Question details

APNI QUIZ # (FINAL) (CH) Quiz # 4
$ 50.00

 

 

APNI QUIZ #  (FINAL)

(CH)

 

Quiz # 4  

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 01:34:26 AM )       Total Marks: 1

Assume that steak and potatoes are complements. When the price of steak goes up, the demand curve for potatoes:

Select correct option:

 

            Shifts to the left.

            Shifts to the right.

            Remains constant.

            Shifts to the right initially and then returns to its original position.

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 01:33:12 AM )       Total Marks: 1

Many economists and government analysts have investigated the effect of a minimum wage on labour markets. The general conclusion reached by the investigators is that:

Select correct option:

 

            The overall effect of the minimum wage is an increase in the unemployment level.

            Teenagers gain most of the beneficial employment effects of the minimum wage.

            All industries are equally affected by the minimum wage laws.

            Over a period of time, the minimum wage laws will increase employment in the economy.

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 01:32:54 AM )       Total Marks: 1

The substitution effect of a price decrease for a good with a normal indifference curve pattern:

Select correct option:

 

            Is always inversely related to the price change.

            Measures the change in consumption of the good that is due to the consumer’s feeling of being richer.

            Is measured by the horizontal distance between the original and the new indifference curves.

            Is sufficient information to plot an ordinary demand curve for the commodity being considered.

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 01:32:39 AM )       Total Marks: 1

For a firm buying labor competitively, the marginal input cost is equal to the: 

Select correct option:

 

            Wage

            Interest rate

            Price of output

            cost of raw materials

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 01:32:21 AM )       Total Marks: 1

The cross elasticity of demand of complements goods is:

Select correct option:

 

            Less than 0.

            Equal to 0.

            Greater than 0.

            Between 0 and 1.

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 01:30:59 AM )       Total Marks: 1

In which case, total expenditure in an economy is not equal to total income? 

Select correct option:

 

            If total saving is larger than total investment.

            If net exports are not zero.

            If inventory investment is negative.

            None of the given options--they are always equal.

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 01:30:04 AM )         Total Marks: 1

Marginal Cost is defined as:

Select correct option:

 

            The derivative of variable cost with respect to quantity produced.

            The derivative of Average Cost with respect to quantity produced.

            The derivative of Total Cost with respect to quantity produced.

            None of the given option.

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 01:29:29 AM )         Total Marks: 1

If a monopolist sets his output such that marginal revenue, marginal cost and average total cost are equal, economic profit must be:

Select correct option:

 

            Negative.

            Positive.

            Zero.

            Indeterminate from the given information.

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 01:28:21 AM )         Total Marks: 1

International data suggest that economies of countries with different steady states will converge to:

Select correct option:

 

            The same steady state.

            Their own steady state.

            The Golden Rule steady state.

            Steady states below the Golden Rule level.

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 01:28:04 AM )         Total Marks: 1

In a free-market economy the allocation of resources is determined by:

Select correct option:

 

            Votes taken by consumers

            A central planning authority

            By consumer preferences

            The level of profits of firms

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 01:27:44 AM )         Total Marks: 1

The price elasticity of supply shows us:

Select correct option:

 

            How steep the supply curve is

            How fast supply responds to price

            How much supply shifts when income changes

            How much quantity supplied responds to price changes

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 01:26:28 AM )         Total Marks: 1

Which of the following international accounts records the purchase and sale of financial assets and real estate between Pakistan and other nations?

Select correct option:

 

            The savings account.

            The current account.

            The capital account.

            The financial account.

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 01:25:06 AM )         Total Marks: 1

An exchange rate that varies according to the supply and demand for the currency in the foreign exchange market is called a(n) _________ exchange rate. 

Select correct option:

 

            Overvalued.

            Undervalued.

            Fixed.

            Flexible.

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 01:24:43 AM )         Total Marks: 1

A (n) __________ may start a price war in order to get a larger share of the market

Select correct option:

 

            Perfect competitor

            Oligopolist

            Monopolist

            Economist

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 01:24:20 AM )         Total Marks: 1

Suppose price rises from $15 to $17 and quantity demanded decreases by 20%. We can conclude: 

Select correct option:

 

            Demand is inelastic

            The elasticity of demand is 2

            Total revenue will decrease

            Demand is unit elastic

 

 

Quiz # 3   http://www.udel.edu/Economics/helme/Revex2.PDF

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 01:30:19 AM )       Total Marks: 1

The aggregate supply curve is the relationship between the:

Select correct option:

 

            Price level and the real domestic output purchased

            Price level and the real domestic output produced

            Price level which producers are willing to accept and the price level purchasers are willing to pay

            Real domestic output purchased and the real domestic output produced

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 01:29:46 AM )       Total Marks: 1

In the long run, competitive firms MUST be profit maximizes, because if they do not maximize profits:

Select correct option:

 

            They will attract new competitors.

            They will not be price takers.

            The profits that they do earn will only cover variable costs.

            They will not survive.

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 01:28:47 AM )       Total Marks: 1

Suppose that a farmer grows wheat and sells it to a baker for $1, the baker makes bread and sells it to a store for $2, and the store sells it to the customer for $3. This transaction increases GDP by:

Select correct option:

 

            $1.

            $2.

            $3.

            $6.

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 01:28:22 AM )       Total Marks: 1

A function that indicates the maximum output per unit of time that a firm can produce, for every combination of inputs with a given technology, is called:

Select correct option:

 

            An isoquant

            A production possibility curve

            A production function

            An isocost function

 

The demand curve generally slopes upward because: 

Select correct option:

 

            A higher price increases the consumer's desired level of consumption.

            A higher price decreases the consumer's desired level of consumption.

            That’s just the way that it is.

            None of the given options.

A Giffen good is a sub-category of inferior goods; its consumption increases when it’s price increases. This is because of its very strong income effect.

Both normal and inferior goods have downward sloping demand curves

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 01:26:45 AM )       Total Marks: 1

Which of the following statements describes increasing returns to scale: 

Select correct option:

 

            Doubling the inputs used leads to double the output.

            Increasing the inputs by 50% leads to a 25% increase in output.

            Increasing inputs by 1/4 leads to an increase in output of 1/3.

            None of the given options.

 

The kinked demand curve model is based on the assumption that each firm:

Select correct option:

 

            Considers its rival's output to be fixed

            Considers its rival's price to be fixed

            Believes rivals will match all price changes

            None of the given options (Not 100% Sure)

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 01:24:08 AM )         Total Marks: 1

The demand curve faced by an individual firm in a competitive market is:

Select correct option:

 

            Upward sloping.

            Downward sloping.

            Horizontal.

            Vertical.

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 01:22:54 AM )         Total Marks: 1

The key to keep inflation low is to keep monetary growth aligned with expected real output growth is The Real Business Cycles (RBC) School’s thought. 

Select correct option:

 

            True

            False

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 01:21:32 AM )         Total Marks: 1

When the demand curve is downward sloping, marginal revenue is:

Select correct option:

 

            Equal to price.

            Equal to average cost.

            Less than price.

            More than price.

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 01:20:07 AM )         Total Marks: 1

Which one of the following is most likely to lead to an increase in aggregate demand? An increase in:

Select correct option:

 

            Government tax revenues

            Household savings

            Business capital investment

            Demand for imports

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 01:19:31 AM )         Total Marks: 1

The point at which AC intersects MC is where: 

Select correct option:

 

            AC is decreasing.

            MC is at its minimum.

            AC is at its minimum.

            AC is at its maximum.

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 01:18:59 AM )         Total Marks: 1

Assume that steak and potatoes are complements. When the price of steak goes up, the demand curve for potatoes:

Select correct option:

 

            Shifts to the left.

            Shifts to the right.

            Remains constant.

            Shifts to the right initially and then returns to its original position.

 

Final goods are meant for:

Select correct option:

 

            Direct use by the consumers

            further processing

            The term do not exist

            None

 

A final good is: 

Select correct option:

 

            Counted as part of GDP. (Not 100% Sure)

            A good used only in the production of other products.

            A good directly consumed by individuals.

            Both A and C are correct.

 

 

Quiz # 2

Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 10:44:58 PM )        Total Marks: 1

If marginal product is equal to average product:

Select correct option:

 

            The total product will fall

            The average product will not change

            Average variable costs will fall

            Total revenue will fall

 

Question # 9 of 10 ( Start time: 10:44:30 PM )          Total Marks: 1

Marginal utility is best described as:

Select correct option:

 

            The additional satisfaction gained by consumption of the last good

            The per unit satisfaction of the good consumed

            The total satisfaction gained from the total consumption of the good

            The change in satisfaction from consuming one additional unit of the good

 

Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 10:44:05 PM )          Total Marks: 1

If the income elasticity of demand for boots is 0.2, a 10% increase in consumer income will lead to a:

Select correct option:

 

            20 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

            20 percent decrease in the quantity of boots demanded

            2 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

            0.2 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

 

Question # 7 of 10 ( Start time: 10:43:43 PM )

In a free-market economy the allocation of resources is determined by:

Select correct option:

 

            Votes taken by consumers

            A central planning authority

            By consumer preferences

            The level of profits of firms

 

Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 10:43:15 PM )

A negatively sloped isoquant implies:

Select correct option:

 

            Products with negative marginal utilities.

            Products with positive marginal utilities.

            Inputs with negative marginal products.

            Inputs with positive marginal products.

 

Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 10:42:52 PM )          Total Marks: 1

It is expected that the sign of cross elasticity between two complementary goods would be:

Select correct option:

 

            Positive

            Negative

            Zero

            None of the given options.

 

Question # 4 of 10 ( Start time: 10:41:34 PM )

Suppose price rises from $15 to $17 and quantity demanded decreases by 20%. We can conclude: 

Select correct option:

 

            Demand is inelastic

            The elasticity of demand is 2

            Total revenue will decrease

            Demand is unit elastic

 

Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 10:40:25 PM )          Total Marks: 1

If marginal product is below average product:

Select correct option:

 

            The total product will fall

            The average product will fall

            Average variable costs will fall

            Total revenue will fall

 

Question # 2 of 10 ( Start time: 10:40:03 PM )

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:

Select correct option:

 

            Shortages

            Surpluses

            Equilibrium

            None of the given options.

 

Question # 1 of 10 ( Start time: 10:39:19 PM )          Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is NOT regarded as a source of inefficiency in monopolistic competition?

Select correct option:

 

            Product diversity.

            Excess capacity.

            The fact that price exceeds marginal cost.

            The fact that long-run average cost is not minimized.

 

 

OTHER QUIZ # 2 (FINAL)

(CH 1-24)

 

Quiz # 5

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 07:21:13 PM ) Total Marks: 1

According to Classical models, the level of employment is determined primarily by:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The level of aggregate demand for goods and services.

 

Prices and wages.

 

Government taxation.

 

Government spending.

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 07:22:36 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Marginal utility is best described as:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The additional satisfaction gained by consumption of the last good

 

The per unit satisfaction of the good consumed

 

The total satisfaction gained from the total consumption of the good

 

The change in satisfaction from consuming one additional unit of the good

 

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 07:23:34 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A market with few entry barriers and with many firms that sell differentiated products is known as:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Purely competitive

 

A monopoly

 

Monopolistically competitive

 

Oligopolistic

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 07:25:00 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If the cost of computer components falls, then

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The demand curve for computers shifts to the right.

 

The demand curve for computers shifts to the left.

 

The supply curve for computers shifts to the right

 

The supply curve for computers shifts to the left

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 07:25:54 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In a free-market economy the allocation of resources is determined by:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Votes taken by consumers.

 

A central planning authority.

 

By consumer preferences.

 

The level of profits of firms.

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 07:26:11 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The numerical measurement of a consumer’s preference is called:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Satisfaction

 

Use

 

Pleasure

 

Utility

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 07:26:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Final goods are meant for:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Direct use by the consumers

 

further processing

 

The term do not exist

 

None

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 07:27:24 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The AD Curve is downward sloping because of all of the following reasons except that:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The Fed raises real interest rates as inflation increases

 

The Fed raises nominal interest rates as inflation rises

 

The Fed intentionally tries to reduce the level of aggregate demand when inflation rises.

 

The Fed intentionally tries to increase the level of output as unemployment increases

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 07:28:12 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In monopolist market, a new entrant firm should produce where:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Marginal Cost < Marginal Revenue.

Marginal Cost > Marginal Revenue.

Marginal Cost = Marginal Revenue. (May be) 80%

Marginal Cost = Average Revenue.

 

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 07:29:41 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following events shifts the short-run aggregate supply curve to the right?

Select correct option:

 

 

 

A decrease in the money supply

 

A drop in oil prices

 

An increase in government spending on military equipment

 

An increase in price expectations

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 07:30:08 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The trend of unemployment over the last forty years is:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

A decrease in unemployment.

 

It has remained largely unchanged.

 

An increase in unemployment.

 

It is too difficult to tell so don't bother.

 

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 07:31:16 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A firm never operates:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

At the minimum of its average total cost curve.

 

At the minimum of its average variable cost curve.

 

On the downward-sloping portion of its average total cost curve.

 

On the downward-sloping portion of its average variable cost curve.

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 07:31:34 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Growth rate of per capita income is equal to:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Growth rate of total output - Growth rate of population.

 

Growth rate of total output / Growth rate of population.

 

Growth rate of population / Growth rate of total output.

 

Growth rate of total output + Growth rate of population.

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 07:32:28 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If a firm operates in a perfectly competitive market, then it will most likely:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Advertise its product on television.

 

Have difficult time obtaining information about the market price.

 

Settle for whatever price is offered.

 

Have an easy time keeping other firms out of the market.

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 07:33:33 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Current account deficit is equal to:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Private sector resource deficit.

 

Government budget deficit.

 

Private sector resource deficit + Government budget deficit.

 

None of the given options.

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 09:39:58 PM )    Total Marks: 1

A tax on the accounting profits of corporations is known as:

Select correct option:

            Sales tax.

            Excise tax.

            Corporate income tax.

            Personal income tax.

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 09:43:09 PM )    Total Marks: 1

A group of modern economists who believe that markets clear very rapidly and that expanding the money supply will always increase prices rather than employment are the:

Select correct option:

            Keynesians

            Monetarists

            New Classical school

            Post-Keynesians

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 06:52:02 PM )    Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is NOT an account in the balance of payments?

Select correct option:

            Capital account.

            Financial account.

            Current account.

            Future account. http://wps.aw.com/aw_krgmnobstf_interecon_7/31/8119/2078581.cw/index.html

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 09:13:53 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In the United States, the M1 money supply consists of:

Select correct option:

            Paper currency and coins.

            Paper currency, coins and check- writing deposits.

            Paper currency, coins, check- writing deposits and savings deposits.

            Paper currency, coins, check- writing deposits, savings deposits and certificates of deposits.

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 09:18:57 PM ) Total Marks: 1

''Capital widening'' means:

Select correct option:

            More capital and more labour, but with the same amount of capital per unit of labour.

            More capital per unit of labour.

            Increasing the usage of existing capital.

            Importing capital from the developed world.

