Question 1 of 10
What is the Supreme Court test for whether or not a law violate the Establishment Clause?
A.The Lemon Test
B.The Wall of Separation Test
C.The Religious Freedom Test
D.The Westboro Test
Question 2 of 10
The majority of legal disputes in the United States are resolved in:
A.Separate state courts in each of the 50 states
B.United States District Courts
D.Trial courts by jury trial
Question 3 of 10
If a party appeals from a decision of the United States District Court, the next step will be at:
A.The party has a choice among any of the above.
B.The Supreme Court
C.The Circuit Court of Appeals
D.The highest state court in that district.
Question 4 of 10
The United States court system is best considered to be:
Question 5 of 10
What is the difference between civil liberties and civil rights?
A.There is no difference.
B.Liberties are more closely related to freedoms, and rights are more closely related to equal treatment.
C.Civil rights replaced civil liberties during the Civil Rights Movement.
D.Liberties are more closely related to equal treatment, and rights are more closely related to freedoms.
Question 6 of 10
What does "equality" mean in the judicial system?
A.People are treated identically as American citizens.
B.People should have equal resources and opportunities.
C.Groups of people who have been disadvantaged historically should receive preferences and benefits to reach equality.
D.It depends on the issue, the circumstances, and the makeup of the court involved.
Question 7 of 10
Which term best describes "stare decisis"?
Question 8 of 10
Thousands of petitions for review are presented to the Supreme Court each year, and the Court typically accepts:
C.approximately half of the cases
D.approximately one third of the cases
Question 9 of 10
What was the result of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)?
A.It integrated the public school system.
B.It provided for a right to privacy.
D.It ended the use of sexual orientation standards for the military.
Question 10 of 10
An opinion by a federal judge that states agreement with the outcome of a case, but expresses different reasons than those expressed by the majority is a: