CASH FLOWS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AT SUNSET BOARDS, INC.
Sunset Boards is a small company that manufactures and sells surfboards in Malibu. Tad Marks, the founder of the company, is in charge of the design and sale of the surfboards, but his background is in surfing, not business. As a result, the company’s financial records are not well maintained.
The initial investment in Sunset Boards was provided by Tad and his friends and family. Because the initial investment was relatively small, and the company has made surfboards only for its own store, the investors haven’t required detailed financial statements from Tad. But thanks to word of mouth among professional surfers, sales have picked up recently, and Tad is considering a major expansion. His plans include opening another surfboard store in Hawaii, as well as supplying his “sticks” (surfer lingo for boards) to other sellers.
Tad’s expansion plans require a significant investment, which he plans to finance with a combination of additional funds from outsiders plus some money borrowed from banks. Naturally, the new investors and creditors require more organized and detailed financial statements than Tad has previously prepared. At the urging of his investors, Tad has hired financial analyst Paula Wolfe to evaluate the performance of the company over the past year.
After rooting through old bank statements, sales receipts, tax returns, and other records, Paula has assembled the following information:
Cost of goods sold $169,969 214,607
Cash 24,524 26,056
Depreciation 47,980 54,230
Interest expense 10,442 11,954
Selling & administrative expenses 33,425 43,626
Accounts payable 43,344 48,090
Net fixed assets 211,680 264,021
Sales 333,426 406,427
Accounts receivable 17,378 22,542
Notes payable 19,757 21,571
Long-term debt 106,848 119,976
Inventory 36,570 50,185
New equity 0 20,160
Sunset Boards currently pays out 50 percent of net income as dividends to Tad and the other original investors, and has a 20 percent tax rate. You are Paula’s assistant, and she has asked you to prepare the following:
1. An income statement for 2013 and 2014.
2. A balance sheet for 2013 and 2014.
3. Operating cash flow for each year.
4. Cash flow from assets for 2014.
5. Cash flow to creditors for 2014.
6. Cash flow to stockholders for 2014.
1.How would you describe Sunset Boards’ cash flows for 2014? Write a brief discussion.
2.In light of your discussion in the previous question, what do you think about Tad’s expansion plans?
1 The terms owners’ equity, shareholders’ equity, and stockholders’ equity are used interchangeably to refer to the equity in a corporation. The term net worth is also used. Variations exist in addition to these.
2 By “straight-line,” we mean that the depreciation deduction is the same every year. By “written down to zero,” we mean that the asset is assumed to have no value at the end of five years.