 

 

 

 

Quiz No 4

 

The principle that states that a change in investment causes a magnified change in income is termed as the: 

Select correct option: 

 

Water paradox.

Paradox of thrift.

Saving theorem.

Multiplier effect
 

The total market value of all final goods and services produced within a given period by factors of production located within a country is: 

Select correct option: 

 

Gross national product.

Gross domestic product. 

Net national product. 

Net national income

 

A source of fluctuations in investment spending is: 

Select correct option: 

 

Changes in government expectations of future output growth.

Changes in household's expectations about future output growth.

Changes in household's expectations about future risk.

Changes in investor's expectations about future profits

Fluctuations in investment have two sources. Some are triggered by changes in the real

interest rate r. A lower real interest rate means higher investment spending, and a higher

interest rate means lower investment spending. Other fluctuations are triggered by shifts

in investors' expectations about future growth, profits, and risk.

 

The economics news on the television reports that the dollar has strengthened relative to the Japanese yen. This means that: 

Select correct option: 

 

The dollar can now purchase more yen. www.24en.com/e/DoPrint/?classid=961&id=97619

The US trade balance with the Japanese economy has improved.

The yen can now purchase more dollars.

 

 

In the presence of a diminishing marginal rate of technical substitution between labor and capital, output can be kept unchanged only if: 

Select correct option

 

Equal successive sacrifices of capital go hand in hand with ever smaller increases of labor.

Equal successive sacrifices of capital go hand in hand with ever smaller sacrifices of labor.

Equal successive increases in labor go hand in hand with ever smaller increases in capital Equal successive increases in labor go hand in hand with ever smaller sacrifices of capital. www.colorado.edu/econ/courses/.../3070-practice-questions.pdf

 

 

To make the equation of exchange into the quantity theory of money: 

Select correct option: 

 

V and Q are assumed to be constant. daphne.palomar.edu/.../101%20Quizzes%20to%20Web%20page.doc

The money supply is assumed to be produced by the banking system and not exclusively in currency.

The quantity of money is assumed to determine the amount of Real GDP.

M and P are considered constant

 

 

The primary result of inflation is:

Select correct option:

A rise in personal wealth.

A rise in wages.

A decline in prices.

A decline in the value of money. tutor2u.net/themes/inflation/Quizzes/Inflation_Quiz.htm

 

 

 

The investment demand curve shows the relationship between the levels of:

Select correct option:

 

Investment and consumption.

Consumption and interest rate.

Investment and interest rate. Page 128 ok

Investment and saving.

 

Gross National Product (GNP) is:

Select correct option:

 

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) minus depreciation.

Net National Product (NNP) plus depreciation.  The sum of net national product and depreciation is gross national product (GNP)

National income discounted by the GDP deflator.

Income from foreign investments

 

 

The traditional Phillips Curve shows the:

Select correct option:

 

Inverse relationship between the rate of inflation and the unemployment rate. Online Book

Inverse relationship between the nominal and the real wage.

Direct relationship between unemployment and demand-pull inflation.

Tradeoff between the short run and the long run.

 

Following are the disadvantages of monopoly EXCEPT:

 Select correct option:

 

 

Monopolists earn higher profits.

 

Monopolists produce high quality goods at higher prices. (Page no 76) ok

 

Most of the “surplus” (producer + consumer surplus) accrues to monopolists.

 

Monopolists do not pay sufficient attention to increasing efficiency.

 

 

The “long run” is a time period in which:

Select correct option:

 

All inputs are variable. (online book)

All inputs are paid for.

All outputs are determined.

All loans are repaid.

 

The market structure in which strategic considerations are most important is:

Select correct option:

Monopolistic competition.

Oligopoly. econweb.rutgers.edu/besedes/sample_final_intermediate.pdf

Pure competition.

Pure monopoly.

 

Profit is maximized when:

Marginal revenue product is greater than marginal input cost

Marginal revenue product equals marginal input cost http://www.business.bgsu.edu/faculty_staff/Hoag/information/SG15.pdf

Marginal revenue product is less than marginal input cost

Output is maximized

 

 

If a firm operates in a perfectly competitive market, then it will most likely:

Select correct option:

Advertise its product on television.

Have difficult time obtaining information about the market price.

Settle for whatever price is offered. www.washburn.edu/sobu/dnizovtsev/200P06_PCKey.doc

Have an easy time keeping other firms out of the market.

 

If a country has flexible exchange rates and has more rapid inflation than other countries, its currency will:

Select correct option:

 Appreciate.

Depreciate. http://ingrimayne.com/econ/monetaryhistory/quiz15a_new.htm

Not change.

All of the given conditions may be possible.

 

The long run aggregate supply will shift to the right whenever:

Select correct option:

 

The price level increases

Factors of production (such as labor and capital) increase

Expenditures (such as consumption and net exports) increase

The prices of inputs used to produce goods and services (such as wages and the price of oil) decrease

 

Which of the following is not an assumption of ordinal utility analysis?

Select correct option: www.coursehero.com/file/97191/3070-practice-questions/

Consumers are consistent in their preference.

Consumers can measure the total utility received from any given basket of good. Consumers are non-satiated with respect to the goods they confront.

All are necessary.

 

Which one of the following is true with a pure monopoly?

Select correct option:

       The monopoly's demand curve and the market demand curve are one and the same.

       The market is dominated by just two firms.

       The monopolist will always charge the highest possible price.

       The monopolist will always charge a high price because it wants to maximize profits

 

Each of the following is one of the four sets of factors that determine the level of total spending EXCEPT:

Select correct option:

       Consumer's baseline spending, C0.

       Foreign real GDP, Yf.

       Government purchases,

G. Investor's baseline spending in the stock market.

 

Because of the relationship between a perfectly competitive firm's demand curve and its marginal revenue curve, the profit maximization condition for the firm can be written as:

Select correct option:

       P = MR

       P = AVC

       AR = MR

       P = MC

Unemployment benefits may increase the unemployment rate because unemployment benefits:

 

Reduce the cost of job search.  http://www.bized.co.uk/learn/economics/qbank/unemployment1.htm

Encourage people to quit their jobs.

Reduce the benefits of additional job searching.

 Enable people to quit searching for work.

 

 

To hire the next worker the firm pays $50. Fifty dollars is the:

 

Marginal input cost ok

Marginal cost

Marginal revenue product

Marginal revenue

 

Consider two commodities X and Y. If the cross-elasticity of demand is positive, it means the goods are:

 Select correct option:

 

 Independent.

 Complements.

 Substitutes. http://wps.aw.com/aw_perloff_microcalc_1/76/19615/5021484.cw/content/index.html

 Inferior.

 

 

The demand firm's for labor is:

 

The marginal revenue product curve (online book)

The marginal input cost curve

The marginal cost curve

Undetermined

Ref: The marginal revenue product gives combinations of wage rates and desired employment of labor for a firm, which means that it is the firm's labor demand curve

 

 

The market structure in which there is interdependence among firms is:

Select correct option:

       Monopolistic competition.

       Oligopoly.  http://econweb.rutgers.edu/besedes/sample_final_intermediate.pdf

       Perfect competition.

       Monopoly.

 

In a macroeconomic model, without foreign trade or government spending, aggregate demand is the sum of:

Select correct option:

Personal saving and private investment.

Personal saving and personal consumption.

Personal consumption and personal income.

Personal consumption and private investment. http://www.bized.co.uk/learn/economics/qbank/income4.htm

 

Naima has just finished school and is waiting to report to his new job at the beginning of the month. Naima is considered to be:

Select correct option:

       Structurally unemployed.

       Frictionally unemployed.

       Cyclically unemployed.

       Employed.

 

 

According to the quantity theory of money, if there is inflation, what must have caused it?

Increased velocity.

Higher budget deficits.

Higher oil prices.

An increase in the money supply. daphne.palomar.edu/.../101%20Quizzes%20to%20Web%20page.doc

 

Consumption spending, investment expenditures, government expenditures, and net exports are:

The components of aggregate supply

The components of government revenue

The components of aggregate demand

The components of household income

 

If the investment demand curve is vertical then:

Both monetary and fiscal policy are ineffective.

Both monetary and fiscal policy are effective.

Monetary policy is effective but fiscal policy is ineffective.

Monetary policy is ineffective but fiscal policy is effective.

 

An exchange rate system in which central banks are always ready to buy and sell their currencies at predetermined prices is called:

Select correct option:

       A dirty floating exchange rate system.

       A flexible exchange rate system.

A managed exchange rate system .

       A fixed exchange rate system.

 

In Keynesian economics, equilibrium can occur:

 Select correct option:

 

 Only at full employment.

 Only at levels less than full employment.

 Only at levels greater than full employment.

 At any level of aggregate output equal to aggregate expenditures.

 

In the equation MV = PQ, according to the crude quantity theory of money:

 Select correct option:

 

 M has no effect on the price level.

 V is the number of times each dollar is spent per year. aphne.palomar.edu/.../101%20Quizzes%20to%20Web%20page.doc

 Q is the real price level.

 P rises as V falls, other things constant.

 

If a profit-maximizing firm finds that, at its current level of production, MR < MC, it will:

Select correct option:

       Increase output.

       Operate at a loss.

       Shut down.

       Decrease output. econweb.tamu.edu/mwatugala/.../MockExam2.pdf - United States

 

A government is faced with a balance of payments deficit. It may take action to deal with this by doing all of the following except:

Select correct option:

       Devalue the currency.

       Reduce interest rates.

       Restrict consumer spending.

       Restrict imports

 

In the classical model, given an initial aggregate equilibrium at full employment, the long run effect of an increase in government spending is;

Select correct option:

       An increase in the price level

       An upward shift of the aggregate demand curve

A constant level of output

       All of the above

 

Which of the following statements is accurate about a competitive market in the long run?

Select correct option:

       Firms break even.

       Firms experience profits.

       New firms enter the market. (not 100% sure)

       Firms experience losses

 

In a macroeconomic model, without foreign trade or government spending, aggregate demand is the sum of:

Select correct option:

       Personal saving and private investment.

       Personal saving and personal consumption.

       Personal consumption and personal income.

Personal consumption and private investment. www.bized.co.uk › ... › Economics › Question Bank

According to the classical economists, those who are not working:

Select correct option:

       Are unable to find a job at the current wage rate.

       Are too productive to be hired at the current wage.

       Have choosen not to work at the market wage. www.bized.co.uk › ... › Economics › Question Bank

Have given up looking for a job, but would accept a job at the current wage if one were offered to them

 

The aggregate supply curve is the relationship between the: 

Select correct option:

 

Price level and the real domestic output purchased

Price level and the real domestic output produced (online book)

Price level which producers are willing to accept and the price level purchasers are willing to pay 

Real domestic output purchased and the real domestic output produced

 

The war in Iraq sent oil prices spiraling upwards, resulting in an increase in the overall price level. This is an example of which type of inflation?

 Select correct option:

 

 

Cost-pull.

 

Cost-push.(CORRECT)

 

Demand-pull.

 

Demand-push.

 

 

When the marginal revenue product is greater than the marginal input cost of labor, the profit maximizing firm will: 

Select correct option: 

 

Hire more www.bized.co.uk › ... › Economics › Question Bank

Hire less

Maintain the same employment

Decrease output

 

Real GDP: 

Select correct option: 

 

 Is nominal GDP adjusted for changes in the price level. (online book)

 Is also called nominal GDP.

 Measures GDP minus depreciation of capital.

 Will always change when prices change

 

The relationship between consumer spending and income is known as the:

 

 

45-degree line.

Consumption function. (online book)

Investment function.

Consumer price index

 

 

The market structure in which strategic considerations are most important is: 

Select correct option: 

 

 Monopolistic competition.

 Oligopoly. Practice Final file

 Pure competition.

 Pure monopoly.

 

 

The most important factor in determining the long-run profit potential in monopolistic competition is:

 

Free entry and exit.

The elasticity of the market demand curve.

The elasticity of the firm's demand curve.

The reaction of rival firms to a change in price.

 

The relationship between tax rates and total tax collections by government is known as: 

Select correct option: 

 

Laffer curve. 

Demand curve. 

Supply curve. 

Investment curve.

 Saud Afzal:  MV= PT

1

 Lakoda:  hmm ok

 

The money aggregate M1 does not include: 

Select correct option: 

 

Currency in the hands of the public. 

Traveler's checks that have been issued. 

Currency in the vaults of commercial banks. 

Demand deposits at commercial banks.

 

The classical economists thought that the economy would quickly overcome any short run instability because: 

Select correct option: 

 

Price level and quantity were flexible 

Prices would get stuck at a low level 

The long run aggregate supply would shift to the left

Prices and wages were flexible

 

In the Keynesian cross model, the 45-degree line has a slope of: 

Select correct option: 

 

 1.

 0.

 45.

 Infinity.

 

 

 

In Keynesian economics, if aggregate expenditures are less than aggregate output then:

Select correct option:

       The price level rises.

       Inventories decrease. (no)

       Employment decreases.

       Aggregate output increases. (no)

 

If injections are less than withdrawals at the full-employment level of income then there arises:

 

A deflationary gap. (may be)

Hysteresis.

Hyperinflation.

An inflationary gap.

 

An economist will define the exchange rate between two currencies as the

Amount of one currency that must be paid in order to obtain one unit of another currency.

       Difference between total exports and total imports within a country.

       Price at which the sales and purchases of foreign goods takes place.

       Ratio of import prices to export prices for a particular country.

Ref: http://www.bized.co.uk/learn/economics/qbank/international3.htm

 

 

 

In the exogenous growth model, if investment exceeds depreciation, the capital stock will____ and output will ____ until the steady state is attained. 

Select correct option: 

 

Increase; increase. (eco paper 3070)

Increase; decrease.

Decrease; decrease.

Decrease; increase

 

Is GDP an accurate measure of a country’s well being? 

Select correct option: 

 

Yes, it is the best measure of national well being.

Yes, provided we use real GDP and not nominal GDP.

Uncertain, depending on whether GDP is rising or falling.

No, it is not.

 

Endogenous growth theory differs in what essential aspect from the Solow theory of economic growth? 

Select correct option:  www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199264964/01student/mcqs/ch18/

 

Endogenous growth theory is a monetary theory whereas the Solow theory is a real theory. 

Endogenous growth theory assumes diminishing returns to capital and the Solow theory assumes constant returns. 

In endogenous growth theory, economies with the same technology and saving rate need not converge to the same steady state as in the Solow model.

 All of the given options are correct.

 

 

If the prices of all goods and services rise during the year: 

Select correct option: 

 

 Real GDP may fall.

 Nominal GDP must fall.

 Nominal GDP may increase.  (web search mcq’s)

 Real GDP must rise.

 

 

 

A nation's balance of payments can be affected by changes in: 

Select correct option: 

 

Foreign income.

The differential between domestic and foreign interest rates. 

The real exchange rate.

All of the given options

 

What does the term "balance of payments deficit" refer to?

Select correct option: http://wps.aw.com/aw_krgmnobstf_interecon_7/31/8119/2078582.cw/content/index.html

       An increase in official international reserves.

