Question 1 The "poverty gap" is also known as:
a) Wealth inequality
b) Income deficit
c) Asset inequality
d) Government reliance
Question 2 The poverty thresholds are an ________ measure of poverty because they provide one figure for the number of poor in the country, and individuals and families fall either above or below.
Question 3 The _______________ is an approach to determine how much individuals and families need to cover basic living expenses without government assistance.
a) Supportive Service Policy
b) Assisted Living Proposal
c) Minimum wage
d) Self-Sufficiency Standard
Question 4 Which of the following is not counted toward determining poverty?
a) In-kind government benefits
b) Taxes and tax credit
c) Noncash or in-kind benefits
d) Work expenses
Question 5 In absolute figures, ________ whites are poor than blacks.
c) Equal numbers of
d) This is impossible to know.
Question 6 The highest poverty rates occur in families headed by ___________.
a) Single men
b) Divorced parents, splitting time equally
d) Single women
Question 7 The highest percentage of children in poverty are ______________, at 34.7%.
Question 8 Poverty drops as ___________ increases.
d) Level of confidence
Question 9 Poverty is least likely to exist in _______________ communities.
Question 10 ______________ is the most frequent explanation for poverty entry.
a) Employment changes
b) Death of a family member
c) Having a child out of wedlock
d) Drug and alcohol abuse
Question 11 Which of the following is not as likely to enter poverty?
b) Living in the West
c) Young adults
d) Female-headed households
Question 12 Poverty can be defined as __________ in the distribution of income.
a) Being absolute
c) Relying on education
Question 13 Which of the following is a time when income was distributed the most evenly?
Question 14 A measure of income distribution called the ____________, uses zero to indicate perfect income equality and one to indicate total inequality.
a) Absolute index
b) Relative index
c) Stock index
d) Gini index
Question 15 The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development reports the gap between the rich and poor has _______________ in most of its member countries in the last two decades.
c) Become nonexistent
d) Encompassed most of the population
Question 16 Which of the following countries has the highest poverty rates in the world?
a) The United States
Question 17 ______________ theory explains income variations in a free market economy as a result of differences in productivity.
b) Social Development
c) Human Capital
d) Macro systems
Question 18 Arguing that poverty is a "way of life" is known as _________.
a) Culture of poverty
b) An excuse
c) Facing the facts
d) Inequality standards
Question 19 Marxist and non-Marxist writers have defined poverty as a form of ______ by the ruling class.
Question 20 The term _________ refers to practices that are deeply embedded in schools, the criminal justice system, and other organizations that serve gatekeeper functions in society.
Question 21 The federal government's main food program for low-income individuals and families is the ________________ (SNAP).
a) Supportive Nutrition Alienation Procedure
b) Socially Nourishing All People
c) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
d) Specific Nourishment Alleviation Project
Question 22 The National Low Income Housing Coalition reports that ________ in any U.S. county, working full-time at his/her state's minimum wage, can afford a one-bedroom dwelling at fair market rent.
a) No one
b) Half of Americans
c) Most Americans
d) One quarter of Americans
Question 23 Home ownership is especially important in reducing ___________.
a) Self-esteem issues
c) Strain on the economy
d) Asset poverty
Question 24 ___________ describes the people who would be poor if they did not receive social insurance and public assistance payments.
a) Subjective poverty
b) Relative poverty
c) Latent poverty
d) Absolute poverty
Question 25 Which of the following groups of people are not as likely as the rest to be homeless?
a) Those who abuse drugs
b) Those who abuse alcohol
c) Those who have a mental illness
d) Those who didn't finish High School