Active support

Question 16

A scholarly examination of literature from militant Islamic groups to determine their media strategies showed that jihadists are keenly aware of the media's ability to influence the social construction of reality.Jihadist texts reveal three media strategies. First, they seek legitimacy for their movement, especially wanting to justify acts of violence to other Muslims. Second, they want to spread their message and increase sympathy for their militant interpretation of religion. Third, their opponents, both the West and Muslims with a different interpretation of Islam, are targeted for intimidation.

Terrorist members hand out flyers to members at a recruitment rally, disguised as a service at a local mosque. They listen intently to the attendees who dismiss the flyer's information and watch carefully to see who throws away the literature. Which media strategy was most prominently being employed by the terrorists after they handed out their flyers?

Answers:

Legitimacy for their movement

Spread their message

Increase sympathy for their militant interpretation of religion

Identify opponents for targeted intimidation

Question 17

To preserve following the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), several European rulers agreed to tolerate different sects of _______within the same realm.

Answers:

Islam

Christianity

Judaism

Hinduism

Question 18

A group of armed and dangerous teenagers are returning home late at night and come across several seemingly unoccupied homes. They enter one home and before taking numerous valuable, spray paint racial slurs on the walls. The suspects would most accurately be classed as a(n) _____.

Answers:

Criminal

Terrorist

Lone-wolf avenger

Anarchist

Question 19

Who conducted the 2007 definitive study of prison radicalization in the United States?

Answers:

Mark Hamm

Marc Sageman

Michael King

Donald Taylor

Question 20

According to _____, the news is aimed at particular audiences, and different organizations approach audiences in a variety of ways.

Answers:

Daniel Sutter

David Baron

Fouzi Slisli

David Levin

Question 21

The arguments about censorship are heated and deal with the core issue of _____.

Answers:

Privacy

Freedom

Security

Democracy

Question 22

Which of the following is NOT a descriptor of persons at-risk for radicalization according to Sageman's six-step model?

Answers:

Well socialized youth

Seek orientation in religion

Their religion is militarized

They encounter an actor who knows terrorists

Question 23

Who does David Kaplan (2003) blame for funding the spread of an intolerant form of Islam?

Answers:

Iraq

Afghanistan

Libya

Saudi Arabia

Question 24

The political activities of Pierre Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865) eventually landed him in a French prison, but Proudhon was not a man of violence. He called for the extension of democracy to all classes, to be accomplished through the elimination of property and government. Property was to be commonly held, and families living in extended communes were to replace centralized government.

Proudhon's philosophy would most appropriately classify him as a(n):

Answers:

Socialist

Anarchist

Communist

Terrorist

Question 25

Of the top twenty currently active religious terrorist organizations in the world, the majority are based upon a militarized version of which religion?

Answers:

Judaism

Islam

Buddhism

Catholicism

Question 26

The _____ becomes the primary source of social reality for individual terrorists.

Answers:

Terrorist leader

Terrorist group

Larger society

Religious leader

Question 27

The Triborder region referred to in the text is where these three countries join.

Answers:

Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina

Argentina, Chile, and Mexico

Belize, Guatemala, and Argentina

Nicaragua, Brazil, and Argentina

Question 28

_____ refers to news organizations producing stories to entertain their audiences under the guise of presenting objective information.

Answers:

News frames

Investigative

Infotainment telesector

Communication

Question 29

Historically, the violence in Ireland has been largely intertwined with conflict between these two religions:

Answers:

Anglicanism and Hinduism

Protestantism and Catholicism

Judaism and Paganism

Islam and Catholicism

Question 30

According to Fraser and Fulton, the hierarchical structure of terrorist groups is divided into four levels. The smallest group, at the top of the pyramid, is responsible for command. As in military circles, leadership makes policy and plans and provides general direction. The second level of the hierarchy is the active cadre, or the people responsible for carrying out the mission of the organization - the striking arm of the terrorist group. The third are the active supporters. They maintain communication channels, provide safe houses, gather intelligence, and ensure that all other logistical needs are met. The last and largest category is the organization's passive supporters. This group is extremely difficult to identify and characterize because passive supporters do not readily join terrorist groups; they simply represent a favorable element of the political climate.

Imagine you are a security analyst for the Department of Homeland Security and have just been given several intelligence briefs that describe the activities of several individuals, described below:

A young college student (Adain) has just left a meeting with the niece (Bella) of a well known HAMAS member (Mahmud) who has been in hiding after a series of videos had been leaked to the press showing him overseeing a terrorist training camp. Adain immediately goes to a hardware store and purchases several bomb making items which he delivers to a nearby farm. The hardware store owner (Mansour) intuitively aware of Adain's impending plan offers his goods at a deep discount and wishes him well on his journey. The farmer (Shari) accepts the items and wishes Aiden goodbye. Shari creates the bomb and calls for Adain to return. Adain returns and detonates the bob in a local café and dies in the process. Ross, Glen, and Keary (uninvolved in the incident) view Adain's activities as brave and offer words of respect to the family.

Your supervisor asks you to classify each individual's according to Fraser and Fulton's levels outlined above. Reflecting upon the scenario, at what level in the terrorist organization would you classify Bella?

Answers:

Command

Active cadre

Active supporter

Passive supporter

Question 31

Bodrero (2002) says terrorist behavior differs from standard patterns of criminal behavior because terrorists are highly motivated and loyal to a particular cause. Whereas ordinary criminals are opportunistic, terrorists are focused. They may select targets of opportunity, but the target has a symbolic value. Terrorists use crime to make a symbolic statement about a political cause.