       A positive statistical discrepancy.

       A negative statistical discrepancy.

       A decline in official international reserves.

 

The unemployment rate is equal to :

Select correct option:

       Number of employed persons / labour force x 100.

       Number of unemployed persons + labour force.

       (Number of unemployed persons / labour force) x 100. (online book)

       None of the given options

 

The total market value of all final goods and services produced within a given period by factors of production located within a country is:

Select correct option:

       Gross national product.

       Gross domestic product. (online book)

       Net national product.

       Net national income.

 

The long run aggregate supply will shift to the right whenever:

Select correct option:

       The price level increases

       Factors of production (such as labor and capital) increase

       Expenditures (such as consumption and net exports) increase

The prices of inputs used to produce goods and services (such as wages and the price of oil) decrease

 

if disposable income increases from $5 trillion to $6 trillion and, as a result, consumption expenditure increases from $7 trillion to $7.8 trillion, the Marginal Propensity to Consume is:

Select correct option:

       1.0.

       0.8. mailer.fsu.edu/~jcobbe/2013/f01/qz3f01.doc

       5/7 = 0.71.

       6/7.8 = 0.77.

 Lakoda:  2nd

 

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 01:57:16 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A Natural Monopoly is most likely to exist when:

Select correct option:

There are large barriers to entry.

There are long term patents.

There are large economies of scale.

There is government regulation of the industry.

(I'm not 100% about this question, but kindly see handouts, page # 56. I think option # 3 "There are large economies of scale" seems most appropriate. Anyways I'll go with this option)

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 01:57:59 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Indifference curves that are convex to the origin reflect:

Select correct option:

An increasing marginal rate of substitution.

A decreasing marginal rate of substitution.

A constant marginal rate of substitution.

A marginal rate of substitution that first decreases, then increases.

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 01:58:36 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Real GDP is equal to:

Select correct option:

Nominal GDP – Inflation.

Nominal GDP + Inflation.

Nominal GDP / Inflation.

Inflation / Nominal GDP.

(I think it is the first option, but anyways, please confirm it too)

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 01:59:54 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following can be thought of as a barrier to entry?

Select correct option:

Scale economies.

Patents.

Strategic actions by incumbent firms.

All of the given options are true.

(I'm not 100% sure, but I selected option # 4 and I think it is correct)

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 02:00:40 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If marginal product is above the average product:

Select correct option:

The total product will fall

The average product will rise (see page # 55)

Average variable costs will fall

Total revenue will fall

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 02:01:57 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

Select correct option:

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left

Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right

Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 02:02:41 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A Demand Curve is price inelastic when:

Select correct option:

Changes in demand are proportionately smaller than those in price

Changes in demand are proportionately greater than those in price

Changes in demand are equal than those in price

None of the given options.

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 02:03:50 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Oligopoly differs from monopolistic competition in that an oligopoly includes:

Select correct option:

Product differentiation.

No barriers to entry.

Barriers to entry. (see handouts, page # 54)

Downward sloping demand curves facing the firm.

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 02:04:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The good produced by a monopoly:

Select correct option:

Has perfect substitutes

Has no substitutes at all

Has no close substitutes

Can be easily duplicated

(I got confused b/w option # 2 and 3. But I think option # 2 is correct, anyways please try to verify it)

 

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 02:05:52 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:

Select correct option:

Shortages

Surpluses

Equilibrium

None of the given options.

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 02:06:48 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Our economy is characterized by:

Select correct option:

Unlimited wants and needs

Unlimited material resources

No energy resources

Abundant productive labor

 

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 02:07:16 PM ) Total Marks: 1

This market situation is much like a pure monopoly except that its member firms tend to cheat on agreed upon price and output strategies. What is it?

Select correct option:

Duopol

Cartel

Market sharing monopoly

Natural monopoly

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 02:07:42 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is not a reason why the aggregate demand curve slopes downward?

Select correct option:

The exchange-rate effect

The wealth effect.

The classical dichotomy/monetary neutrality effects. Reference: Page # 79 of handouts ok

The interest-rate effect

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 02:08:50 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Diminishing marginal returns implies:

Select correct option:

Decreasing marginal costs.

Increasing marginal costs.

Decreasing average variable costs.

Decreasing average fixed costs.

 

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diminishing_returns

(Read Returns and costs heading)

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 02:10:03 PM ) Total Marks: 1

When government sets the price of a good and that price is above the equilibrium price, the result will be:

Select correct option:

A surplus of the good

A shortage of the good

An increase in the demand for the good

A decrease in the supply of the good

 

 

Other quiz

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 04:18:55 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The average propensity to consume is the ratio of:

Select correct option:

 

A change in consumption to a change in disposable income.

A change in consumption to total disposable income at a specific income level.

Total consumption to total disposable income at a specific income level.

Total consumption to a change in disposable income.

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 04:19:31 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A firm never operates:

Select correct option:

 

At the minimum of its average total cost curve.

At the minimum of its average variable cost curve.

On the downward-sloping portion of its average total cost curve.

On the downward-sloping portion of its average variable cost curve.

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 04:19:41 PM ) Total Marks: 1

An important difference between the approaches of the classical and Keynesian economists use to achieve a macroeconomic equilibrium is that:

Select correct option:

 

Keynesian economists actively promote the use of fiscal policy; the classical economists do not

Keynesian economists actively promote the use of monetary policy to improve aggregate economic performance; classical economists do not

classical economists believe that monetary policy will certainly affect the level of output; Keynesians believe that money growth affects only prices

classical economists believe that fiscal policy is an effective tool for achieving economic stability; Keynesians do not

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 04:19:51 PM ) Total Marks: 1

When an industry's raw material costs increase, other things remaining the same:

Select correct option:

 

The supply curve shifts to the left.

The supply curve shifts to the right.

Output increases regardless of the market price and the supply curve shifts upward.

Output decreases and the market price also decrease.

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 04:20:00 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Assume that the government sets a ceiling on the interest rate that banks charge on loans. If the ceiling is set below the market equilibrium interest rate, the result will be:

Select correct option:

 

A surplus of credit.

A shortage of credit.

Greater profits for banks issuing credit.

A perfectly inelastic supply of credit in the market place.

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 04:20:11 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Demand is elastic when the elasticity of demand is:

Select correct option:

 

Greater than 0

Greater than 1

Less than 1

Less than 0

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 04:20:23 PM ) Total Marks: 1

You observe that the price of houses and the number of houses purchased both rise over the course of the year. You conclude that:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The demand for houses has increased

The demand curve for houses must be upward-sloping

The supply of houses has increased

Housing construction costs must be decreasing

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 04:20:30 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In the long run, competitive firms MUST be profit maximizes, because if they do not maximize profits:

Select correct option:

 

They will attract new competitors.

They will not be price takers.

The profits that they do earn will only cover variable costs.

They will not survive.

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 04:20:40 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Suppose the short-run production function is q = 10 * L. If the wage rate is $10 per unit of labor, then MC=

Select correct option:

 

q/10

0/q

q

1

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 04:20:51 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Potential GDP is an estimate of the economy’s ability to produce goods and services if:

Select correct option:

 

Labor force is fully employed. http://cda.morris.umn.edu/~binac/Study%20Questions/macroQ2-S-04.pdf

Price level is stable.

Trade balance is zero.

Federal budget is balanced.

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 04:21:00 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Those who hold the classical view of the labour market are likely to believe that

Select correct option:

 

Monetary, but not fiscal policy will have an effect on output and employment

Fiscal but not monetary policy will have an effect on output and employment.

Both monetary and fiscal policy will have an effect on output and employment.

Neither monetary nor fiscal policy will have an effect on output and employment.

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 04:21:12 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following would cause the short run aggregate supply curve to shift to the left, but have no effect over the long run aggregate supply?

Select correct option:

 

The amount of factors of production (such as labor and capital) increase

The amount of factors of production (such as labor and capital) decrease

Prices of inputs (such as wages or oil prices) increase

Prices of inputs (such as wages or oil prices) decrease

 

Which of the following would be considered as a characteristic of money?

Select correct option:

       It is a store of value.

       It pays a higher return than most assets.

       It is in fixed supply.

       It is legal tender everywhere in the world.

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 09:46:19 PM )         Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is a benefit of real economic growth to a society?

Select correct option:

       Everyone enjoys a greater nominal income.

       The standard of living increases.

       The burden of scarcity increases.

       The society is less able to satisfy new wants.

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 09:50:17 PM )         Total Marks: 1

The saving function is:

Select correct option:

       The level of planned saving for every change in disposable income.

       The level of planned saving at different levels of disposable income.

       The ratio of total saving to total disposable income.

       The ratio of a change in planned saving to a change in disposable income.

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 09:51:26 PM )         Total Marks: 1

Which of the following events could cause the ADI curve to shift to the right?

Select correct option:

       A decrease in the rate of inflation

       A decrease in government expenditures

       A decrease in investment spending

       A decrease in income tax rates

 

The government has a balanced budget if:

Select correct option:

       Its total revenues are equal to its total expenditures.

       Its total revenues are less than its total expenditures.

       Its total revenues are greater than its total expenditures.

       The money supply is less than total expenditures.

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 04:21:35 PM ) Total Marks: 1

According to Keynesian economics, aggregate expenditures are the sum of desired or planned spending undertaken by:

Select correct option:

 

The household sector after taxes.

The business and government sectors.

All four sectors only when the economy is at full employment.

All four sectors at a specific aggregate production level.

 

The trend of unemployment over the last forty years is:

Select correct option:

       A decrease in unemployment.

       It has remained largely unchanged.

       An increase in unemployment.

       It is too difficult to tell so don't bother

 

A Demand Curve is price inelastic when:

Select correct option:

       Changes in demand are proportionately smaller than those in price

       Changes in demand are proportionately greater than those in price

       Changes in demand are equal than those in price

       None of the given options.

Mostly in that situation, when the good is a necessity. e.g. food items.

http://www.s-cool.co.uk/alevel/economics/elasticities/price-elasticity-of-demand.html

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 04:21:43 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The demand curve facing a perfectly competitive firm is:

Select correct option:

 

The same as the market demand curve.

Downward-sloping and less flat than the market demand curve.

Downward-sloping and more flat than the market demand curve.

Perfectly horizontal.

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 04:21:53 PM ) Total Marks: 1

An economist will define the exchange rate between two currencies as the:

Select correct option:

 

Amount of one currency that must be paid in order to obtain one unit of another currency.

Difference between total exports and total imports within a country.

Price at which the sales and purchases of foreign goods takes place.

Ratio of import prices to export prices for a particular country.

 

A government wishing to reduce a deficit on the current account of their balance of payments through the use of fiscal policy would be most likely to:

 

Raise direct taxation.

Introduce an import quota.

Reduce the rate of value added tax on all goods and services.

Raise interest rates.

 

From year 2002 to year 2003, personal income rose by $500 billion. If the Marginal Propensity to Consume = 0.9, then personal consumption expenditures rose by:

 

$45.0 billion.

$500 billion.

$450 billion. (page no 127)

$50 billion.

 

Other Quiz

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 07:34:09 AM ) Total Marks: 1

An exchange rate that has an officially fixed value less than its fundamental value is called a(n) _______ exchange rate.

Select correct option:

 

Devalued.

Revalued.

Depreciated.

Undervalued.

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 07:35:24 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Inflation:

Select correct option:

 

Reduces both the purchasing power of the dollar and one's real income.

Reduces the purchasing power of the dollar and increases one's real income.

Reduces the purchasing power of the dollar but may have no impact on one's real income.

Increases the purchasing power of the dollar and reduces one's real income.

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 07:36:43 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Monopolistic competition and oligopoly share which characteristic?

Select correct option:

 

Free entry and exit from the industry

Strategic behavior

Standardized products

Advertising

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 07:37:42 AM ) Total Marks: 1

The effect of a change in income on the quantity of the good consumed is called the:

Select correct option:

 

Income effect

Budget effect

Substitution effect

Real income effect

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 07:39:05 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Deflation is:

Select correct option:

 

An increase in the overall level of economic activity.

An increase in the overall price level.

A decrease in the overall level of economic activity.

A decrease in the overall price level.

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 07:40:18 AM ) Total Marks: 1

If the income elasticity of demand for boots is 0.2, a 10% increase in consumer income will lead to a:

Select correct option:

 

20 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

20 percent decrease in the quantity of boots demanded

2 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

0.2 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 07:41:23 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Real GDP is equal to:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Nominal GDP – Inflation.

Nominal GDP + Inflation.

Nominal GDP / Inflation.

Inflation / Nominal GDP.

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 07:42:53 AM ) Total Marks: 1

GDP measures:

Select correct option:

 

Expenditure on all final goods and services.

Total income of everyone in the economy.

Total value-added by all firms in the economy.

All of the given options

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 07:43:14 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Fixed exchange rates may be preferred to floating exchange rates because with fixed exchange rates:

Select correct option:

 

There is greater stability of the exchange rate which encourages trade and investment.

There is less likely to be a balance of payments deficit.

There is less need for a country to hold large reserves of foreign currency.

Interest rates can be used to meet domestic policy objectives such as keeping growth stable.

 

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 07:43:57 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Diminishing marginal returns implies:

Select correct option:

 

Decreasing marginal costs.

Increasing marginal costs.

Decreasing average variable costs.

Decreasing average fixed costs.

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 07:44:10 AM ) Total Marks: 1

The slope of the saving function (or line) is the:

Select correct option:

 

Average propensity to save.

Average propensity to consume.

Marginal propensity to save.

Marginal propensity to consume.

 

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 07:45:36 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Personal income:

Select correct option:

 

Is income received by individuals during a given year.

Is the income individuals have available for spending during a given year.

Equals national income minus indirect taxes.

Is the sum of wages plus interest received by individuals during a given year.

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 07:47:10 AM ) Total Marks: 1

The point at which AC intersects MC is where:

Select correct option:

 

AC is decreasing.

MC is at its minimum.

AC is at its minimum.

AC is at its maximum.

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 07:48:02 AM ) Total Marks: 1

A graph showing all the combinations of capital and labour available for a given total cost is the:

Select correct option:

 

Budget constraint.

Expenditure set.

isoquant.

isocost line.

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 07:49:13 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Microeconomics is the branch of economics that deals with which of the following topics?

Select correct option:

 

The behavior of individual consumers

Unemployment and interest rates

The behavior of individual firms and investors

The behavior of individual consumers and behavior of individual firms and investors.

 

Other Quiz

 

In the long run, profits will equal zero in a competitive market because of:

Select correct option:

 

The availability of information.

Identical products being produced by all firms.

Constant returns to scale.

Free entry and exit

 

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

Select correct option:

 

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left

Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right

Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

When the price of petrol rises 10%, the quantity of petrol purchased falls by 8%. The demand for petrol is:

Select correct option:

 

Perfectly elastic

Unit elastic

Elastic

Inelastic

 

Which of the following would cause the short run aggregate supply curve to shift to the left, but have no effect over the long run aggregate supply?

Select correct option:

 

The amount of factors of production (such as labor and capital) increase

The amount of factors of production (such as labor and capital) decrease

Prices of inputs (such as wages or oil prices) increase

Prices of inputs (such as wages or oil prices) decrease

 

Economic activity moves from a trough into a period of _______until it reaches a _____ and then into a period of _______.

Select correct option:

 

Expansion; trough; recession.

Recession; trough; expansion.

Expansion; peak; recession.

Recession; peak; expansion.

 

The figure that results when goods imports are subtracted from goods exports is:

 

 

The capital account balance.

 

The balance of trade. tucker.swlearning.com/eft4e/isc/practice/PQ28EFT4e.ppt

 

Always greater than zero.

 

Always less than zero.

 

Ref: The capital account records payments for financial capital, such as stocks and bonds. The current account includes trade in currently produced goods and services.

 

 

 

If firms in a competitive industry are experiencing losses in the short run, then:

Select correct option:

 

The firms will try to raise prices.

Some firms will choose to shut down.

The industry will cease to exist.

New firms will enter the industry.

 

 

The labour force is made up of:

The number of people employed minus the number of people unemployed.

The number of people employed plus the number of people unemployed. (online book)

Just the number of people employed.

The whole population.

 

 

A monopolistically competitive firm in short run equilibrium:

Select correct option:

 

Will make negative profit (lose money).

Will make zero profit (break-even).

Will make positive profit.

Any of the given is possible.

 

 

The cross elasticity of demand of complements goods is:

Select correct option:

 

Less than 0.

Equal to 0.

Greater than 0.

Between 0 and 1.

 

 

An exchange rate that has an officially fixed value less than its fundamental value is called a(n) _______ exchange rate.

Select correct option:

 

Devalued.

Revalued.

Depreciated.

Undervalued.

 

 

Assume that the current market price is below the market clearing level. We would expect:

Select correct option:

 

A surplus to accumulate.

Downward pressure on the current market price.

Upward pressure on the current market price.

Lower production during the next time period.

 

 

Growth rate of per capita income is equal to:

Select correct option:

 Growth rate of total output - Growth rate of population.

 Growth rate of total output / Growth rate of population.

 Growth rate of population / Growth rate of total output.

 Growth rate of total output + Growth rate of population.

 

 

One explanation why the economy does not self correct quickly is

Select correct option:

 

With less consumption and more savings the interest rate will drop

In the short run workers are fully employed and cannot produce enough to get to long run equilibrium

Wages and prices are flexible

Wages and prices are sticky

 

 

Which of the following could be considered a fixed cost for a pizza store?

Select correct option:

 

The mortgage payment on the store.

Tomatoes and cheese.

The utility cost to operate the ovens.

Pizza boxes.

 

 

If diminishing marginal utility holds, and a person consumes less of a good, then all else being equal:

Select correct option:

 

The price of the good will rise.

Marginal utility will rise

Expenditure on the good will increase

Marginal utility will decline

 

 

When drawing demand and supply curves, economists are assuming that the primary influence on production and purchasing decisions is:

Select correct option:

 

Price

Cost of production

The overall state of the economy

Consumer incomes

 

Quiz No 3

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 04:23:56 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In the kinked demand curve model, if one firm reduces its price:

 Select correct option:

 

 

Other firms will also reduce their price 90%

 Other firms will compete on a non-price basis

 Other firms will raise their price

 Both (a) and (b) are correct

 

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 04:27:23 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Suppose price rises from $15 to $17 and quantity demanded decreases by 20%. We can conclude:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Demand is inelastic

 

The elasticity of demand is 2

 

Total revenue will decrease

 

Demand is unit elastic

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 04:28:09 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A reason why some economists basically ignore the short run is because they believe that the economy:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Has self-correcting mechanisms

 

Can only be graphed with a vertical curve

 

Can only be graphed with a horizontal curve

 

Never needs correction

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 04:28:56 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following statements describes increasing returns to scale:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Doubling the inputs used leads to double the output.

 

Increasing the inputs by 50% leads to a 25% increase in output.

 

Increasing inputs by 1/4 leads to an increase in output of 1/3.

 

None of the given options.

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 04:29:12 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The demand curve faced by an individual firm in a competitive market is:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Upward sloping.

 

Downward sloping.

 

Horizontal.

 

Vertical.

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 04:30:13 PM ) Total Marks: 1

unlike the classical economists, Keynes believed that the economy could get stuck in the short run for a significant period of time because:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

There was insufficient aggregate supply

There was insufficient aggregate demand

The self correcting mechanisms worked too quickly

The government purchased too many goods and services

 

 

 

According to classical economists, the:

 

Select correct option:

 

       Aggregate demand curve is downward sloping and the aggregate supply curve is vertical page # 108

       Aggregate demand curve is downward sloping and the aggregate supply curve is upward sloping

       Aggregate demand curve is vertical and the aggregate supply curve is upward sloping

       Aggregate demand curve is vertical and the aggregate supply curve is horizontal

 

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 04:31:08 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The kinked demand curve model is based on the assumption that each firm:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Considers its rival's output to be fixed

 

Considers its rival's price to be fixed

 

Believes rivals will match all price changes

 

None of the given options

 

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 04:31:46 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Marginal Cost is defined as:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

The derivative of variable cost with respect to quantity produced.

 

The derivative of Average Cost with respect to quantity produced.

 

The derivative of Total Cost with respect to quantity produced.

 

None of the given option.

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 04:32:31 PM )       Total Marks: 1

The firm's demand for labor is:

 Select correct option:

 

The marginal revenue product curve

The marginal input cost curve

The marginal cost curve

Undetermined

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 04:33:08 PM )       Total Marks: 1

The oligopoly model that predicts that oligopoly prices will tend to be very rigid is the ______________ model.

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Cournot

 

Stackelberg

 

Dminant firm

 

kinked demand

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 04:33:34 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Other things equal, expected income can be used as a direct measure of well-being:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

No matter what a person's preference to risk.

 

If and only if individuals are not risk-loving.

 

If and only if individuals are risk averse.

 

If and only if individuals are risk neutral.

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 04:34:46 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Any shift in AD curve will cause only change in the price level but output will not change.

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

True

 

False

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 04:35:23 PM )       Total Marks: 1

There are __________________methods of measuring GDP:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Four

 

Three

 

Five

 

None

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 04:39:03 PM ) Total Marks: 1

An individual whose attitude toward risk is illustrated:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Risk averse.

 

Risk loving.

 

Risk neutral.

 

None of the given is necessarily correct.

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 04:39:17 PM ) Total Marks: 1

For a firm buying labor competitively, the marginal input cost is equal to the:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Wage

 

Interest rate

 

Price of output

 

cost of raw materials

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 04:39:49 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

 

Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left

 

Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right

 

Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 04:40:50 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The law of diminishing returns assumes:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

There are no fixed factors of production.

 

There are no variable factors of production.

 

Utility is maximised when marginal product falls.

 

Some factors of production are fixed.

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 04:42:06 PM ) Total Marks: 1

unlike the classical economists, Keynes believed that the economy could get stuck in the short run for a significant period of time because:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

There was insufficient aggregate supply

 

There was insufficient aggregate demand

 

The self correcting mechanisms worked too quickly

 

The government purchased too many goods and services

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 04:43:13 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Price floor results in:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Equilibrium

 

Excess demand

 

Excess supply

 

All of the given options

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 04:45:34 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following markets is most likely to be oligopolistic?

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

The market for corn.

 

The market for aluminum.

 

The market for colas.

 

The market for ground coffees.

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 04:46:37 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The point at which AC intersects MC is where:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

AC is decreasing.

 

MC is at its minimum.

 

AC is at its minimum.

 

AC is at its maximum.

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 04:47:58 PM )       Total Marks: 1

The good produced by a monopoly:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Has perfect substitutes

 

Has no substitutes at all

 

Has no close substitutes

 

Can be easily duplicated

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 04:48:22 PM )       Total Marks: 1

The effect of a change in the price of a good or service on the quantities consumed when the consumer remains indifferent between the original and new combination of goods consumed is the:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Substitution effect

 

Real income effect

 

Income effect

 

Price effect

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 04:49:03 PM )       Total Marks: 1

According to the model of aggregate supply and aggregate demand, in the long run, an increase in the money supply should cause

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Prices to rise and output to rise.

 

Prices to fall and output to remain unchanged

 

Prices to fall and output to fall.

 

Prices to rise and output to remain unchanged

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 04:50:09 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Although there are many reasons why a market can be non-competitive, the principal economic difference between a competitive and a non-competitive market is:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

The number of firms in the market.

 

The extent to which any firm can influence the price of the product.

 

The size of the firms in the market.

 

The annual sales made by the largest firms in the market.

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 04:54:25 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Any shift in AD curve will cause only change in the price level but output will not change.

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

True

 

False

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 04:54:49 PM ) Total Marks: 1

AD curve slopes upward for both Keynes and classical

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

True page  108

 

False

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 04:55:13 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Under New Classical macroeconomics monetary policy:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Affects the level of equilibrium output

 

Affects the composition of equilibrium output

 

Affects both the level and composition of equilibrium output

 

None of the given options

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 04:56:12 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Our economy is characterized by:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Unlimited wants and needs   

 

Unlimited material resources

 

No energy resources

 

Abundant productive labor

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 04:56:36 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A Demand Curve is price inelastic when:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Changes in demand are proportionately smaller than those in price

 

Changes in demand are proportionately greater than those in price

 

Changes in demand are equal than those in price

 

None of the given options.

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 04:57:16 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If the total product of labor per day is as shown in the chart below and the price of the product is $10/unit, how many employees will be hired if the wage rate is $99/day? Labor Total output 1 10 2 25 3 35 4 40 5 41

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4 The marginal product of 10 times the $10 price of the product means the 3rd worker brings in $100 for the employer and cost him only $99. The 4th worker would bring in less than $99

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 04:58:31 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The AD Curve is downward sloping because of all of the following reasons except that:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

The Fed raises real interest rates as inflation increases

 

The Fed raises nominal interest rates as inflation rises

 

The Fed intentionally tries to reduce the level of aggregate demand when inflation rises.

 

The Fed intentionally tries to increase the level of output as unemployment increases

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 04:59:42 PM )       Total Marks: 1

A person with a diminishing marginal utility of income:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Will be risk averse.

 

Will be risk neutral.

 

Will be risk loving.

 

Cannot decide without more information.

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 04:59:57 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Final goods are meant for:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Direct use by the consumers

further processing

The term do not exist

None

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 05:00:38 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Which of the following concepts apply to oligopoly more than to any other market structure?

 Select correct option:

 

Advertising and product differentiation

Easy entry and more than one firm in the market

Homogeneous product and perfect information

Concentration and interdependence

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 05:01:15 PM )       Total Marks: 1

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Shortages

 

Surpluses

 

Equilibrium

 

None of the given options.

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 05:02:37 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is not a stock variable?

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Government debt

The labor force

The amount of money held by the public

Inventory investment

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 05:03:15 PM )       Total Marks: 1

An important difference between the approaches of the classical and Keynesian economists use to achieve a macroeconomic equilibrium is that:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Keynesian economists actively promote the use of fiscal policy; the classical economists do not

 

Keynesian economists actively promote the use of monetary policy to improve aggregate economic performance; classical economists do not

 

classical economists believe that monetary policy will certainly affect the level of output; Keynesians believe that money growth affects only prices

 

classical economists believe that fiscal policy is an effective tool for achieving economic stability; Keynesians do not

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 04:51:21 PM )       Total Marks: 1

Gina's Hair Styling rents storage space in the basement from Gina's mom for $300 per month. Gina's mom is thinking of increasing the rent to $400 per month. As a result, Gina's marginal cost of styling hair will:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Decrease by $100.

 

Not change.

 

Increase by $100 divided the number of customers.

 

Increase by $100.

 

 

 

 

                       

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 03:11:12 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

Intermediate goods are meant for:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Direct use by the consumers

      further processing

      The term do not exist

      None

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 03:12:20 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

Marginal Cost is defined as:

 

Select correct option:

 

      The derivative of variable cost with respect to quantity produced.

      The derivative of Average Cost with respect to quantity produced.

      The derivative of Total Cost with respect to quantity produced.

      None of the given option. Because average and total cost both are marginal cost http://wps.aw.com/aw_perloff_microcalc_1/76/19615/5021599.cw/content/index.html

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 03:14:49 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

      Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left

      Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right

      Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 03:15:57 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

In pure capitalism, freedom of enterprise means that:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Businesses are free to produce products that consumers want

      Consumers are free to buy goods and services that they want

      Resources are distributed freely to businesses that want them

      Government is free to direct the actions of businesses

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 03:17:58 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

Under New Classical macroeconomics monetary policy:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Affects the level of equilibrium output

      Affects the composition of equilibrium output

      Affects both the level and composition of equilibrium output

      None of the given options

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 03:19:36 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

If the total product of labor per day is as shown in the chart below and the price of the product is $10/unit, what is the value of the marginal product (VMPL) of the 5th worker? Labor Total output 1 10 2 25 3 35 4 40 5 41

 

Select correct option:

      5

      10

      50

      100

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 03:20:26 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

The numerical measurement of a consumer's preference is called:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Satisfaction

      Use

      Pleasure

      Utility

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 03:21:24 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

Monopolistically competitive firms have monopoly power because they:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Face downward sloping demand curves. ok

      Are great in number.

      Have freedom of entry.

      Are free to advertise.

 

Ref: http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:RBr968Wd9qsJ:econweb.rutgers.edu/besedes/sample_final_intermediate.pdf+Monopolistically+competitive+firms+have+monopoly+power+because+they:+Face+downward+sloping+demand+curves.+Are+great+in+number.+Have+freedom+of+entry.+Are+free+to+advertise.&hl=en&gl=pk&sig=AHIEtbQwVHPTBRyX_EoagUz3kZxbuOZp2w

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 03:22:30 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

An important difference between the approaches of the classical and Keynesian economists use to achieve a macroeconomic equilibrium is that:

 

Select correct option:

 

      Keynesian economists actively promote the use of fiscal policy; the classical economists do not

      Keynesian economists actively promote the use of monetary policy to improve aggregate economic performance; classical economists do not

      classical economists believe that monetary policy will certainly affect the level of output; Keynesians believe that money growth affects only prices

      classical economists believe that fiscal policy is an effective tool for achieving economic stability; Keynesians do not

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 03:23:47 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

Any shift in AD curve will cause only change in the price level but output will not change.

 

Select correct option:

 

      True

      False

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 05:30:28 PM ) Total Marks: 1

In which market structure do firms exist in very large numbers, each firm produces an identical product and there is freedom of entry and exit?

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Monopoly

 

Oligopoly

 

Perfect competition

 

Monopolistic competition

 

 

"Giffen good" is defined as one for which:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Marginal utility is zero.

 

The demand curve is perfectly elastic.

 

curve slopes downward for both Keynes and classicals.

