Clinical manifestations of fibromyalgia include
hot, tender, and edematous muscle groups bilaterally.
exercise intolerance and painful muscle cramps.
fasciculations of the upper and lower extremity muscles.
burning or gnawing pain at tender points and profound fatigue.
What is the diagnosis of a person who has tennis elbow characterized by tissue degeneration or irritation of the extensor carpi brevis tendon?
_____ is the temporary displacement of two bones in which the bone surfaces partially lose contact.
In ankylosing spondylitis, the CD8+ T cells are presented with which of the following antigens?
What causes the crystallization within the synovial fluid of the joint affected by gouty arthritis?
Overproduction of uric acid
Increase in the glycosaminoglycan levels
Reduced excretion of purines
Overproduction of proteoglycans
_____ is a chronic inflammatory joint disease characterized by stiffening and fusion of the spine and sacroiliac joints.
Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by
lysis of skeletal muscle cells through the initiation of the complement cascade.
smooth muscle degeneration resulting from ischemia.
paralysis of skeletal muscles resulting from impaired nerve supply.
release of myoglobin from damaged striated muscle cells.
An insufficient dietary intake of vitamin _____ can lead to rickets in children.
Which protein, absent in muscle cells of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, mediates the anchoring of skeletal muscles fibers to the basement membrane?
Ewing sarcoma arises from
metadiaphysis of long bones.
bone-producing mesenchymal cells.
Osteochondrosis is caused by a(n)
bacterial infection of the bone.
nutritional deficiency of calcium and phosphorus.
imbalance between calcitonin and parathyroid hormone.
vascular impairment and trauma to bone.
Molecular analysis has demonstrated that osteosarcoma is associated with
The pain experienced in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is referred to as involving
elbows and upper and lower arms and is described as a continuous ache and relieved by anti-inflammatory drugs.
knees, inner thighs, and groin and is described as a continuous ache and relieved by anti-inflammatory drugs.
knees, inner thighs, and groin that is aggravated by activity and relieved by rest.
elbows and upper and lower arms that is aggravated by activity and relieved by rest.
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is likely inherited from one’s
The total mass of muscle in the body can be estimated from which serum laboratory test value?
Cutaneous vasculitis develops from the deposit of _____ in small blood vessels as a toxic response allergen.
Which cells of the dermis secrete connective tissue matrix?
Which malignancy is characterized by slow-growing lesions that usually have depressed centers and rolled borders and are frequently located on the face and neck?
Keloids are sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scars caused by excessive amounts of _____ in the corneum during connective tissue repair.
_____ of the epidermis initiate immune responses and provide defense against environmental antigens.
Thrush is a superficial infection that commonly occurs in children and is caused by
Which vascular anomaly is a congenital malformation of dermal capillaries that does not fade with age?
Port-wine (nevus flammeus) stain
Which of the following viral diseases has an incubation period of 14 to 21 days and a duration of 1 to 4 days?
Which clinical manifestation is considered the hallmark of atopic dermatitis?
Vesicles that burst and form crusts
Which contagious disease creates a primary skin lesion that is a pinpointed macule, papule, or wheal with hemorrhagic puncture site?