A reclusive individual leaves home following a television documentary on the biblical sins of man over the ages. He decides to shoot randomly at persons in his neighborhood as he claims he was inspired by the show to "cleanse the area". The suspect would most accurately be classed as a (n) _____.

Answers:

Criminal

Terrorist

Lone-wolf avenger

Anarchist

Question 32

What terrorist group created the underground video network known as As Sahaab?

Answers:

Al Qaeda

Hezzbollah

LTTE

Taliban

Question 33

Many law enforcement agencies, including the Behavioral Science Unit in the FBI, have attempted to develop practical models for profiling terrorists based on individual psychological characteristics. They work to assess and/or classify potential terrorists and terrorist threats.

A practical example of such classification systems comes from the United Kingdom. Police officials there make practical decisions based on profiles of terrorists and the classification of each incident. When faced with an act of terrorism, the local ranking police official makes an assessment of the event. If it is classified as a criminal activity or the result of a mentally deranged individual, the local police commander handles the incident.If the commander deems the action to be the result of political terrorism, the central government is informed, and the incident is handled on the prime minister's level. In addition, if the level of the threat is sufficiently high, the matter may be referred to the national government.

A local police station receives a call of a drive-by shooting in the neighborhood. The witness reports recognizing the suspect car as a local gang member and the victim - a 12 year old girl. According to the UK classification system outlined in the above scenario, who (or at what level) would handle the incident?

Answers:

National government

The local police commander

Central government

Prime Minister level

Question 34

Who were the leading forces of the Cuban revolution?

Answers:

Ernesto 'Che' Guevara and Fidel Castro

Fulgencio Batista and Fidel Castro

Ernesto 'Che' Guevara and Fulgencio Batista

Regis Debray and Fidel Castro

Question 35

The Irish Republican Army (IRA) developed out of a __________ desire.

Answers:

Nationalistic

Socialistic

Economic

Capitalistic

Question 36

__________was thrown out of the Communist Party for opposing Stalin and was assassinated by communist agents in Mexico City in 1940.

Answers:

Karl Marx

Friedrich Engels

Vladimir Lenin

Leon Trostsky

Question 37

Guerrilla revolutions based on the Cuban experience are typified by _____ phases; each designed to progress from and complement the previous one.

Answers:

Four

Three

Six

Five

Question 38

While the U.S. State Department considers Hezbollah a terrorist organization, the Jordanian police view Hezbollah as _____?

Answers:

As a militia

As a terrorist organization

As a religious group

As a law enforcement agency

Question 39

According to Huntington, _____ refers to the cultural conflicts among the world's eight dominant civilizations.

Answers:

Clash of civilizations

Cultural paradigms

Social processes

Radicalization

Question 40

Several local government offices begin to receive a series of anthrax laden packages in the mail.

Answers:

National government

The local police commander

Central government

Prime Minister level

Question 41

Historians often call the eighteenth century the Age of Reason or the _____.

Answers:

Engagement

Existence

Illumination

Enlightenment

Question 42

According to _____, charities are responsible for the bulk of terrorist financing.

Answers:

David Kaplan

Loretta Napoleoni

Joshua Krasna

David Adams

Question 43

_____ refers to one network fighting another network.

Answers:

Interwar

Netwar

Group battle

Net battle

Question 44

Nationalistic movements produce terrorists from the lower classes - religious terrorists come from ____ classes.

Answers:

Upper

Middle

Lower

All

Question 45

According to Durham, _____ destroys the ability to create a sustainable news frame.

Answers:

Reality

Ambiguity

Facts

Opinion

Question 46

According to Cottle, television news presents a _____ frame, which reinforces common values.

Answers:

Contention

Dominant

Mythic

Cultural recognition

Question 47

Modern terrorism developed out of the _____.

Answers:

French Revolution

Civil War

American Revolution

World War II

Question 48

__________ do not support centralized control of the economy.

Answers:

Communists

Socialists

Anarchists

Capitalists

Question 49

Which of the following countries is NOT a member of the Triborder Region of Latin America?

Answers:

Brazil

Paraguay

Chile

Argentina

Question 50

Which of the following al Qaeda membership profiles is as identified by Marc Sageman's 2004 study?

Answers:

Members were almost exclusively male and were radicalized in the West

Most members came from the lower class families

They had no history of violence

Few members had arrest records

 

Available solutions
  • UHV CRIJ3317 Exam 1 Spring 2018
    $36.00

    Question Question 1 The Black and Tan War was fought in what country? Answers: England Ireland Wales Scotland Question 2 Who wrote of principles of revolution in his "Catechism of the Revolutionary."? Answers: Nechaev Rubenstein Marighella Bakunin Question 3 The _____ is the critical target for counterterrorism. Answers: Node Unit Mode Cell Question 4 The Taliban is also referred to as __________. Answers: The Students The Teachers The Professors The Pupils Question 5 The Enlightenment was an 18th century international intellectual movement that gave rise to rise to science and a new age of discovery - deductive logic giving way to empirical observation. Although diverse in political opinions, the philosophers of the Age of Reason produced a common idea about government - they believed that governments should exist to protect indi

    Submitted on: 19 Apr, 2018 03:54:20 This tutorial has not been purchased yet .