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

True

 

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 05:33:02 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Shortages

 

Surpluses

 

Equilibrium

 

If the total product of labor per day is as shown in the chart below and the price of the product is $10/unit, what is the value of the marginal product (VMPL) of the 5th worker? Labor Total output 1 10 2 25 3 35 4 40 5 41

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

5

 

10

 

50

 

that steak and potatoes are complements. When the price of steak goes up, the demand curve for potatoes:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Shifts to the left.

 

Shifts to the right.

 

Remains constant.

 

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

 

Higher price shifts the demand

 

A monopolistically competitive firm in short run equilibrium:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Will make negative profit (lose money).

 

An important difference between the approaches of the classical and Keynesian economists use to achieve a macroeconomic equilibrium is that:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Keynesian economists actively promote the use of fiscal policy; the classical economists do not

 

Keynesian economists actively promote the use of monetary policy to improve aggregate economic performance; classical economists do not

 

classical economists believe

 

Which of the following statements describes the presence of diminishing returns.

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

The marginal product of a factor is positive and rising.

 

The marginal product of a factor is positive but falling.

 

Cartels are:

 Select correct option:

 

 

 

Organizations of independent firms, producing similar products, that work together to raise prices and restrict output

 

Organizations

 

 

 

 

                             

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 03:35:57 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Which school of thought holds that decreases in aggregate demand decrease real output but leave the price level largely unaffected?
Select correct option:

Monetarism

New Classical theory

Real Business Cycle theory

Keynesian


Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 03:37:06 AM ) Total Marks: 1
The extra value that consumers receive above what they pay for that good is called:
Select correct option:

Producer surplus

Utility

Marginal utility

Consumer surplus

(I'm not 100% sure, but I selected option # 4, i think it seems most appropriate)


Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 03:38:06 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If a consumer’s marginal rate of substitution equals 2 eggs for 1 hamburger:
Select correct option:

The consumer’s indifference curve must be positively sloped.

The consumer’s indifference curve must be convex with respect to the origin of the graph.

The ratio of the consumer’s marginal utility of 1 egg to that of 1 hamburger must equal ½.

All of the given options.


Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 03:38:55 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Cartels are:
Select correct option:

Organizations of independent firms, producing similar products, that work together to raise prices and restrict output

Organizations of interdependent firms

Oligopolies

All of the above


Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 03:39:29 AM ) Total Marks: 1
For a monopolist, changes in demand will lead to changes in:
Select correct option:

Price with no change in output

Output with no change in price

Both price and quantity

Any of the above is possible

(not sure, I selected option # 3, but kindly verify it)

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 03:40:45 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If the cost of computer components falls, then
Select correct option:

The demand curve for computers shifts to the right.

The demand curve for computers shifts to the left.

The supply curve for computers shifts to the right

The supply curve for computers shifts to the left


Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 03:41:25 AM ) Total Marks: 1
The demand curve facing a perfectly competitive firm is:
Select correct option:

The same as the market demand curve.

Downward-sloping and less flat than the market demand curve.

Downward-sloping and more flat than the market demand curve.

Perfectly horizontal.



Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 03:42:41 AM ) Total Marks: 1
A self-employed accountant spends a lot of money identifying clients and advertising her services. These activities are an example of:
Select correct option:

External costs

Transaction costs

Fixed inputs

Marginal returns


 

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 03:44:25 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Which of the following can be thought of as a barrier to entry?
Select correct option:

Scale economies.

Patents.

Strategic actions by incumbent firms.

All of the given options are true.


 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 03:44:43 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Moving from left to right, the typical production possibilities curve:
Select correct option:

Has a constant negative slope

Has a constant positive slope

Illustrates increasing opportunity costs

Illustrates decreasing opportunity costs


Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 03:45:10 AM ) Total Marks: 1
The AD Curve is downward sloping because of all of the following reasons except that:
Select correct option:

The Fed raises real interest rates as inflation increases

The Fed raises nominal interest rates as inflation rises

The Fed intentionally tries to reduce the level of aggregate demand when inflation rises.

The Fed intentionally tries to increase the level of output as unemployment increases


Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 03:45:45 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If a firm pays cash to buy a building so as to have office space for its workers, the monthly opportunity cost of the building is best measured as:
Select correct option:
 

The price the firm paid divided by twelve.

Zero.

The rent the firm could earn if it rented the building to another firm. With reference

The monthly mortgage payment the firm would have had to pay.

(I selected option # 3 which seems to be the most appropriate, anyways kindly verify it)


Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 03:46:59 AM ) Total Marks: 1
A group of modern economists who believe that markets clear very rapidly and that expanding the money supply will always increase prices rather than employment are the:
Select correct option:

Keynesians

Monetarists

New Classical school

Post-Keynesians

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 02:25:39 AM ) Total Marks: 1

If the total product of labor per day is as shown in the chart below and the price of the product is $10/unit, how many employees will be hired if the wage rate is $99/day? Labor Total output 1 10 2 25 3 35 4 40 5 41

Select correct option:

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

4

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 02:26:53 AM ) Total Marks: 1

According to economy is always at full employment level. Economy would automatically find the new equilibrium in the short run.

Select correct option:

 

True

 

False page  110

 

(Well this question seems to be incomplete, the question is "According to...", now according to what/who? I think this question is taken from Revised handouts, page 110, which says, "According to classicals, economy is always at full employment level. Economy would automatically find the new equilibrium in the long run; they did not talk about short run". So according to this statement, the correct answer to this question should be option # 2 "False")

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 02:28:12 AM ) Total Marks: 1

In monopolist market, a new entrant firm should produce where:

Select correct option:

 

Marginal Cost < Marginal Revenue.

 

Marginal Cost > Marginal Revenue.

 

Marginal Cost = Marginal Revenue.

 

Marginal Cost = Average Revenue.

 

 

(I got confused after reading the statement of the question... Coz according to my knowledge if a new entrant enters a market, it no longer remains a monopoly...? Right? Can someone explain this question please...?)

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 02:29:14 AM ) Total Marks: 1

We know that the demand for a product is elastic if:

Select correct option:

 

When price rises, revenue rises

 

When price rises, revenue falls

 

When price rises, quantity demanded rises

 

When price falls, quantity demanded rises

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 02:29:57 AM ) Total Marks: 1

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

Select correct option:

 

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

 

Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left

 

Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right

 

Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 02:30:56 AM ) Total Marks: 1

According to the model of aggregate supply and aggregate demand, in the long run, an increase in the money supply should cause

Select correct option:

 

 

Prices to rise and output to rise.

 

Prices to fall and output to remain unchanged

 

Prices to fall and output to fall.

 

Prices to rise and output to remain unchanged

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 02:32:03 AM )

Which of the following is a flow variable?

Select correct option:

 

The value of the house in which you live

 

The balance in your savings account

 

Your monthly consumption of hamburgers

 

The number of hamburgers in your refrigerator at the beginning of the month

 

(Option # 3 seems more appropriate "Your monthly consumption of hamburgers".)

http://74.125.153.132/search?q=cache:Jf8IlcKJTCYJ:www.sp.uconn.edu/~tsk01001/ECON_110/Practice_questions_final.doc+Which+of+the+following+is+a+flow+variable%3F+The+value+of+the+house+in+which+you+live+The+balance+in+your+savings+account+Your+monthly+consumption+of+hamburgers+The+number+of+hamburgers+in+your+refrigerator+at+the+beginning+of+the+month&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=pk&client=firefox-a

 

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 02:33:12 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Other things equal, expected income can be used as a direct measure of well-being:

Select correct option:

 

No matter what a person's preference to risk.

 

If and only if individuals are not risk-loving.

 

If and only if individuals are risk averse.

 

If and only if individuals are risk neutral.

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 02:34:23 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Cartels are:

Select correct option:

 

Organizations of independent firms, producing similar products, that work together to raise prices and restrict output

 

Organizations of interdependent firms

 

Oligopolies

 

All of the above

 

Cartels are organization of independent firms, producing similar products, that work together to raise prices and restrict output. For the most part, cartels are illegal in the United States. Cartels are oligopolistic firms that collude. All of the above is the correct answer

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 02:35:10 AM ) Total Marks: 1

One explanation why the economy does not self correct quickly is

Select correct option:

 

With less consumption and more savings the interest rate will drop

 

In the short run workers are fully employed and cannot produce enough to get to long run equilibrium

 

Wages and prices are flexible

 

Wages and prices are sticky

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 02:36:19 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following events shifts the short-run aggregate supply curve to the right?

Select correct option:

 

A decrease in the money supply

 

A drop in oil prices

 

An increase in government spending on military equipment

 

An increase in price expectations

 

 

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 02:37:35 AM ) Total Marks: 1

In pure capitalism, freedom of enterprise means that:

Select correct option:

Businesses are free to produce products that consumers want

Consumers are free to buy goods and services that they want

Resources are distributed freely to businesses that want them

Government is free to direct the actions of businesses

(I selected option # 3, and it seems to be correct, Read page # 1 here: http://facstaff.gpc.edu/~poyofo/OldChapters/Chapter4.pdf)

 

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 02:38:48 AM ) Total Marks: 1

The AD Curve is downward sloping because of all of the following reasons except that:

Select correct option:

 

The Fed raises real interest rates as inflation increases

 

The Fed raises nominal interest rates as inflation rises

 

The Fed intentionally tries to reduce the level of aggregate demand when inflation rises.

 

The Fed intentionally tries to increase the level of output as unemployment increases

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 02:40:03 AM ) Total Marks: 1

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:

Select correct option:

 

Shortages

 

Surpluses

 

Equilibrium

 

None of the given options.

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 02:40:42 AM ) Total Marks: 1

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:

Select correct option:

 

Supply

 

Demand

 

Quantity supplied

 

Quantity demanded

 

(This quetsion is being asked again and again, can anyone clear it, whether its Demand or Quantity Demanded.)

 

Another quiz

 

1- It is expected that the sign of cross elasticity between two complementary goods would be:

 

Positive

Negative

Zero

None of the given option

 

2- If a monopolist sets his output such that marginal revenue, marginal cost and average total cost are equal, economic profit must be

 

Negative

Positive

Zero

Indeterminate from the given information

Ref: http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:RBr968Wd9qsJ:econweb.rutgers.edu/besedes/sample_final_intermediate.pdf+If+a+monopolist+sets+his+output+such+that+marginal+revenue,+marginal+cost+and+average+total+cost+are+equal,+economic+profit+must+be:+Negative.+Positive.+Zero.+Indeterminate+from+the+given+information&hl=en&gl=pk&sig=AHIEtbQVtGBh6AEKo7WJUskVqd3lkQrtww

 

 

 

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 09:35:51 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following events shifts the short-run aggregate supply curve to the right?

Select correct option:

 

 

 

A decrease in the money supply

 

A drop in oil prices

 

An increase in government spending on military equipment

 

An increase in price expectations

 

 

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 09:37:09 AM ) Total Marks: 1

In the long run, competitive firms MUST be profit maximizes, because if they do not maximize profits:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

They will attract new competitors.

 

They will not be price takers.

 

The profits that they do earn will only cover variable costs.

 

They will not survive.

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 09:37:47 AM ) Total Marks: 1

The demand for chicken is downward-sloping. Suddenly the price of chicken rises from $130 per kilo to $140 per kilo. This will cause:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The demand curve to shift to the left

 

The demand curve to shift to the right

 

Quantity demanded to increase

 

Quantity demanded to decrease

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 09:38:28 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Our economy is characterized by:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Unlimited wants and needs

 

Unlimited material resources

 

No energy resources

 

Abundant productive labor

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 09:38:59 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Those who hold the classical view of the labour market are likely to believe that

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Monetary, but not fiscal policy will have an effect on output and employment

 

Fiscal but not monetary policy will have an effect on output and employment.

 

Both monetary and fiscal policy will have an effect on output and employment.

 

Neither monetary nor fiscal policy will have an effect on output and employment.

 

Saving...

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 09:40:29 AM ) Total Marks: 1

A function that indicates the maximum output per unit of time that a firm can produce, for every combination of inputs with a given technology, is called:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

An isoquant

 

A production possibility curve

 

A production function

 

An isocost function

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 09:41:25 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following is not a stock variable?

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Government debt

 

The labor force

 

The amount of money held by the public

 

Inventory investment

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 09:42:40 AM ) Total Marks: 1

At the equilibrium price:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

There will be a shortage

 

There will be neither a shortage nor a surplus

 

There will be a surplus

 

There are forces that cause the price to change

 

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 09:43:38 AM ) Total Marks: 1

A self-employed accountant spends a lot of money identifying clients and advertising her services. These activities are an example of:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

External costs

 

Transaction costs

 

Fixed inputs

 

Marginal returns

 

 

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 09:44:26 AM ) Total Marks: 1

Moving from left to right, the typical production possibilities curve:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Has a constant negative slope

 

Has a constant positive slope

 

Illustrates increasing opportunity costs

 

Illustrates decreasing opportunity costs

 

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 09:45:29 AM ) Total Marks: 1

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Supply

 

Demand

 

Quantity supplied

 

Quantity demanded

 

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 09:46:54 AM ) Total Marks: 1

If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Elasticity of demand is < 1.

 

Elasticity of demand is > 1. http://wps.aw.com/aw_perloff_microcalc_1/76/19615/5021484.cw/content/index.html

 

Demand is upward-sloping.

 

Demand is perfectly inelastic.

 

Saving...

 

 

Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 09:47:34 AM ) Total Marks: 1

In the complete classical model, a rightward shift of the labor supply curve will:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Decrease the price level and increase the nominal wage

 

Decrease the nominal wage and increase the price leve

 

Decrease both the price level and the nominal wage

 

Increase both the price level and the nominal wage

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 09:49:01 AM ) Total Marks: 1

If marginal product is equal to average product:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

The total product will fall

 

The average product will not change

 

Average variable costs will fall

 

Total revenue will fall

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 09:49:27 AM ) Total Marks: 1

The level of aggregate demand will decrease if the level of:

Select correct option:

 

 

 

Consumption spending increases

 

Imports decreases

 

Investment spending decreases

 

Government spending increases

 

 

 

Quiz No 2

Question # 1 of 10 ( Start time: 05:38:06 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:

Select correct option:

 

 

Supply

Demand

Quantity supplied

Quantity demanded

 

 

 

 

Question # 2 of 10 ( Start time: 05:38:56 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Goods produced by oligopolistic industries are typically:

Select correct option:

 

 

Standardized

Differentiated

Differentiated if industrial goods

Differentiated if consumer goods

 

 

 

 

Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 05:39:52 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Price floor results in:

Select correct option:

 

 

Equilibrium

Excess demand

Excess supply

All of the given options

 

 

 

 

Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 05:41:47 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The marginal rate of substitution is equal to the:

Select correct option:

 

 

Magnitude of the slope of the indifference curve

Relative price

Marginal cost of each good

Slope of the budget line

 

 

 

 

 

Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 05:42:37 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A person with a diminishing marginal utility of income:

Select correct option:

 

 

Will be risk averse.

Will be risk neutral.

Will be risk loving.

Cannot decide without more information.

 

 

 

Question # 7 of 10 ( Start time: 05:43:05 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A self-employed accountant spends a lot of money identifying clients and advertising her services. These activities are an example of:

Select correct option:

 

 

External costs

Transaction costs

Fixed inputs

Marginal returns

 

 

 

Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 05:43:50 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following statements describes increasing returns to scale:

Select correct option:

 

 

Doubling the inputs used leads to double the output.

Increasing the inputs by 50% leads to a 25% increase in output.

Increasing inputs by 1/4 leads to an increase in output of 1/3.

None of the given options.

 

 

 

Question # 9 of 10 ( Start time: 05:44:37 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Suppose the short-run production function is q = 10 * L. If the wage rate is $10 per unit of labor, then MC=

Select correct option:

 

 

q/10

0/q

q

1

 

 

 

Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 05:45:49 PM ) Total Marks: 1

We know that the demand for a product is elastic if:

Select correct option:

 

 

When price rises, revenue rises

When price rises, revenue falls

When price rises, quantity demanded rises

When price falls, quantity demanded rises

 

 

 

 

 

Question # 2of 10 (Start time: 06:07:22 PM )    Total Marks: 1

 

Select correct option:

 

An individual with a constant marginal utility of income will be:

 

Risk averse

 

Risk neutral

 

Risk loving

 

Not enough information.

 

 

Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 06:07:22 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

At the equilibrium price:

 

Select correct option:

 

            There will be a shortage

 

            There will be neither a shortage nor a surplus

 

            There will be a surplus

 

            There are forces that cause the price to change

 

 

Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 06:09:37 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

In the long run, competitive firms MUST be profit maximizes, because if they

do not maximize profits:

 

Select correct option:

 

            They will attract new competitors.

 

            They will not be price takers.

 

            The profits that they do earn will only cover variable costs.

 

            They will not survive.

 

 Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 06:11:01 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

If a firm pays cash to buy a building so as to have office space for its

workers, the monthly opportunity cost of the building is best measured as:

 

Select correct option:

 

            The price the firm paid divided by twelve.

 

            Zero.

 

            The rent the firm could earn if it rented the building to

another firm.

 

            The monthly mortgage payment the firm would have had to pay.

 

 

 

 

 

Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 06:12:59 PM ) Total Marks: 1

 

In which market structure(s) will price exceed marginal revenue?

 

Select correct option:

 

            Differentiated oligopoly and monopoly only

 

            Standardized oligopoly and pure competition only

 

            Monopolistic competition and monopoly only

 

            Monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly

 

 Feedback: Price will exceed marginal revenue in any industry in which firms

face a downward-sloping demand curve. Pure competition is the only industry

in which this is not the case.

 

 

 

Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 06:15:48 PM )            Total Marks: 1

 

If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:

 

Select correct option:

 

            Elasticity of demand is < 1.

 

            Elasticity of demand is > 1.

 

            Demand is upward-sloping.

 

            Demand is perfectly inelastic.

 

 

 

 

The kinked demand curve model is based on the assumption that each firm:

Select correct option:

 

Considers its rival's output to be fixed

Considers its rival's price to be fixed

Believes rivals will match all price changes page  90 but more confirm

None of the given options

 

 

The condition for consumer equilibrium (in the allocation of expenditure among competing goods:

Select correct option:

 

Can be expressed as marginal utility per dollar spent on each good being equalized across all goods.

Can be expressed as the ratio of (marginal utility per unit of the good)/(price per unit of the good) being equalized across all goods.

Can be expressed as the ratio of marginal utilities being equated to the ratio of prices for all possible pairs of goods.

All of the given option.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oligopoly differs from monopolistic competition in that an oligopoly includes:

Select correct option:

 

Product differentiation.  

No barriers to entry.

Barriers to entry

Downward sloping demand curves facing the firm.

 

 

 

 

 

In the kinked demand curve model, if one firm reduces its price:

Select correct option:

 

Other firms will also reduce their price  90%

Other firms will compete on a non-price basis

Other firms will raise their price

Both (a) and (b) are correct

 

If a profit-maximizing firm finds that, at its current level of production, MR < MC, it will:

Select correct option:

 

Increase output.  

Operate at a lose.

Shut down. 

Decrease output

 

 

A function that indicates the maximum output per unit of time that a firm can produce, for every combination of inputs with a given technology, is called:

Select correct option:

 

An isoquant

A production possibility curve

A production function

An isocost function

 

 

In the long run, profits will equal zero in a competitive market because of:

Select correct option:

 

The availability of information.

Identical products being produced by all firms.

Constant returns to scale.

Free entry and exit

 

In a perfectly competitive market:

Select correct option:

 

Firms can freely enter and exit.

Firms sell a differentiated product.

Transaction costs are high.

All of the given options.

 

 

 

 

 

Question # 1 of 10 ( Start time: 07:20:57 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Goods X and Y are complements while goods X and Z are substitutes. If the supply of good X increases:

Select correct option:

 

The demand for both Y and Z will increase

The demand for Y will increase while the demand for Z will decrease

The demand for Y will decrease while the demand for Z will increase

The demand for both Y and Z will decrease

 

 

 

Question # 2 of 10 ( Start time: 07:22:24 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Which of the following can be thought of as a barrier to entry?

Select correct option:

 

Scale economies.                                            

Patents.

Strategic actions by incumbent firms.

All of the given options are true.

                                   

Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 07:23:12 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A new technology which reduces costs for firms’:

Select correct option:

 

Shifts the supply curve to the right

Shifts the supply curve to the left

Reduces the equilibrium quantity

Raises the equilibrium price

 

Question # 4 of 10 ( Start time: 07:24:20 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A normative economic statement:

Select correct option:

 

Is a statement of fact.

Is a hypothesis used to test economic theory.

Is a statement of what ought to be, not what is.

Is a statement of what will occur if certain assumptions are true.

 

Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 07:24:54 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The extra value that consumers receive above what they pay for that good is called:

Select correct option:

 

Producer surplus

Utility

Marginal utility

Consumer surplus

 

Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 07:25:17 PM ) Total Marks: 1

The point at which AC intersects MC is where:

Select correct option:

 

 

AC is decreasing.

MC is at its minimum.

AC is at its minimum.

AC is at its maximum.

 

Question # 7 of 10 ( Start time: 07:26:48 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If the income elasticity of demand is 1/2, the good is:

Select correct option:

 

A luxury.

A normal good (but not a luxury).

An inferior good.

A Giffen good.

 

Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 07:27:38 PM ) Total Marks: 1

What happens in the market for airline travel when the price of traveling by rail decreases?

Select correct option:

 

The demand curve shifts left.

The demand curve shifts right.

The supply curve shifts left.

The supply curve shifts right.

 

Question # 9 of 10 ( Start time: 07:28:36 PM ) Total Marks: 1

Indifference curves that are convex to the origin reflect:

Select correct option:

 

An increasing marginal rate of substitution.                        

A decreasing marginal rate of substitution.

A constant marginal rate of substitution.

A marginal rate of substitution that first decreases, then increases.

 

Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 07:29:11 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If diminishing marginal utility holds, and a person consumes less of a good, then all else being equal:

Select correct option:

 

The price of the good will rise.

Marginal utility will rise

Expenditure on the good will increase

Marginal utility will decline

 

ECO401 – Economics

Online Quiz # 2

December 29, 2009

 


Question # 1 of 10 ( Start time: 10:19:18 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The cross elasticity of demand of complements goods is:
Select correct option:

Less than 0. (see page # 21)

Equal to 0.

Greater than 0.

Between 0 and 1.


Question # 2 of 10 ( Start time: 10:20:47 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The oligopoly model that predicts that oligopoly prices will tend to be very rigid is the ______________ model.
Select correct option:

Cournot

Stackelberg

Dminant firm

kinked demand



Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 10:21:48 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The law of diminishing marginal utility states:
Select correct option:

The supply curve slopes upward.

Your utility grows at a slower and slower rate as you consume more and more units of a good.

The elasticity of demand is infinite.

None of the given options.


 

Question # 4 of 10 ( Start time: 10:23:02 PM ) Total Marks: 1
If the income elasticity of demand is 1/2, the good is:
Select correct option:

A luxury.

A normal good (but not a luxury).

An inferior good.

A Giffen good.



Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 10:23:15 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The point at which AC intersects MC is where:
Select correct option:

AC is decreasing.

MC is at its minimum.

AC is at its minimum.

AC is at its maximum.

 

Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 10:23:39 PM ) Total Marks: 1
Which of the following can be thought of as a barrier to entry?
Select correct option:

Scale economies.

Patents.

Strategic actions by incumbent firms.

All of the given options are true.

 

Question # 7 of 10 ( Start time: 10:24:53 PM ) Total Marks: 1
If marginal product is equal to average product:
Select correct option:

The total product will fall

The average product will not change

Average variable costs will fall

Total revenue will fall


Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 10:26:13 PM ) Total Marks: 1
When oligopolists collude, they are able to:
Select correct option:

Raise price, but not restrict output

Raise price and restrict output, but not attain the monopoly profit

Raise price and restrict output, and therefore attain the monopoly profit

Restrict output, but not raise price


Question # 9 of 10 ( Start time: 10:27:28 PM ) Total Marks: 1
If marginal product is above the average product:
Select correct option:

The total product will fall

The average product will rise

Average variable costs will fall

Total revenue will fall


Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 10:28:02 PM ) Total Marks: 1
In a production process, all inputs are increased by 10%; but output increases more than 10%. This means that the firm experiences:
Select correct option:

Decreasing returns to scale.

Constant returns to scale.

Increasing returns to scale.

Negative returns to scale.

 

ECO401 – Economics

Online Quiz # 2

December 30, 2009

 

This is friend's quiz.
Kindly verify answers.

Question # 1 of 10 ( Start time: 01:14:57 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Demand is elastic when the elasticity of demand is:
Select correct option:

Greater than 0

Greater than 1

Less than 1

Less than 0


Question # 2 of 10 ( Start time: 01:15:53 AM ) Total Marks: 1
When government sets the price of a good and that price is above the equilibrium price, the result will be:
Select correct option:

A surplus of the good

A shortage of the good

An increase in the demand for the good

A decrease in the supply of the good


Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 01:17:10 AM ) Total Marks: 1
You observe that the price of houses and the number of houses purchased both rise over the course of the year. You conclude that:
Select correct option:

The demand for houses has increased

The demand curve for houses must be upward-sloping

The supply of houses has increased

Housing construction costs must be decreasing


Question # 4 of 10 ( Start time: 01:18:12 AM ) Total Marks: 1
The demand curve facing a perfectly competitive firm is:
Select correct option:

The same as its average revenue curve but not the same as its marginal revenue curve.

The same as its average revenue curve and its marginal revenue curve.

The same as its marginal revenue curve but not its average revenue curve.

Not the same as either its marginal revenue curve or its average revenue curve.


Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 01:19:13 AM ) Total Marks: 1
In a production process, all inputs are increased by 10%; but output increases more than 10%. This means that the firm experiences:
Select correct option:

Decreasing returns to scale.

Constant returns to scale.

Increasing returns to scale.

Negative returns to scale.

 

Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 01:20:18 AM ) Total Marks: 1
An individual whose attitude toward risk is illustrated:
Select correct option:

Risk averse.

Risk loving.

Risk neutral.

None of the given is necessarily correct.


Question # 7 of 10 ( Start time: 01:21:21 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If a decrease in price increases total revenue:
Select correct option:

Demand is elastic

Demand is inelastic

Supply is elastic

Supply is inelastic


 

 

Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 01:22:05 AM ) Total Marks: 1
A self-employed accountant spends a lot of money identifying clients and advertising her services. These activities are an example of:
Select correct option:

External costs

Transaction costs

Fixed inputs

Marginal returns


Question # 9 of 10 ( Start time: 01:23:00 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If the income elasticity of demand for boots is 0.2, a 10% increase in consumer income will lead to a:
Select correct option:

20 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

20 percent decrease in the quantity of boots demanded

2 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded

0.2 percent increase in the quantity of boots demanded


Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 01:24:11 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If there is a price ceiling, there will be:
Select correct option:

Shortages

Surpluses

Equilibrium

None of the given options.

 

 

ECO401 – Economics

Online Quiz # 2

December 30, 2009

 


Question # 1 of 10 ( Start time: 02:57:52 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Due to capacity constraints, the price elasticity of supply for most products is:
Select correct option:

The same in the long run and the short run.

Greater in the long run than in the short run.

Greater in the short run than in the long run.

Too uncertain to be estimated.


Question # 2 of 10 ( Start time: 02:59:08 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If consumer incomes increase, the demand for product Y:
Select correct option:

Will necessarily remain unchanged

Will shift to the right if Y is a complementary good

Will shift to the right if Y is a normal good

Will shift to the right if Y is an inferior good


Question # 3 of 10 ( Start time: 02:59:38 AM ) Total Marks: 1
A (n) __________ may start a price war in order to get a larger share of the market
Select correct option:

Perfect competitor

Oligopolist

Monopolist

Economist
 

Question # 4 of 10 ( Start time: 03:00:07 AM ) Total Marks: 1
Assume that the government sets a ceiling on the interest rate that banks charge on loans. If the ceiling is set below the market equilibrium interest rate, the result will be:
Select correct option:

A surplus of credit.

A shortage of credit.

Greater profits for banks issuing credit.

A perfectly inelastic supply of credit in the market place.


Question # 5 of 10 ( Start time: 03:01:11 AM )
A normative economic statement:
Select correct option:

Is a statement of fact.

Is a hypothesis used to test economic theory.

Is a statement of what ought to be, not what is.

Is a statement of what will occur if certain assumptions are true.

 

 

 

Question # 6 of 10 ( Start time: 03:02:10 AM ) Total Marks: 1
The effect of a change in income on the quantity of the good consumed is called the:
Select correct option:

Income effect

Budget effect

Substitution effect

Real income effect

Question # 7 of 10 ( Start time: 03:03:07 AM ) Total Marks: 1
A market with few entry barriers and with many firms that sell differentiated products is known as:
Select correct option:
 

Purely competitive
 

A monopoly

Monopolistically competitive (see page # 54)

Oligopolistic


Question # 8 of 10 ( Start time: 03:04:20 AM ) Total Marks: 1
In a free-market economy the allocation of resources is determined by:
Select correct option:

Votes taken by consumers.

A central planning authority.

By consumer preferences.

The level of profits of firms.

Question # 9 of 10 ( Start time: 03:04:42 AM ) Total Marks: 1
If marginal product is equal to average product:
Select correct option:

The total product will fall

The average product will not change

Average variable costs will fall

Total revenue will fall


Question # 10 of 10 ( Start time: 03:05:54 AM ) Total Marks: 1
A negatively sloped isoquant implies:
Select correct option:

Products with negative marginal utilities.

Products with positive marginal utilities.

Inputs with negative marginal products.

Inputs with positive marginal products.

 

 

 

 

APNI QUIZ # 1 (MID)

 

Question # 1 of 15 () Total Marks: 1
When government sets the price of a good and that price is above the equilibrium price, the result will be:
Select correct option:



A surplus of the good

A shortage of the good

An increase in the demand for the good

A decrease in the supply of the good

Question # 2 of 15 () Total Marks: 1
The effect of a change in the price of a good or service on the quantities consumed when the consumer remains indifferent between the original and new combination of goods consumed is the:
Select correct option:



Substitution effect

Real income effect

Income effect

Price effect

Question # 3 of 15 ( ) Total Marks: 1
We know that the demand for a product is elastic if:
Select correct option:



When price rises, revenue rises

When price rises, revenue falls

When price rises, quantity demanded rises

When price falls, quantity demanded rises

A normative economic statement:
Select correct option:



Is a statement of fact.

Is a hypothesis used to test economic theory.

Is a statement of what ought to be, not what is.

Is a statement of what will occur if certain assumptions are true.

The effect of a change in income on the quantity of the good consumed is called the:
Select correct option:



Income effect

Budget effect

Substitution effect

Real income effect

If consumer incomes increase, the demand for product Y:
Select correct option:



Will necessarily remain unchanged

Will shift to the right if Y is a complementary good

Will shift to the right if Y is a normal good

Will shift to the right if Y is an inferior good

It measures the percentage change in demand given a percentage change in consumer's income.
Select correct option:



Price elasticity of demand

Income elasticity of demand

Supply price elasticity

Cross price elasticity

The cross elasticity of demand of complements goods is:
Select correct option:



Less than 0.

Equal to 0.

Greater than 0.

Between 0 and 1.

If the income elasticity of demand is 1/2, the good is:
Select correct option:



A luxury.

A normal good (but not a luxury).

An inferior good.

A Giffen good.

Other things equal, expected income can be used as a direct measure of well-being:
Select correct option:



No matter what a person's preference to risk.

If and only if individuals are not risk-loving.

If and only if individuals are risk averse.

If and only if individuals are risk neutral.

It is expected that the sign of cross elasticity between two complementary goods would be:
Select correct option:



Positive

Negative

Zero

None of the given options.

The law of diminishing returns assumes:
Select correct option:



There are no fixed factors of production.

There are no variable factors of production.

Utility is maximised when marginal product falls.

Some factors of production are fixed.

If two goods were perfect complements, their indifference curves would be:
Select correct option:



Straight lines

L-shaped

Rectangular hyperbolas

Parabolic

Indifference curves that are convex to the origin reflect:
Select correct option:



An increasing marginal rate of substitution.

A decreasing marginal rate of substitution.

A constant marginal rate of substitution.

A marginal rate of substitution that first decreases, then increases.

A market is said to be in equilibrium when:
Select correct option:



Supply equals demand

There is downward pressure on price

The amount consumers wish to buy at the current price equals the amount producers wish to sell at that price.

All buyers are able to find sellers willing to sell to them at the current price.

 

 

OTHER QUIZ # 1 (MID)

 

 

ECO 401 MCQs from Real Quiz (Chapter 1-12)






Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 01:24:42 PM )

Total Marks: 1


A person with a diminishing marginal utility of income:


Select correct option:



Will be risk averse.
Will be risk neutral.
Will be risk loving.
Cannot decide without more information.

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 01:25:51 PM )

Total Marks: 1


We know that the demand for a product is elastic if:


Select correct option:



When price rises, revenue rises

When price rises, revenue falls

When price rises, quantity demanded rises

When price falls, quantity demanded rises

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 01:26:44 PM )

Total Marks: 1


If consumer incomes increase, the demand for product Y:


Select correct option:



Will necessarily remain unchanged

Will shift to the right if Y is a complementary good

Will shift to the right if Y is a normal good

Will shift to the right if Y is an inferior good


Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 01:28:09 PM )

Total Marks: 1


Due to capacity constraints, the price elasticity of supply for most products is:


Select correct option:



The same in the long run and the short run.
Greater in the long run than in the short run.
Greater in the short run than in the long run.
Too uncertain to be estimated.

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 01:29:48 PM )

Total Marks: 1


An indifference curve is:


Select correct option:



A collection of market baskets that are equally desirable to the consumer.
A collection of market baskets that the consumer can buy.
A curve whose elasticity is constant for every price.
A curve which passes through the origin and includes all of the market baskets that the consumer regards as being equivalent.


Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 01:31:10 PM )

Total Marks: 1


If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:


Select correct option:



Elasticity of demand is < 1.

Elasticity of demand is > 1.   vuz click 95%

Demand is upward-sloping.

Demand is perfectly inelastic.



Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 01:32:53 PM )

Total Marks: 1


The numerical measurement of a consumer’s preference is called:

Select correct option:


Satisfaction
Use
Pleasure
Utility   vuz click  95%

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 01:34:15 PM )

Total Marks: 1


It is expected that the sign of cross elasticity between two complementary goods would be:


Select correct option:



Positive

Negative

Zero

None of the given options.


Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 01:35:45 PM )

Total Marks: 1


Indifference curves that are convex to the origin reflect:


Select correct option:



An increasing marginal rate of substitution.

A decreasing marginal rate of substitution.

A constant marginal rate of substitution.

A marginal rate of substitution that first decreases, then increases.

Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 01:36:56 PM )

Total Marks: 1


A Demand Curve is price inelastic when:


Select correct option:



Changes in demand are proportionately smaller than those in price

Changes in demand are proportionately greater than those in price

Changes in demand are equal than those in price

None of the given options.

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 01:38:42 PM )

Total Marks: 1


The production possibilities curve:


Select correct option:



Shows all combinations of goods that society most desires

Indicates that any combination of goods lying outside the curve is attainable

Separates all combinations of two goods that can be produced from those that cannot

Shows only those combinations of two goods that reflect "full production"


Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 01:39:59 PM )

Total Marks: 1


The demand for chicken is downward-sloping. Suddenly the price of chicken rises from $130 per kilo to $140 per kilo. This will cause:


Select correct option:



The demand curve to shift to the left

The demand curve to shift to the right

Quantity demanded to increase

Quantity demanded to decrease


Question # 13 of 15 ( Start time: 01:41:46 PM )

Total Marks: 1


Goods X and Y are complements while goods X and Z are substitutes. If the supply of good X increases:


Select correct option:



The demand for both Y and Z will increase

The demand for Y will increase while the demand for Z will decrease

The demand for Y will decrease while the demand for Z will increase

The demand for both Y and Z will decrease



Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 01:43:01 PM )

Total Marks: 1


A nation's production possibilities curve is "bowed out" from the origin because:


Select correct option:



Resources are not perfectly shiftable between productions of the two goods

Capital goods and consumer goods utilize the same production technology

Resources are scarce relative to human wants

Opportunity costs are decreasing

 

 

 

Question # 1 of 15 Total Marks: 1
If marginal product is below average product:
Select correct option:

The total product will fall
The average product will fall
Average variable costs will fall
total revenue will fall



Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 10:28:03 PM ) Total Marks: 1
Demand is elastic when the elasticity of demand is:
Select correct option:

Greater than 0
Greater than 1
Less than 1
Less than 0



Question # 3 of 15 ( Total Marks: 1
The concave shape of the production possibilities curve illustrates:
Select correct option:

Increasing opportunity costs for both goods
Increasing opportunity cost for good X but not for good Y
Increasing opportunity cost for good Y but not for good X
Constant opportunity costs for both goods




Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 10:29:16 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The extra value that consumers receive above what they pay for that good is called:
Select correct option:

Producer surplus
Utility
Marginal utility
Consumer surplus



Question # 5 of 15 Total Marks: 1
Assume that the government sets a ceiling on the interest rate that banks charge on loans. If the ceiling is set below the market equilibrium interest rate, the result will be:
Select correct option:

A surplus of credit.
A shortage of credit.
Greater profits for banks issuing credit.
A perfectly inelastic supply of credit in the market place.



Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 10:30:29 PM ) Total Marks: 1
A Demand Curve is price inelastic when:
Select correct option:

Changes in demand are proportionately smaller than those in price
Changes in demand are proportionately greater than those in price
Changes in demand are equal than those in price
None of the given options.



Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 10:31:46 PM ) Total Marks: 1
A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:
Select correct option:

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left
Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left
Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right
Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers



Question # 8 of 15 ( Total Marks: 1
It is calculated as the percentage change in quantity demanded of a given good, with respect to the percentage change in the price of “another” good.
Select correct option:

Price elasticity of demand
Income elasticity of demand
Cross price elasticity of demand
Supply price elasticity



Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 10:33:47 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The burden of a tax is shifted toward buyers if:
Select correct option:

Demand is perfectly elastic.
Demand is relatively more elastic than supply.
Demand is relatively more inelastic than supply.
Demand and supply have equal elasticities.



Question # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 10:34:23 PM ) Total Marks: 1
Assume that the current market price is below the market clearing level. We would expect:
Select correct option:

A surplus to accumulate.
Downward pressure on the current market price.
Upward pressure on the current market price.
Lower production during the next time period.



Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 10:34:51 PM ) Total Marks: 1
You observe that the price of houses and the number of houses purchased both rise over the course of the year. You conclude that:
Select correct option:

The demand for houses has increased
The demand curve for houses must be upward-sloping
The supply of houses has increased
Housing construction costs must be decreasing



Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 10:35:27 PM ) Total Marks: 1
The short run, as economists use the phrase, is characterised by:
Select correct option:

All inputs being variable.
At least one fixed factor of production and firms neither leaving nor entering the industry.
No variable inputs - that is, all of the factors of production are fixed.
A period where the law of diminishing returns does not hold.



Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 10:36:08 PM ) Total Marks: 1
It measures the percentage change in demand given a percentage change in consumer's income.
Select correct option:

Price elasticity of demand
Income elasticity of demand
Supply price elasticity
Cross price elasticity



Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 10:36:34 PM ) Total Marks: 1
A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:
Select correct option:

Supply
Demand
Quantity supplied
Quantity demanded

 

 

 

 

 

Goods X and Y are complements while goods X and Z are substitutes. If the supply of good X increases:
Select correct option:
The demand for both Y and Z will increase
The demand for Y will increase while the demand for Z will decrease
The demand for Y will decrease while the demand for Z will increase
The demand for both Y and Z will decrease


A normative economic statement:
Select correct option:
Is a statement of fact.
Is a hypothesis used to test economic theory.
Is a statement of what ought to be, not what is.
Is a statement of what will occur if certain assumptions are true.

 

when the price of petrol rises 10%, the quantity of petrol purchased falls by 8%. The demand for petrol is:
Select correct option:
Perfectly elastic
Unit elastic
Elastic
Inelastic

 

The law of diminishing marginal utility states:
Select correct option:
The supply curve slopes upward.
Your utility grows at a slower and slower rate as you consume more and more units of a good.
The elasticity of demand is infinite.
None of the given options.

 

Assume Leisure is a normal good. If income effect equals substitution effect then a wage rate increase will lead a person to:
Select correct option:
Increase hours of work
Decrease hours of work
Not change hours of work
None of the given options

 

The burden of a tax is shifted toward buyers if:
Select correct option:
Demand is perfectly elastic.
Demand is relatively more elastic than supply.
Demand is relatively more inelastic than supply.
Demand and supply have equal elasticities.

 

Assume that the government sets a ceiling on the interest rate that banks charge on loans. If the ceiling is set below the market equilibrium interest rate, the result will be:
Select correct option:
A surplus of credit.
A shortage of credit.
Greater profits for banks issuing credit.
A perfectly inelastic supply of credit in the market place.

 

You observe that the price of houses and the number of houses purchased both rise over the course of the year. You conclude that:
Select correct option:
The demand for houses has increased
The demand curve for houses must be upward-sloping
The supply of houses has increased
Housing construction costs must be decreasing

 

When drawing demand and supply curves, economists are assuming that the primary influence on production and purchasing decisions is:
Select correct option:
Price
Cost of production
The overall state of the economy
Consumer incomes

 

 

the ____________________ is a graph of the ____________________ of a good and the ____________________.
Select correct option:
Supply curve, price, quantity supplied
Demand curve, price, quantity supplied
Supply curve, price, quantity demanded
Supply curve, quantity supplied, income of consumers

 

Microeconomics is the branch of economics that deals with which of the following topics?
Select correct option:
The behavior of individual consumers
Unemployment and interest rates
The behavior of individual firms and investors
The behavior of individual consumers and behavior of individual firms and investors.

 

It is calculated as the percentage change in quantity demanded of a given good, with respect to the percentage change in the price of “another” good.
Select correct option:
Price elasticity of demand
Income elasticity of demand
Cross price elasticity of demand
Supply price elasticity

 

The concept of a risk premium apply to a person that is:
Select correct option:
Risk averse
Risk neutral
Risk loving
All of the given options

 

Demand is elastic when the elasticity of demand is:
Select correct option:
Greater than 0
Greater than 1
Less than 1
Less than 0

A "Giffen good" is defined as one for which:
Select correct option:
Marginal utility is zero.
The demand curve is perfectly elastic.
The substitution effect is positive.
The demand curve is positively sloped.

 



If your demand price for one unit of a good is $100 and the market price is $75, your consumer's surplus is:
Select correct option:

$25
$50
$75
$100


Due to capacity constraints, the price elasticity of supply for most products is:
Select correct option:

The same in the long run and the short run.
Greater in the long run than in the short run.
Greater in the short run than in the long run.
Too uncertain to be estimated.
 

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:
Select correct option:

Supply
Demand
Quantity supplied
Quantity demanded


If the cost of computer components falls, then
Select correct option:

The demand curve for computers shifts to the right.
The demand curve for computers shifts to the left.
The supply curve for computers shifts to the right
The supply curve for computers shifts to the left
 

If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:
Select correct option:

Elasticity of demand is <>
Elasticity of demand is > 1.
Demand is upward-sloping.
Demand is perfectly inelastic.

 

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:
Select correct option:

Shortages
Surpluses
Equilibrium
None of the given options.


The numerical measurement of a consumer’s preference is called:
Select correct option:

Satisfaction
Use
Pleasure
Utility


If a decrease in price increases total revenue:
Select correct option:

Demand is elastic
Demand is inelastic
Supply is elastic
Supply is inelastic

 

It is calculated as the percentage change in quantity demanded of a given good, with respect to the percentage change in the price of “another” good.
Select correct option:

Price elasticity of demand
Income elasticity of demand
Cross price elasticity of demand
Supply price elasticity

 

Assume Leisure is a normal good. If income effect equals substitution effect then a wage rate increase will lead a person to:
Select correct option:

Increase hours of work
Decrease hours of work
Not change hours of work
None of the given options


The price elasticity of supply shows us:
Select correct option:

How steep the supply curve is
How fast supply responds to price
How much supply shifts when income changes
How much quantity supplied responds to price changes

More output could be produced with available resources if:
Select correct option:

Resources are allocated efficiently
Resources are imperfectly shiftable among alternative uses
Prices are reduced
The economy is operating at a point inside the production possibilities curve.



The marginal rate of substitution is equal to the:
Select correct option:

Magnitude of the slope of the indifference curve
Relative price
Marginal cost of each good
Slope of the budget line

Marginal utility is best described as:
Select correct option:

The additional satisfaction gained by consumption of the last good


The per unit satisfaction of the good consumed
The total satisfaction gained from the total consumption of the good
The change in satisfaction from consuming one additional unit of the good

The short run, as economists use the phrase, is characterised by:
Select correct option:

All inputs being variable.
At least one fixed factor of production and firms neither leaving nor entering the industry.
No variable inputs - that is, all of the factors of production are fixed.
A period where the law of diminishing returns does not hold.

If marginal product is above the average product:
Select correct option:
The total product will fall
The average product will rise
Average variable costs will fall
Total revenue will fall

 

 

 

According the law of diminishing returns:
Select correct option:

The marginal product falls as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.
Marginal utility falls as more units of a product are consumed.
The total product falls as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.
The marginal product increases as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.

 

the substitution effect of a price decrease for a good with a normal indifference curve pattern:
Select correct option:
Is always inversely related to the price change.
Measures the change in consumption of the good that is due to the consumer’s feeling of being richer.
Is measured by the horizontal distance between the original and the new indifference curves.
Is sufficient information to plot an ordinary demand curve for the commodity being considered.

 

he ____________________ is a graph of the ____________________ of a good and the ____________________.
Select correct option:
Supply curve, price, quantity supplied
Demand curve, price, quantity supplied
Supply curve, price, quantity demanded
Supply curve, quantity supplied, income of consumers

 

When an industry's raw material costs increase, other things remaining the same:
Select correct option:
The supply curve shifts to the left.
The supply curve shifts to the right.
Output increases regardless of the market price and the supply curve shifts upward.
Output decreases and the market price also decrease.

 

in a free-market economy the allocation of resources is determined by:
Select correct option:

Votes taken by consumers
A central planning authority
By consumer preferences
The level of profits of firms

 

Moving from left to right, the typical production possibilities curve:
Select correct option:
Has a constant negative slope
Has a constant positive slope
Illustrates increasing opportunity costs
Illustrates decreasing opportunity costs

 

it is calculated as the percentage change in quantity demanded of a given good, with respect to the percentage change in the price of “another” good.
Select correct option:
Price elasticity of demand
Income elasticity of demand
Cross price elasticity of demand
Supply price elasticity

 

If your demand price for one unit of a good is $100 and the market price is $75, your consumer's surplus is:
Select correct option:

$25
$50
$75
$100

 

 

Average physical product is equal to:
Select correct option:

TPPF
TPPF/QF
QF / TPPF
TPPF * QF

 

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:
Select correct option:
Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left
Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left
Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right
Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

Due to capacity constraints, the price elasticity of supply for most products is:
Select correct option:
The same in the long run and the short run.
Greater in the long run than in the short run.
Greater in the short run than in the long run.
Too uncertain to be estimated.

 

Although there are many reasons why a market can be non-competitive, the principal economic difference between a competitive and a non-competitive market is:
Select correct option:
The number of firms in the market.
The extent to which any firm can influence the price of the product.
The size of the firms in the market.
The annual sales made by the largest firms in the market.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The law of diminishing marginal utility states:
Select correct option:
The supply curve slopes upward.
Your utility grows at a slower and slower rate as you consume more and more units of a good.
The elasticity of demand is infinite.
None of the given options.

 

If your demand price for one unit of a good is $100 and the market price is $75, your consumer's surplus is:
Select correct option:

$25
$50
$75
$100

 

Due to capacity constraints, the price elasticity of supply for most products is:
Select correct option:

The same in the long run and the short run.
Greater in the long run than in the short run.
Greater in the short run than in the long run.
Too uncertain to be estimated.

 

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:
Select correct option:

Supply
Demand
Quantity supplied
Quantity demanded

If the cost of computer components falls, then
Select correct option:

The demand curve for computers shifts to the right.
The demand curve for computers shifts to the left.
The supply curve for computers shifts to the right
The supply curve for computers shifts to the left

 


If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:
Select correct option:

Elasticity of demand is < 1.
Elasticity of demand is > 1.
Demand is upward-sloping.
Demand is perfectly inelastic.

 

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:
Select correct option:

Shortages
Surpluses
Equilibrium
None of the given options.

 


The numerical measurement of a consumer’s preference is called:
Select correct option:

Satisfaction
Use
Pleasure
Utility


If a decrease in price increases total revenue:
Select correct option:

Demand is elastic
Demand is inelastic
Supply is elastic
Supply is inelastic

 



It is calculated as the percentage change in quantity demanded of a given good, with respect to the percentage change in the price of “another” good.
Select correct option:

Price elasticity of demand
Income elasticity of demand
Cross price elasticity of demand
Supply price elasticity


Assume Leisure is a normal good. If income effect equals substitution effect then a wage rate increase will lead a person to:
Select correct option:

Increase hours of work
Decrease hours of work
Not change hours of work
None of the given options



The price elasticity of supply shows us:
Select correct option:
How steep the supply curve is
How fast supply responds to price
How much supply shifts when income changes
How much quantity supplied responds to price changes


More output could be produced with available resources if:
Select correct option:

Resources are allocated efficiently
Resources are imperfectly shiftable among alternative uses
Prices are reduced
The economy is operating at a point inside the production possibilities curve.

The marginal rate of substitution is equal to the:
Select correct option:

Magnitude of the slope of the indifference curve
Relative price
Marginal cost of each good
Slope of the budget line

 

Marginal utility is best described as:
Select correct option:

The additional satisfaction gained by consumption of the last good
The per unit satisfaction of the good consumed
The total satisfaction gained from the total consumption of the good
The change in satisfaction from consuming one additional unit of the good

The short run, as economists use the phrase, is characterised by:
Select correct option:

All inputs being variable.
At least one fixed factor of production and firms neither leaving nor entering the industry.
No variable inputs - that is, all of the factors of production are fixed.
A period where the law of diminishing returns does not hold.

check rest at

 

 

 

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 06:28:05 PM )

Total Marks: 1

The substitution effect of a price decrease for a good with a normal indifference curve pattern:

Select correct option:

 

 

Is always inversely related to the price change.

 

Measures the change in consumption of the good that is due to the consumer’s feeling of being richer.

 

Is measured by the horizontal distance between the original and the new indifference curves.

 

Is sufficient information to plot an ordinary demand curve for the commodity being considered.

 

  

Question # 2 of 15 ( Start time: 06:28:38 PM )

Total Marks: 1

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:

Select correct option:

 

 

Supply

 

Demand

 

Quantity supplied

 

Quantity demanded

 

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 06:29:18 PM )

Total Marks: 1

A "Giffen good" is defined as one for which:

Select correct option:

 

 

Marginal utility is zero.

 

The demand curve is perfectly elastic.

 

The substitution effect is positive.

 

The demand curve is positively sloped.

 

 

 

Question # 4 of 15 ( Start time: 06:30:14 PM )

Total Marks: 1

When the price of petrol rises 10%, the quantity of petrol purchased falls by 8%. The demand for petrol is:

Select correct option:

 

 

Perfectly elastic

 

Unit elastic

 

Elastic

 

Inelastic

 

 

 

Question # 5 of 15 ( Start time: 06:30:52 PM )

Total Marks: 1

An individual whose attitude toward risk is illustrated:

Select correct option:

 

 

Risk averse.

 

Risk loving.

 

Risk neutral.

 

None of the given is necessarily correct.

 

 

 

Question # 6 of 15 ( Start time: 06:31:22 PM )

Total Marks: 1

If marginal product is above the average product:

Select correct option:

 

 

The total product will fall

 

The average product will rise

 

Average variable costs will fall

 

Total revenue will fall

 

Ref: A mathematical connection between average product and marginal product stating that the change in the average product depends on a comparison between the average product and marginal product. If marginal product is less than average product, then average product declines. If marginal product is greater than average product, then average product rises. If marginal product is equal to average product, then average product does not change.

 

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 06:32:11 PM )

Total Marks: 1

Other things equal, expected income can be used as a direct measure of well-being:

Select correct option:

 

 

No matter what a person's preference to risk.

 

If and only if individuals are not risk-loving.

 

If and only if individuals are risk averse.

 

If and only if individuals are risk neutral.

 

 

 

Question # 8 of 15 ( Start time: 06:32:47 PM )

Total Marks: 1

If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:

Select correct option:

 

 

Elasticity of demand is < 1.

 

Elasticity of demand is > 1.

 

Demand is upward-sloping.

 

Demand is perfectly inelastic.

 

 

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 06:33:17 PM )

Total Marks: 1

Price floor results in:

Select correct option:

 

 

Equilibrium

 

Excess demand

 

Excess supply

 

All of the given options

 

 

 

uestion # 10 of 15 ( Start time: 06:33:50 PM )

Total Marks: 1

A schedule which shows the various amounts of a product consumers are willing and able to purchase at each price in a series of possible prices during a specified period of time is called:

Select correct option:

 

 

Supply

 

Demand

 

Quantity supplied

 

Quantity demanded

 

 

 

 

 

It measures the percentage change in demand given a percentage change in consumer's income.

Select correct option:

 

 

Price elasticity of demand

 

Income elasticity of demand

 

Supply price elasticity

 

Cross price elasticity

 

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 06:34:42 PM )

Total Marks: 1

Demand is elastic when the elasticity of demand is:

Select correct option:

 

 

Greater than 0

 

Greater than 1

 

Less than 1

 

Less than 0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Due to capacity constraints, the price elasticity of supply for most products is:

Select correct option:

 

 

The same in the long run and the short run.

 

Greater in the long run than in the short run.

 

Greater in the short run than in the long run.

 

Too uncertain to be estimated.

 

 

 

Question # 14 of 15 ( Start time: 06:35:57 PM )

Total Marks: 1

You observe that the price of houses and the number of houses purchased both rise over the course of the year. You conclude that:

Select correct option:

 

 

The demand for houses has increased

 

The demand curve for houses must be upward-sloping

 

The supply of houses has increased

 

Housing construction costs must be decreasing

 

 

 

Question # 15 of 15 ( Start time: 06:38:22 PM )

Total Marks: 1

If there is a price ceiling, there will be:

Select correct option:

 

 

Shortages

 

Surpluses

 

Equilibrium

 

None of the given options.

 

 

 

Question # 1 of 15 ( Start time: 02:02:54 PM ) Total Marks: 1

You observe that the price of houses and the number of houses purchased both rise over the course of the year. You conclude that:

Select correct option:

The demand for houses has increased

The demand curve for houses must be upward-sloping

The supply of houses has increased

Housing construction costs must be decreasing

 

Question # 2  of 15 ( Start time: 02:04:10 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

If consumer incomes increase, the demand for product Y:

Select correct option:

Will necessarily remain unchanged

Will shift to the right if Y is a complementary good

Will shift to the right if Y is a normal good

Will shift to the right if Y is an inferior good

 

Question # 3 of 15 ( Start time: 02:04:54 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If marginal product is below average product:

Select correct option:

The total product will fall

The average product will fall

Average variable costs will fall

Total revenue will fall

 

Reference: The marginal product is the extra output per factor (e.g. employee); the average product is the output per factor (e.g. per employee). If marginal product is below average product, the average product will fall.

 

Question # 4  of 15 ( Start time: 02:05:58 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

It is calculated as the percentage change in quantity demanded of a given good, with respect to the percentage change in the price of “another” good.

Select correct option:

Price elasticity of demand

Income elasticity of demand

Cross price elasticity of demand

Supply price elasticity

 

Question # 5  of 15 ( Start time: 02:06:46 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

A Demand Curve is price inelastic when:

Select correct option:

Changes in demand are proportionately smaller than those in price

Changes in demand are proportionately greater than those in price

Changes in demand are equal than those in price

None of the given options.

 

Question # 6  of 15 ( Start time: 02:07:32 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

A partial explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded is that a:

Select correct option:

Lower price shifts the supply curve to the left

Higher price shifts the demand curve to the left

Lower price shifts the demand curve to the right

Higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers

 

Feedback: The demand curve is the relationship between price and quantity demanded, all else equal.  A change in price changes quantity demanded, but does not shift the demand curve.  One explanation for the inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded along the curve is that a higher price reduces the real incomes of buyers.  For normal goods, this drop in real income will reduce desired purchases. modest_khan: 4

 

Question # 7 of 15 ( Start time: 02:08:36 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If a sales tax on beer leads to reduced tax revenue, this means:

Select correct option:

Elasticity of demand is < 1.

Elasticity of demand is > 1.

Demand is upward-sloping.

Demand is perfectly inelastic.

 

Q uestion # 8  of 15 ( Start time: 02:09:37 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

A "Giffen good" is defined as one for which:

Select correct option:

Marginal utility is zero.

The demand curve is perfectly elastic.

The substitution effect is positive.

The demand curve is positively sloped.

 

Question # 9 of 15 ( Start time: 02:11:09 PM ) Total Marks: 1

A nation's production possibilities curve is "bowed out" from the origin because:

Select correct option:

Resources are not perfectly shiftable between productions of the two goods

Capital goods and consumer goods utilize the same production technology

Resources are scarce relative to human wants

Opportunity costs are decreasing

 

Question # 10  of 15 ( Start time: 02:11:37 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

If diminishing marginal utility holds, and a person consumes less of a good, then all else being equal:

Select correct option:

The price of the good will rise.

Marginal utility will rise

Expenditure on the good will increase

Marginal utility will decline

 

Question # 11 of 15 ( Start time: 02:12:15 PM ) Total Marks: 1

According the law of diminishing returns:

Select correct option:

The marginal product falls as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.

Marginal utility falls as more units of a product are consumed.

The total product falls as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.

The marginal product increases as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.

This occurs when variable factors are added to fixed factors. According to the law of diminishing returns the marginal product falls as more units of a variable factor are added to a fixed factor.

 

Question # 12 of 15 ( Start time: 02:13:34 PM ) Total Marks: 1

If consumer incomes increase, the demand for product Y:

Select correct option:

Will necessarily remain unchanged

Will shift to the right if Y is a complementary good

Will shift to the right if Y is a normal good

Will shift to the right if Y is an inferior good

 

Question # 13  of 15 ( Start time: 02:14:13 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

The concept of a risk premium applies to a person that is:

Select correct option:

Risk averse

Risk neutral

Risk loving

All of the given options

 

Question # 14  of 15 ( Start time: 02:14:35 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

When drawing demand and supply curves, economists are assuming that the primary influence on production and purchasing decisions is:

Select correct option:

Price

Cost of production

The overall state of the economy

Consumer incomes


Reference: Although there are many determinants of quantity demanded and quantity supplied, the demand and supply curves show the relationship between price and quantity, all other factors equal. The primary factor is assumed to be the price.

 

 

Question # 15  of 15 ( Start time: 02:15:36 PM  )  Total Marks:  1

Assume that the government sets a ceiling on the interest rate that banks charge on loans. If the ceiling is set below the market equilibrium interest rate, the result will be:

Select correct option:

A surplus of credit.

A shortage of credit.

Greater profits for banks issuing credit.

A perfectly inelastic supply of credit in the market place.

 

 

Available solutions